A-Z list of Medicinal plants in Scientific Names

 

NAME OF THE PLANTS STARTING WITH A
MEDICINALPLANT NAMES IN SCIENTIFIC NAMES-ENGLISH AND SANSKRIT
SCIENTIFIC NAMES COMMON NAMES SANSKRIT NAMES
Abelmoschus Mosthaus Musk mallow Latha Kasthuri
Abies Webbiana Lindl., Spectabilis G. Don. Himalayan Silver Fir Talisha Patra- Patradhya, Dhatripatra, Arkavedha
Abrus Precatorius Linn. Tiliaceae Indian Licorice, crab eye Gunja -Chudamani, Raktaphalika, Kakanantika 
Abutilon Indicum Malvaceae Country Mallow Atibala- Balya, Brimhaniya, Madhuraskandha, Kankatika
Acacia Caesia Willd., Intsia Mimosaceae Soap bark Nikunjika 
Acacia Catechu Willd. Mimosoideae Black Catechu, Cutch Tree Khadira – Balpatra, Kantaki, Dantadhavan, Kushthari 
Acacia Concinna Dc. Mimosaceae Shikakkai Shakhota-, Pita Phala, Chagi, Kshira Vinashana
Acacia Ferruginea, Gum arabic Rusty Acacia Arimedah 
Acacia Leucophloea Willd. Mimosaceae White Babool  Distiller’s Acacia Sarja- Shal, Asvakarnak, Ajakarua,  Kudehaka, Devadhup
Acacia Nilotica Linn, Indica, Arabica Willd. Black Babul,  Babul Tree Babbula- Babul, Kantalu, Tikshakantak, Goshrunga,  
Acacia Polyantha Will. Mimosaceae White Cutch Tree, White Catech Kadara- Somavalkah  
Acacia Speciosa Linn. Mimosaceae Sirissa Tree, woman’s tongues tree Shveta Barbura- Shveta Barbura, Arimeda  
Acalypha Indica Linn. Euphorbiaceae India Acalypha Haritamanjari- Arittamanjari
Acanthus Ilicifolius Linn. Acanthaceae Holy Leafed Acanthus Artagala- Argata, Arttagala, Bahu Kanta, Pradharshana
Achyranthes Aspera Linn. Amaranthaceae Prickly Chaff Flower Apamarga -Durgraha, Adhashalya, Karmanjri, Pratyakpushpi 
Aconitum Heterophyllum Wall. Ranunculaceae Indian Atees Ativisha- Shrungi, Virupa,  Shwetvaca, Visha
Acorus Calamus Linn. Araceae Sweet Flag Vaca –  Ugragandha, Shadgrantha, Shataparvika 
Actinopteris Dichotoma Bedd. Polypodiaceae Peacock’s Tail Mayurashikha- Morpankhi 
Adenanthera Pavonia Acacia Coral Tamraka
Adhatoda Vasica /Zeylanica Malabar Nut Vrushamoola,  Vasa 
Adiantum Caudatum Linn. Polypodiaceae Tailed maidenhair Mayurashikha- Madhuchchada 
Adiantum Philippense Linn.  Maiden-Hair Fern Hamsaraja- Tripadi, Hansapadi, Dhritmandalika 
Aegle Marmelos Stone apple, Bael Vilwa  Bilva  
Aegle Marmelos Corr. Ex. Roxb. Rutaceae Bael, Bilwa Bilva- Shalya,  Karkata, Trishikha, Shaivapatra, Duraroha 
Aerva Lanata-Cheroola Mountain Knotgrasss Astmabayda – Chaya 
Ageratum Conyzoides Linn. Asteraceae Appa Grass Vishamushti, Osadi
Aglaia Roxburghiana Nyalei, Punniyava, Cheeralam Priyangu
Ailantus Excelsa Roxb. Simaroubaceae Tree of heaven Madala Aralu – Mahanimba, Atarusha, Aralu 
Alangium Salviifolium Wang. Sage Leaves Ankola- Ankot, Ankolaka, Gomedaka, Nikocaka
Albizzia Lebbek Willd. Mimosaceae Bengali Siris, woman’s tongues tree Shvetakutaja, Shirisha  Shirisha  
Albizzia Odoratissima  Black Siris Bhushirishah Bhushirsha 
Aleurites Moluccana Willd. Euphorbiaceae Indian Walnut, Candle-Nut Akshota- Akshodaha, Vrittaphala, Kanda, Labha, Prithucchada,
Alhagi Pseudalhagi Desv. , Maurorum Desv. Camel thorn, Persian Manna Plant Yavasa –  Duhsparsha, Ananta,  Samudranta, Kacchura
Allium Cepa Bulb onion, Common onion Onion 
Allophylus Serratus Kurz  Triputa  Triputa, Mukkannan pezhu
Allum Sativum Linn. Liliaceae Garlic Lashuna-Rason, Arishta, Yavaneshta, Mahaushadha
Alocasia Macrorrhiza  Giant Taro Manka- Manakanda, Mahacchada, Mahatpatra, Pankanca
Aloe Vera Linn. , Barbadensis Liliaceae Aloe Vera Kumari- Kanyasara, Ghritakumari,  Kapila 
Alpinia Calcarata Cardamom ginger Rasna 
Alpinia Galanga Willd. Java Glangal Malayavach- Mahabharivaca, Kulaj, Gandhamula 
Alstonia Scholaris Linn. Apocynaceae Devil Tree, Shaitan Wood Sakhara- Ikshu, Rasalah, Bahurasa, Kandekshu 
Alstonia Venenata R. Br. Apocynaceae Poison Devil tree Vishaghni – Anadana, Raja-Adana, Ganda Durva 
Alternanthera Sessilis R. Br. Ex Dc. Sessile joyweed Matsyakshi- Patturah, Nadikalaya 
Althaea Officinalis Marsh mallow Khatmi  
Amarantus Spinosus Amarantaceae Prickly Amaranth Tanduliya- Kandira, Tanduliyaka, Vishaghna 
Amarantus Tristis, Tricolor Linn. Amarantaceae Joseph’s-coat Marisha- Marshika 
Ammania Baccifera Linn.  Blistering Ammania Kurandika- Agni-Garba, Agni-Garva
Amomum Subulatum Roxb. Scitaminaceae Greater Cardamom Elabari – Bahula, Bahugandha, Brihadela,
Amorphophallus Campanulatus Elephant foot yam Kunda- Suran, Arshoghna, Kanda, Kandarha, Suvritta 
Amygdalus Commonis Linn Almond Vatada- Badam, Vatama, Vatad, Vatavairi
Anacardium Occidentale Linn. Anacardiaceae Cashew Nut Vrikkabija- Vrikkabija, Vrikkaphala, Venamra, Shuphahara 
Anacylus Pyrethrum Pellitory, Mount Atlas daisy Akarakarabha – Akallaka, Akarakarabha,
Anamirta Cocculus Levant Berries, Fish Berries, Crow Killer Garalaphala- Kakamari, Kakaphala
Ananas Cosmus Merr., Sativus Linn Pineapple Anannas- Bahnetra 
Andrographis Paniculata Nees Acanthaceae King of Bitters, Chiretta Bhunimba – Kalamegh, Kirta 
Andropogan Vetiveria Linn. Gramineae Vetiver Sugandha Vala-Barhishta, Udichya, Kesha, Ambu, Keshya 
Andropogon Citratus Dc. Lemon Grass Bhustrina 
Andropogon Iwarancusa  Bread grass Lamajjaka  
Andropogon Muricatus Bluestem grass Useera, khuskhus
Anethum Sowa Kurz. , Peucedanum Graveolens Indian Dill (Kind of Fenugreek) Mishreya – Shatavha, Shatapushpa, Mishi, Suvakpushpi,
Angelica Archengelica Linn. Garden angelica, Wild celery Canda- Phalachoura, Taskara, Kitava, Krodhana, Pishuna 
Angelica Glauca Angelica (Root) Granthiparna  
Anisochilus Carnosus Wall. Labiatae Thick-Leaved Lavender Ajapada- Ulpalabheda, Induparni
Anisomeles Malabarica Malabar Catmint Sprikka , Vaikuntha- Valkuntha, Mahadrona, Alamula 
Annona Squamosa Linn. Annonaceae Custard Apple, Sugar Apple Sitaphalam- Krishnabijam Parushphalam, Gandagatra 
Anogeissus Latifolia Wall. Axle Wood Dhyama 
Anthocephalus Indicus A. Rich. , Cadamba Miq. Wild Cinchona, Kadam tree Kadamba- Vrittapushpa, Nip, Lalanapriya, Kadambari  
Antiaris Toxicaria Bark cloth tree Maravuri
Aphanamixis Polystachya Pithraj Tree Rohithaka
Apium Graveolens Celery leaf-cilantro leaf Celery (Shop)
Aquilaria Agallocha Roxb. Thymelacaceae Aloe Wood, Eagle Wood Agni, Loha,  Bhringraj, Agnikashtha, Vanshik,
Arachis Hypogaea Linn. Fabaceae Peanut, Ground Nut, Monkey Nut Bhucanaka- Mandapi
Areca Catechu Linn. Palmae Areca Nut Puga- Kramuka 
Argemone Mexicana Linn. Papaveraceae Yellow Thistle, Mexican Poppy Sarshapa- Sarshapa, Katuka, Sneha, Rakta Sarshapa 
Argyreia Speciosa Sweet, Nervosa Boj., Elephant Creeper Vriddharuka -Vriddha Daru 
Aristolochia Indica Linn. Aristolochiaceae Indian Birthwort Ishvari- Nakuli, Gandhanakuli, Nakulidvaya 
Arringtonia Acutangula Freshwater Mangrove Nichula   
Artemisia Maritima Linn. , Brevifolia Compositae Worm Seed Cauhar- Caurapurva, Parskiyavani, Jantunashan, Corahva 
Artocarpus Communis Forst. , Incisus Linn. F. Bread Fruit Kshudrapanasa 
Artocarpus Hirutus Anjily, Aini Likucham
Artocarpus Intergrifolia Jack fruit tree Panasa
Artocarpus Lakoocha Urticaceae Bread fruit Lakuca- Kshudra Panata, Nikuca, Granthimat Phala, Lakucha
Arundo Donax Linn. Gramineae Reed Nala – Nada, Kushirandhra, Kichak, Vanshavar, Dhaman, 
Asclepias Asthmatica Vomiting Swallow Wort Mulini- Gandhana
Asparagus Racemoses Asparagus  Shathavari 
Asparagus Sarmentosus Willd. Liliaceae Satavar Mahashatavari- Shatavari, Urdhvkantha
Asteracantha Longifiolia Nees, Hygrophila Longifolia Hygrophila, Chulli Kokilaksha- Ikshuraka, Shringali, Shrinkhala, Vajrakantak
Atropa Acuminata Rorle Ex Lindley Indian Belladonna Suci – Sag Angur, Angurshapha, Girbuti, Salakphala
Atropa Belladonna Linn. Solanaceae Deadly Nightshade Sisa Bhasma- Naga Bhasma
Averrhoa Acida Oxalidaceae Country Goose Berry, bilimbi, tree sorrel Nubarse 
Averrhoa Carambola Linn. Oxalidaceae Chinese Gooseberry, Carambola Apple Karmaranga- Karmarak,  Mudgarphala, Mugdarak, Nagaphala 
Avicennia Officinalis White Mangrove Tumbara Vriksha  Vriksha 
Azidiracta Indica A Juss. Meliaceae Indian Lilac, Margosa Tree Nimba- Neem,  Aristaka, Pitasaraka, Arishta, Krimighna 
Azima Tetracantha Needle bush, Bee sting bush Kunthali
NAME OF THE PLANTS STARTING WITH B
MEDICINALPLANT NAMES IN SCIENTIFIC NAMES, ENGLISH AND SANSKRIT
SCIENTIFIC NAMES COMMON NAMES SANSKRIT NAMES
Bacopa / Herpestis Monnieri Pennell Scrophulariaceae Thyme-Leaved Gratiola Brahmi – Sarasvati, Svayambhuvi, Madukamala  
Balanites Aegyptiaca Linn. Desert Date Inguda -Vraksha – Ingudi Vraksha, Kingupatra
Baliospermum Montanum Muell. Arg. , Axillare Wild Castor, Red Physic Nut Danti –  Erandphala,  Dravanti, Visha, Nikumbha
Bambusa Arundinacea Willd., Bambos Gramineae Bamboo Vamsalocana – Vamsarocana, Yavaphal Trinaketa 
Bambusa Bambos Bamboo Tugakshiri  
Barleria Prionitis Linn. Acanthaceae Porcupine flower Kurantaka- Artagala, Sahacara, Kurataka 
Barringtonia Acutangula Indian Oak, Indian Putat Vidula  
Barringtonia Acutangula Gaertn. Myrtaceae Hijjal Hijjala-Vidul, Hijjul, Nadikant, Dirghapatrak, Raktamanjiri,Ambuj
Basella Rubra Linn. Chenopodiaceae Indian Spinach Potaki- Potaka, Matsya, Kali, Sutungika, Putika 
Bauhinia Racemosa Roxb. Leguminosae Mountain Ebony  Kancanara Shveta- Ashmantak, Malukpatra
Bauhinia Tomentosa Linn. Caesalpiniaceae Phalgu, Yellow orchid tree Ashvamantaka – Phalgu 
Bauhinia Variegata Mountain Ebony Ashmantaka 
Belliric Myrobalan Fruit Rind Terminalia Bellirica Beach Almond, Belleric Vibhitaki  
Benincasa Hispida Cogn. , Cerifera Cucurbitaceae White Pumkin , Melon, Ash gourd Kushmanda-Karkotika,  Mahaphala, Pitpushpa 
Berberis Aristata Indian Barberry Kaliyaka, Rasanjana   
Bergera Koenigii (Linn.) Spreng., Murraya Koenigii Curry Leaves Krishnanimba- Kalashaka, Kaidarya 
Blepharis edulis  Utangan Vellurana-വെള്ളുരണ, Sanskrit: Utingana 
Betula Utilis D. Don Cupuliferae Birch, Jacquemon Tree, Papper bark Bhurjapatra- Bhurja, Valkadruma, Sucarma, Bhurjapatrak, Citratvak
Biophytum Candolleanum Biophytum Vasini 
Biophytum Sensitivum Dc. Geraniaceae Touch-me-not Lajjalu- Lakshmana, Alambusha
Bixa Orellana Linn. Bixaceae Arnotta Plant , Aploppas, Lipstic tree Sinduri 
Blepharis Edulis Pers. Acanthaceae Uttanjan Utangan- Utangjan, Utingan 
Blumea Lacera  False Ox Tongue Kukundara- Tamracuda, Sukshmapatra,
Boerhaavia Diffusa Spreading Hogweed Kathila 
Boerhavia Erecta Spreading hogweed-erect Vrishchikali 
Bombax Malabaricum Red cotton tree Shalmali Rasa  
Borassus Flabellifer Toddy palm Panavirala  
Borassus Flabellifera Linn. , Blabelliformis Palmae Palmyra Palm,toddy palm, or sugar palm Tala- Patri, Dhvajadruma, Trunraj, Madhurasa 
Boswellia Serrata Roxb. Burseraceae Indian Olibaum, Indian Frankincense Shallaki- Gajabhakshya, Suvaha, Surabhi 
Brassica Alba Rabehn. Cruciferae White Mustard Sana- Machika, Phalamla, Nali
Brassica Juncea Linn. Cruciferae Brown Mustard , Indian Mustard Rajika- Asuri, Raktika, Rajkshavak, 
Brassica Oleracea Linn. Cruciferae Cabbage Kembuka- Kemuk, Kembu, Supatra, Svalpavitap 
Buchanania Lanzan Spreng. , Latifolia Cuddapa Almond, Charoli Priyala- Kharaskandh, Bahalvalkal
Butea Monosperma Kuntze Frondosa Bastard Teak, flame of forest Palasha – Kimshuka, Raktapushpaka, Ksharashreshtha

 

NAME OF THE PLANTS STARTING WITH C
MEDICINALPLANT NAMES IN SCIENTIFIC NAMES, ENGLISH, AND SANSKRIT
SCIENTIFIC NAMES COMMON NAMES SANSKRIT NAMES
Caesalpinia Sappan Sappan Wood Sappan, kuchandana, lohitha, pathraga
Caesalpinia Bonduc Gray Nicker Yakshakshi  
Caesalpinia Crista Linn. Bonducella Nut, Fever Nut Latakaranja- Puti Karanj, Lata Karanj, Ghrit Karanj, 
Caesalpinia Sappan Linn. Caesalpiniaceae Sappan Wood, Brazil Wood Patrangah- Patanga, Pattaranjaka, Pattanga, Ruktamukta
Cajanus Cajan Mills,  Papilionaceae Pigeon Pea Adhaki-  Shanapushpika, Pitapushpa,  Kulattha, Vakraka 
Calamus Rotang Linn. Palmae Common Rattan palms, Chooral Vetrah- Vetasa 
Callicarpa Macrophylla Vahl. Verbenaceae Beauty berry Priyangu – Phalini, Parnabhedini, Pita, Mangalaya, Vanita 
Calophyllum Inophyllum Linn. Guttiferae Alexandrian Laurel, Pannay Tree Punnaga- Purusha, Rakta Vriksha, Devavallabh
Calotropis Procera Ait. Asclepiadaceae Madder Plant Arka  – Ksheerparna, Shwetarka, Mandar, Vasuka, Alarka, 
Calycopteris Floribunda Lamk. Combretaceae Ukshi Sushavi 
Camellia Sinensis O. Kuntze, Tea Plant Syamaparni- Syamapaarni, Caha 
Canavalia Gladiata Dc., Censiformis Sensu Baker Sword Bean, Broad Bean, Patagonian Bean Asishimbi- Mahashimbi 
Cannabis Indica Linn. , Sativa Urticaceae Indian Hemp, Ganja, greengrass Bhanga-Matulani, Madani, Ganja, Virpatra, Capala, Harshani, Vijaya 
Canscora Decussata Roem. Et. Sch. Gentianaceae Canscora, Winged-Stem Canscora Shanapushpi – Shanaghantika
Capparis Decidua (Forsk.) Edgew., Aphylla Roth Caper Plant Karira- Nishpatrak, Kavira, Karira, Tikshnakantak, Mriduphala
Capparis Sepiaria  Fruit Wild caper bush Nakha  
Capparis Zeylanica Indian caper Vyaghranakha  
Capsicum Annum Linn. Solanaceae Cayenne Katuvira-Raktamar
Cardiaspermum Halicacabum Balloon vine Indravalli
Careya Arborea Roxb. Myrtaceae, Barringtoniaceae Wild Guava Kumbhi 
Carica Papaya Linn. Caricaceae Papaya Erandakarkati 
Carissa Carandus Linn. Apocynaceae Jasmine Flowered Carrisa Karamardi- Sushena, Vanya, Krishnaphala, Karaunda, 
Carom Bulbocastanum   Black cumin seed Krishna Jeeraka 
Carthamus Tinctorius Linn. Compositae Safflower, Parrot Seed, Wild Saffron Kausumbha- Varddhaki, Pita, Alakta, 
Carum carvi White Caraway Seeds Jeera  
Carum Carvi Linn. Umbelliferae Caraway Krishna Jiraka – Krishna, Bhedini,  Jiraka, Sugandha 
Carum Roxburghianum,Nigella Sativa Wild celery-ajamoda Karavi  
Caryota Urens Linn. Palmae Jaggery Palm, Elephant’s Palm  Salap
Casearia Esculanta Roxb. Samydaceae Wild Cowry Fruit Sahacara- Sairyaka
Cassia Absus Linn. Leguminosae Chaksu Cakshushya, Ckara, Kulali, Vanyakulattha 
Cassia Alata Ring worm plant Dadrughna
Cassia Angustifolia Wahl., Senna Linn. India Senna, Tirunevelly Senna Markandika – Svarnapatri, Markandi
Cassia Auriculata Linn. Caesalpiniaceae Mature Tea Tree,Tanner’s Cassia Avartaki- Carmaranga, Vamavarta, Mahajalini, Pitapushpa, Taravar
Cassia Fistula Linn. Caesalpiniaceae  India Laburnum, Purging Cassia Aragvadha – Karna, Dirghaful, Rajvriksha, Shampak 
Cassia Occidentalis Linn. Caesalpiniaceae Negro Coffee Kasamarda- Rajavriksha, Kasaghna, Pitapushpaka
Cassia Tora Linn., Toroides, Fetida, Obtusifol Fetid Cassia, Ringworm Plant Cakramarda-  Dadrughna, Vimarda, Shakunashana  
Castus Verbenaceae Vitex Agnus, Chaste tree Kaunti
Catharanthus Roseus G.Don. , Vinca Rosea Linn. Madagascar Periwinkle Nityakalyani 
Catheranthus Roseus Rosy periwinkle Usha Malari
Cayratia Carnosa Gagnep., Vitis Carnosa Linn. Fox-Grape Gangeruka
Cedrus Deodara. Himalayan Cedar, Daru  Surataru  Devadaru 
Celastrus Paniculata Willd., Cardiospermum Staff Tree, intellect tree Jyotishmati – Kakandaki, Sarasvati, Vrisha
Centella Asiatica Gotu Kola, Indian Pennywort Mandooki  
Centipeda Minima, Orbicularis Lour. Compositae Sneeze Wart Chikkika- Chikkana, Chhikika, Nakachhikkani, Mecheta
Centratherum, Vernonia Anthelminticum Kuntze Purple Fleabane Aranyajiraka – Brihatpali, Sukshmapatra, Aranyajir, Kana 
Ceratophyllum Demersum Linn. Ceratophyllaceae Hornwort Sanapushpi, Brihatpushpi, Shanghatika 
Cerbera Odollam Gaertn. Apocynaceae Dog-Bane, Odallum Tree Auddalaka- Shvanamara 
Chebulic Myrobalan / Terminalia Chebula  Chebulic Myrobalan Abhaya,  Pathya 
Chenopodium Album Linn. Chenopodiaceae Goose Foot, Wild Spinach, White Goosefoot Vastuka- Brihat Bala, Rakta, Cillika 
Chlorophytum Tuberosum Baker Liliaceae White Musli Musali – Khalani, Kanchanpushpika, Mahaviksha 
Chonemorpha Fragrans, Macrophylla (Moon) Frangipani vine Morata -Murva-Moorva  
Cicer Arietinum Linn. Papilionaceae Chicken Pea, Bengal Gram Canaka – Harimantha, Vajimantha, Jivana 
Cinchona Officinalis Linn. Rubiaceae Quinine Bark, Peruvian Bark Sinkona, Kunayaka
Cinnamomum Camphora Nees & Eberm. Lauraceae Camphor Karpura – Ghanasar, Shashank, Candra, Himavaluka, Shila, Indu 
Cinnamomum Tamala Cinnamom- Leaf Patra 
Cinnamomum Tamala Nees & Eberm. Lauraceae Malabar leaf, Indian bark. Tejpatra – Tamalpatra, Patra, Palash, Tamala
Cinnamomum Zeylanicum Breyn., Verum Presl. Cinnamon Tvak-Tamalapatra, Vakala, Shakala, Saihala
Cissampelos Pareira Linn. Menispermaceae Velvet Leaf Laghu Patha – Patha, Ambashtha, Ambashtaki, Dipani
Cissampelos Pariera Cyclea Peltata, velvet leaf Patha   
Cissus, Vitis Quandrangularis Linn., Wall. Vitaceae Bone Setter Asthisamharaka –  Vajravati, Vajrang, Kroshtughantika, 
Cissus Quadrangularis Devil’s Backbone Vajravalli, Asthisamharaka
Citharexylum Subserratum Fiddlewood Parijatha
Citric acid Lemon Juice  Matulunga Swarasa- 
Citrullus Colocynthis Schrad. Cucurbitaceae Bitter Apple Indravaruni – Aindri, Citra, Vishaghni, Peetpushpi, Indravalli
Citrullus Vulgaris Var., Cucurbitaceae Water Melon Dindisha-Romaphala, Sunirmita, Chaya-Pula 
Citrus Acida , Bergamia Ris Et. Poi Rutaceae Lime tree Nimbuka- Vahni, Dipya, Shodhana, Vahnibija
Citrus Aurantifolia (Christm.) Swingle Rutaceae Bitter Orange, Sour Orange, Seville Orange Brihat Jambira Brihat Jambira 
Citrus Aurantium Linn. Rutaceae Common Orange, Sweet Or Chinese Orange Nimbu- Nimbuka 
Citrus Decumana Linn. Rutaceae Pomelo, Shaddock  Shirisha- Sitapushpa, Bhandik, Mridupushpak 
Citrus Limetta W&A.  True Sweet Lime Madhu Karkatika 
Citrus Limonum Burm. Or Sp. Risso. Rutaceae Lemon (Indian ) Jambira- Dantashatha, Jambha-Jambhira-Jambhila  
Citrus Maxima Rutaceae Shaddock,Pomelo Madhukarkai- Ghantalika, Ghata 
Citrus Medica Linn. Rutaceae Citron Tree Bijapuraka – Bijapur, Bijahva, Palapurak, Lunga,  
Citrus Reticulata Rutaceae Loose-Skinned Orange, mandarin orange Narangi- Nagaranga, Goraksha, Yoga Sagara, Airavataphala
Clematis Triloba Heyne. Ranunculaceae Bowstring Hemp Murva – Laghukarni, Madhurasa, Tejani, Triparni, Tikta
Cleome Gynandra , Viscosa Linn.  Dog Mustard Ajagandha – Kharpushpa,  Brahmakarma, Kabari,  Tungi
Clerodendron Inerma Wild Jasmine, Glory Bower Kundali
Clerodendron  Serratum Blue glory, Beetle killer Bharngi,Kharashaka, Barbaraka, Shukramala 
Clerodendrum Infortunatum Linn., Viscosum Vent. Hill glory bower Sthauneya   
Clerodendrum thomsoniae Bleeding-heart Kharashaka, Barbaraka, Shukramala 
Clitorea Ternatea Prickly chaff flower Kinihi  Apamarga 
Clitoria Ternatea Linn. Papilionaceae, Fabaceae Butterfly Pea,Clitoria Aparajita – Katabhi, Dadhipusphika, Vajikhura, , Mahashveta 
Coccinia Grandis little gourd Bimbi
Coccinia Indica Wight & Arun,  Cordifolia Cucurbitaceae Pointed Gourd Bimbi-  Raktaphala, Tundi, Tindikeri, Bimbika,  Piluparni 
Cocculus Hirsutus (Linn.) Diels Parrot Root, moonseed Patal Garudi- Patha, Ambastha, Viddhakarni, Sthapani, 
Coccus Lacca, Kolarakku Lacca 
Cocos Nucifera Linn. Palmae Coconut Tree Sandhya Raga- Krishna Keli
Coix Lacryma-Jobi Linn., L. Lacryma Linn. Poaceae Job’s Tear Gavedhuka- Karshani, Gohihva, Gavedhu
Colchicum Luteum Baker Liliaceae Golden Collyrium Hiranyatutha- Suranjan,  Surinjani Shiri
Coleus Amboinicus Benth., Plectranthus Amboinicus Country Borage, Indian Borage Parnayavani- Karpurvalli, Pashanbhedi 
Coleus Vettiveroides, Plectranthus Vettiveroides  Iruvale Balaka- Vari, Hribera, Pinga, Acamana, Kaca, 
Coleus Vettiveroides- Root Hribera Jala   
Coleus Zeylanicus Iruvale Jaladhyamaka  
Colocasia Esculenta (Linn.) Schott. Araceae Taro Alupam- Alukam-Taro, Cocoyam 
Commiphora Mukul Engl.  Indian Bedellum,Gum Gugal Guggulu-Deodhup, Mahishaksha, Palankash 
Commiphora Wightii Indian bdellium tree Likkata 
Coptis Teeta Wall. Ranunculaceae Gold Thread Mishamitika- Mamira, Pitmula, Shatapushpa
Corallium Rubrum Red Coral  tree Praval Pishti, Mauktika, Taulika, Muktaphala
Corchorus Acutangulus, Aestuans Tiliaceae Wild jute-Mallow leaves Cancu- Cincha, Canchu, Cancuki, Dirghapatra, Satiktata 
Corchorus Capsularis Linn. Tiliaceae Jute Kalashaka-Kalika, Nadika, Patta, Shaka Bheda, Kala  
Cordia Dichotoma Indian cherry, Clammy cherry Sleshmataka, Naruvary
Cordia Wallichii ., Latifolia Roxb. Boraginaceae Sebesten Plum-Valiya naruvary Sariva ,White-Anantamula, Gopa, Dhavalsariva 
Coriandrum Sativum Linn. Umbelliferae Cilantro Leaf Dhanyaka, Catra, Vitunnaka, Chatradhanya, Sugandhi 
Coscinium Fenestratum Gaertn. & Colebr. Black Sandalwood, Tree Turmeric Krishnacandana- Daru-Haridrakam, Darvi, Daruharidra 
Costos Speciosus Creep Ginger Rhizome Chanda   
Costus Speciosus Sm. Scitaminaceae Costus Kemuka- Kebuka, Pushkara, Kashmira, Kembuka
Crataegus Oxycantha Linn. Rosaceae Hawthorn (Berry) Bandhuka-  Arkavallabha, Baandhujivaka 
Crataeva Nurvala Three-Leaved Caper Varuna- Padap, Triparna,  Ashmarighna 
Crateva Religiosa Sacred garlic pear Varuna 
Cressa Cretica Linn. Convolvulaceae Alkaliweeds Rudantika – Rudanti
Crinum Asiaticum Linn. Amaryllidaceae Poison Bulb, Giant Crinum Lily Sudarshana- Vishamandala, Nagadamani, Somavalli- Kalyanasougandikam white
Crocus Sativus Linn. Irideae Saffron Kesaram- Kunkuma, Kumkuma, Bahlika
Crotalaria Juncea Linn. Papilionaceae Sunn Hemp, Brown Hemp Shana, Shankhapushpi – Vishnukranta, Vishnugandhi
Crotalaria Verrucosa Papilionaceae Flax Hemp, Blue Rattlewee Shatavari – Vrishya, Adharkanthika, Supatra, Bahumula,  
Croton Tiglium Linn. Euphorbiaceae Purgative Croton Jayapala- Naepala, Kanakaphala, Dantibheda, Dravanti  
Cubeba Officinalis Tailed pepper Kounti  
Cucumis Melo Var. Memordica Sweet Melon, Musk Melon Cirbhita-Kshetracirbhita, Karkachirbhita, 
Cucumis Sativus Linn. Cucurbitaceae Cucumber Trapusha- Pitapushpi, Kantalu, Tarpuskarkati 
Cucumis Trigonus Roxb. Cucurbitaceae Bitter Gourd Indravaruni -Vishala 
Cucurbita Lagrenaria Linn. Cucurbitaceae White Pumpkin, Bottle gourd Alabu- Tumbi  
Cucurbita Maxima Duchesne. Cucurbitaceae Red Gourd, Red melon Gudaygophala 
Cuminum Cyminum Linn. Umbelliferae Cumin Jiraka- Jaran, Dirghajirak, Ajaji, Sitajaji, Shuklajaji
Cuprum Copper Tamra Bhasma- Shulva,  Udumbara
Curculigo Orchioides Black ground palm Hemapuspi-Talamulika Or  Hemapuspi 
Curculigo Orchioides Gaertn. Amaryllidaceae Black Musale, Golden eye-grass Talamulika- Hemapuspi, Musali 
Curcuma Amada Roxb. Scitaminaceae Mango-Ginger,  White Turmeric Amragandhi Haridra- Amragandha, Kapurharidra, 
Curcuma Angustifolia Roxb. Scitaminaceae Curcuma Starch, Indian Arrowroot Tavakshiri- Payahkshir, Gavayodbhav,  Vanashakshiri
Curcuma Aromatica Salisb. Scitaminaceae Wild Turmeric, Yellow Zedoary Vana-Meshika 
Curcuma Longa Linn., Domestica Scitaminaceae Turmeric Rajani, Gauri, Jayanti,  Nisha, Krimighna 
Curcuma Zedoria Rosc. Scitaminaceae Round Zedoary, White turmeric Shimbi- Simbi, Kushimbi, Kutsa, Purtaka Shimbika
Cuscuta Reflexa Roxb. Convolvulaceae Dodder Amarvalli – Amaravela, Khavalli, Akashvalli, Dusparsha 
Cyamopsis Tetragonoloba Taub., Psoralioides Dc. Cluster Bean, Field Vetch Kshudrashimbi- Gorakshaphalini
Cyathula Prostrata Pasture weed Blume, Apamarga
Cyathula Prostrata ln, Desmochaeta Prostrata Small Prickly Chaff-Flower Plant Raktapamarga 
Cycas Circinalis Linn. Cycadaceae Sago palm, Queen sago Hintala 
Cyclea Peltata (Lam) Hook.F.& Thomas. Buckler-leavedmoon Pashanabheda  
Cymbopogan Martini Palmarosa -Gingergrass Hamsaraja 
Cymbopogon Martinii Wats Rosha Grass, Rusa Grass Dhyamaka- Dhyamaka, Rohisha 
Cympopogon Citratus Ginger grass Karpoora Thruna
Cynodon Dactylon Pers. Gramineae Bermuda Grass Durva-Granthi, Sveta, Bhargavi, Ananta, Golomi 
Cyperus Bulbosus, Nyctanthes Arbor-Tristis Bush onion Plava
Cyperus Esculentus Linn. Cyperaceae Chufa, Tiger Nut, Rush Nut Bhadramusta- Bhadramusta, Nagaramustaka 
Cyperus Rotundus Nut grass Ambodha 

 

NAMES OF THE PLANTS STARTING WITH D
MEDICINALPLANT NAMES IN SCIENTIFIC NAMES – ENGLISH – SANSKRIT
SCIENTIFIC NAMES COMMON NAMES SANSKRIT NAMES
Daemenorops Draco Blume Palmae Dragon’s Blood Raktaniryasa- Raktaniryas
Dalbergia Lanceolaria Takoli Thakkola  
Dalbergia Sissoo Roxb. Papilionaceae Black Wood, Indian Rose Wood Shpriparna- Shriparna, Rajatari, Simsipa
Datura Metal Linn., Stramonium , Alba Nees Solanaceae Thorn Apple Dhattura- Kamaka, Kharjughna, Khala, Kantaphala 
Daucas Carota Linn. Umbelliferae Carrot Garjaram- Shikha Mulam, Garjar, Pindamul, Pitak, Svadumul
Delphinium Denudatum Wall. Ex Hook Nirbishi Nirvimsha- Nirvisha, Upavisha, Vishaha
Dendrobium Macraei Jivanti Jivanti    
Dendrophthoe Falcata , Loranthus Coriaceus Mistletoe- Parasite Vandaka- Vrikshadani, Vandak, Vriksharuha, Shekhari 
Desmodium Gangeticum Dc. Leguminosae Desmodium Shringa, Sthira  Shalaparni  
Desmodium Gyrans Praying plant Namaskari
Desmodium Triflorum (Linn.) Dc. Fabaceae Tick Clover Tripadi 
Desmostachya Bipinnata Staff Sacrificial Grass Kusha- Sucyagra, Rhasvakush, Brahmapavitra, Tikshna 
Dichrostachys Cinerea (Linn), Mimosa Cinerea sicklebush, Bell mimosa, Chinese lantern tree Vellantara- Virataru
Digitalis Purpurea Linn. Scrophulariaceae Foxglove Tilapushpi- Hatapatri
Dillena Pentagyna Karmal, Dog Teak Bhavya
Dillenia Indica Linn. Dillenisceae Chalta Avartaki- Bhavya
Dioscorea Alata Linn. Dioscoriaceae Greater Yam, Asiatic Yam Alukam 
Dioscorea Bulbifera Linn. Dioscoriaceae Yam, Air potato Barahi- Keyura, Svalpa, Vitapa, Kenduka, Svadu Kandala 
Dioscorea Esculenta Dioscoriaceae Yam-small, Lesser Yam Madhvalu 
Diospyros Malabarica (Desr.) Kostel. , Peregrina Indian Persimmon , Gaub Tinduki 
Diospyros Tomentosa Roxb. Ebenaceae Gaub Tree , Ebony Tinduka-  Atimuktak, Sphurjak, Tushta,  
Dipterocarpus Alatus Roxb. Dipterocarpaceae Wood Oil Tree Ashvakarna- Jarandrum, Dirghparna, 
Dolichos Biflorus Linn. , Vigna Unquiculata Horse Gram Kulastha- Khalakula, Lulatha, Kulittha, Tamrabija 
Dolichos Lablab Linn. Flat Bean , Goa Bean , Indian Bean Shukti
Dryhnaria Quercifolia , Polypodium Quercifolium Basket ferns Ashvakatri 
Dysoxylum Beddomei Ill smell wood Aguru

 

MEDICINAL PLANTS IN SCIENTIFIC NAMES – STARTING WITH E
MEDICINALPLANT NAMES IN SCIENTIFIC NAMES – ENGLISH – SANSKRIT
SCIENTIFIC NAMES COMMON NAMES SANSKRIT NAMES
Eclipta Alba Hassk., Prostrata Linn. Compositae False Daisy Bhringaraja – Bhringaraj, Bhrngaraja, Markava, Kesharanjana
Ehretia Laevis Roxb. Boraginaceae Chamror Carmakasha 
Elaeocarpus Sphaericus (Gaertn.) K. Schum. Utrasum-Bead Tree Rudraksha 
Elephantopus Scaber Linn. Compositae Elephant’s Foot, Prickly Leaves Gojihva – Hastipadi 
Elettaria Cardamomum Maton Scitaminaceae Cardamom (Small) Ela – Sukshmaila, Candrabhaga, Nishkuti,  Triputi 
Eleusine Coracana (Linn.) Gaertn. Finger Millet, Indian Millet Nrityakundala -Narttaka, Ragi, Soma, Rajika, Krishna
Embelia Ribes False Black Pepper Krumihara  
Emblica Officinalis Indian Goose Berry Amla 
Emilia Sonchifolia (Linn.) Dc. Asteraceae lilac tasselflower Shashasruthy,
Enhydra Fluctuans Lour. Compositae Helencha, Marsh Herb, Water Cress Matsyakshi- Balika, Matsyagandhi, Matsyadani
Enicostemma Axillare Gentianaceae  White Head Nagajihva- Mamajjaka, Nahi 
Ephedra Vulgaris Rich., Gerardiana Ephedraceae Ephedra, Joint-pine, Jointfir, Mormon-tea Somalata – Soma 
Erianthus Arundinaceum Devil Sugarcane, Jeswiet  Darbhamoola  
Erythrina Indica Lam. Papilionaceae Indian Coral Tree, Moochy Wood Tree Paribhadra- Mimbataru, Mandalia, Parijataka, Palitmandar
Eucalyptus Citriodora Hoek. Myrtaceae Eucalyptus Tailparni- Sugandhapatra, Haritparni, Raktaniryas 
Eugenia Jambolana Jambul Jambu-Bija Majja  
Eupatorium Triplinerve Vahl., Ayapan Compositae Ayapana Tea Ayapanam 
Euphorbia Antiquorum Linn. Euphorbiaceae Square milk hedge, Antique Spurge Vajrakantaka- Tridhara, Vajratundi 
Euphorbia Dracunculoides Lam. Euphorbiaceae Dragon Spurge Sahadevi-Jvarhara, sankhini, saptala
Euphorbia Hirta Linn., Pilulifera Euphorbiaceae Asthma Weed, Snake Weed Dugadhika- Dugdhika, Nagarjuni, Svaduparni, Vikshirini
Euphorbia Neriifolia Linn., Ligularia Roxb. Milkhedge Snudhi- Snuhi, Vajra, Vigri, Patrasnuk, Mahavriksha
Euphorbia Tirucalli Pencil plant Vajradruma
Evolvulus Alsinoides Linn. Convolvulaceae Dankuni Plant, Slender Dwarf Morning Glory Shaivala- Jalanili, Sheval, Jalaj, Shevalum

 

NAME OF THE PLANTS STARTING WITH – F
MEDICINALPLANT NAMES IN SCIENTIFIC NAMES – ENGLISH – SANSKRIT
SCIENTIFIC NAMES COMMON NAMES SANSKRIT NAMES
Fagonia Cretica, Arabica Linn.  Khorasan Thorn Dhanvayasa, Duralabha, Samudranta, Rodini ,Kacchura
Farnesiana Willd. Fabaceae  Cassia Flower, Sponge Tree Arimeda- Sarpameda-Godha, Ripu-Rima, Ahimeda,
Feronia Limonia, Limonia Acidissima Linn. Rutaceae Elephant Apple, Wood Apple Kapittha- Kapitthaka, Dadhiphala, Surabhicchada
Ferula Foetida Regel, Asafoetida Linn. Umbelliferae Asafoetida Hingu- Sahastravedhi, Jatuk, Balhik, Bhutnasan, Sulanasan
Flacourtia Fragrans Governor’s Plum Vrukshah
Ficus Arnottiana Miq. Moraceae, Urticaceae Indian Rock Fig Plaksha- Kapitana, Parisha 
Ficus Bengalensis Banyan tree Nyagrodha,Vatavriksha 
Ficus Bengalensis Linn. Urticaceae Banyan Tree Vata- Nyagrodha, Sriksha, Bahupada, Shikhandin, Skandaja 
Ficus Carica Fig Phalgumoola   
Ficus Gibbosa/Microcarpa Dye Fig Plaksha 
Ficus Hispida Hairy Fig, devil fig Phalgu   
Ficus His idea Linn. Urticaceae Rough leaved fig, Creeping fig Kakodumbara- Malayu, Kathina, Thondi 
Ficus Microcarpa Linn.F. Moraceae Indian Laurel, Curtain fig Patala -Krishnavrinta, Madhuduti, Allivallabha, 
Ficus Racemosa Linn., Glomerata Cluster Fig, Country Fig Udumbara-  Kshirvriksha, Kalaskandha, Sheetvalka 
Ficus Religiosa Linn. Urticaceae Sacred Fig, Peepal Tree Ashwaththa – Pippala, Shrivriksha, Sevya, Asvatha, 
Flacourtia Jangomas Flacourtiaceae Indian plum, coffee plum Pracinamalak- Praci, Nagara, Raktaka 
Flacourtia Jangomas Rausch. Flacourtiaceae Puneala Plum Vikankata- Srivavriksha, Sruvavriksha 
Flacourtia Ramoutchi Fam. Governor’s Plum Vikankata-Srivavriksha, Granthil, Svadukantak, 
Foeniculum Vulgare Mill., Anethum Foeniculum Linn.  Fennel Shimâapa- Mahashyama, Tikshnasara, Shinshapa
Fritillaria Roylei Kakoli Payasya, Kakoli  
Fumaria Indica Pungsley, Parviflora, Vaillantii Common Fumitory Parpata – Carak, Renu, Trishnari, Kharak, Varmakantak, 
NAME OF THE PLANTS STARTING WITH – G
MEDICINALPLANT NAMES IN SCIENTIFIC NAMES – ENGLISH – SANSKRIT
SCIENTIFIC NAMES COMMON NAMES SANSKRIT NAMES
Garcinia Gummi-Gutta /Garcinia Indica Pot tamerind Vriksha- Vrikshamla
Garcinia Morella Desr. Guttiferae Indian Gamboge Kantakari – Dusparsha, Bahukanta, Kantalika,
Garcinia Pedunculata Roxb.  Indian Rhubarb Amlavetasa – Vedhu, Rasamla, Viravetas, Vetasamla, Amlasar 
Garcinia Xanthochymus Hook. Guttiferae Saptrees, False mangosteen Tamala- Tapiccha, Kalaskandha, Asita Druma
Gardenia Gummifera Linn. F. Rubiaceae Dikamali-Gum Gardenia , Cambi Resin Hingunadika – Jantuka, Ramathi, Vanshapatri, Pindahva
Gardenia Turgida Roxb. Rubiaceae Nanjundam Pindara- Karahata, Tikshnakala, Kurangaka 
Garuga Pinnata Roxb. Burseraceae Garuga Krishnamlika, Golika
Gentiana Kurroo Royle. Gentianaceae Indian Gentian , Chiretta Trayamana ,Trayanti  
Gigantic Swallow Wort-Calotropis  Mudar Bowstring Hemp  Alarka –  Tulaphala, Kshirparna,  Madnar, Shuklarka, 
Gisekia Pharnaceoides Linn. Ficoidaceae Sand Herbage Valika- Valuka, Kandaka, Valu 
Gloriosa Superba Linn. Liliaceae Superb Lily, Wolf’s Bane, Glory Lily Kalikari – Vahnimukhi, Langali,  Vishalya, Halini, Shiri,   
Glycosmis Arborea (Roxb.) Dc. Rutaceae Orange berry or Gin berry Kupilu- Kupilu, Ashvashakhota 
Glycyrrhiza Glabra Linn. Papilionaceae Licorice (Root) Yashtimadhu- Madhuka, Yashti,  Atirasa,  Madhuparni
Gmelina Arborea Linn. Verbenaceae Candhar Tree,Coomb Teak,Cashmeri Tree Gambhari – Mahabhava, Shriparni, Madhupamika (‍)
Gossypium Arboreum Linn. Malvaceae Silk Cotton Tree, Indian Tree Cotton Karpasa- Karpasi, Patashula, Chandani, Vadara, Picu 
Gossypium Dc. Cochlospermaceae Yellow-Flowered Cotton Tree Girishalmalika- Shilakarpasika
Grewia Asiatica Linn. Tiliaceae Falsa Parushaka- Parushak, Nilparna, Giripilu, Alpagasthi 
Grewia Hirsuta Vahl Tiliaceae Gulsakri, Kukurbicha Nagabala -Mahabala, Kharagandha, Catuhphala, Mahoday
Grewia Populifolia Tiliaceae Jew Mallow Gangeruki- Mahabala, Nagabala, Kharagandha
Grewia Tiliaefolia Vahl. Tiliaceae Dhaman Dhanvana- Raktakusum, Dhanurvriksha, Mahabal, Rujapaha
Guizohia Abyssynica Cass. Niger Seed, Kersani Seed Ramtil- Kala-Til
Gymnema Sylvestre Br. Asclepiadaceae Periploca of The Woods Shati 
Gynandropsis Gynandra Capparidaceae Caravalla Seeds,Shona cabbage Tilaparni-Ajagandha, Kharpushpa

 

NAMES OF THE PLANTS STARTING WITH – H
MEDICINALPLANT NAMES IN SCIENTIFIC NAMES – ENGLISH – SANSKRIT
SCIENTIFIC NAMES COMMON NAMES SANSKRIT NAMES
Habenaria Intermedia D.Don Orchidaceae Vrddhi Vriddhi
Haldina Cordifolia Roxb. Rubiaceae Adina Haridru- Haridruka, Pitadaru,  Dhulikadamb, Pitkashtha
Hedychium Spicatum Ham. Scitaminaceae Spiked Ginger Lily Shankhini- Kambumalini 
Helianthus Annuus Linn. Asteraceae Sunflower Adityabhakta-Adityabhakta, Suryamukhi, Arkakantha 
Helicteres isora East Indian Screw Tree Avartani- Avartaphala, Rangalata, Vamavarta, Tindukini 
Heliotropium Indicum Linn. Boraginaceae Heliotrope, Indian Turnsole Vrishcikali, Srihastini, Suryavarta, Hastisunda
Helleborus orientalis subsp.orientalis  Hellebore Kutki 
Hemidesmus Indicus Schult. Asclepiadaceae Indian Sarsaparilla Shakah- Bhumisarah, Kharacchada, Bhumiruha
Hemigraphis Colorata  Red-flame ivy Parnabeeja, Vranaropani
Hibiscus Abelmoschus Linn., Abelmoschus Moschatus  Musk Mallow Latakasturikam- Gandapura, Zatakasturika
Hibiscus Aculeatus, Furcatus Roxb. Malvaceae Comfortroot Shashashruti
Hibiscus Cannabinus Linn. Malvaceae Brown Indian Hemp, Jute, Deccan Hemp Satala- Virala, Sari, Saptala, Bahuphenaka
Hibiscus Esculentus Linn.  Okra, ladies finger Bhenda-  Karnaphala, Bhinda, Astrapatraka, , Gandhamula,  
Hibiscus Populnea Linn. Malvaceae Portia Tree, Tulip Tree Gardha Bhanda- Parisa, Suparashvaka 
Hiptage Benghalensis (Linn.), Madablota Gaertn. Clustered Hiptage, Helicopter Flower Madhavi- Madhavipuspa, Muktaka, Atimuktaka, Karmukta
Holarrhena Antidysenterica (White) Wall. Apocynaceae Conessi Bark, Easter tree, Kurchi Kutaja- Shakra, Vatsaka, Indrayava, Indravriksha
Holestemma Annularis  Ada-Koden- Adapathiyan Jeevanthi   
Holoptelea Integrifolia Planch. Urticaceae Indian Elm, Kanju Ciribilva- Prakirya, Chirbilva, Putikaranj, Putik(‍)
Holostemma Annularis, Asclepias Asclepiadaceae Ada-koden-Adapathiyan Arkapushpi-Khseerini, Jalakama, Abhirandika
Homonoia Riparia Lour. Euphorbiaceae Attuvanch, Willow water crotoni Jalavetasa- Vetasa, Pashanabedaka  
Hordeum Vulgare Barley   Yavakshara 
Hugonia Mystax Linn. Linaceae Climbing Flax Kamsamara 
Hydnocarpus Laurifolia Sleumer, Wightiana Blume.  Jangli Almond, Marothi Tree, Chaulmugra Tuvaraka- Tuvarak, Katukapittha, Kunthavairy
Hydrocotyle Asiatica Linn. Umbelliferae Indian Pennywort , Gotu Kola Mandukaparni- Manduki, Ekuparni, Brahmamanduki 
Hygrophila (Root)- Asteracantha Longifolia Hygrophila, Marsh Barbel Chulli   
Hyocyamus niger Henbane, stinking nightshade Kusha rani 
Hyocyamus Reticulatus Linn., Niger Solanaceae Henbane, Black Henbane Paribhadra Paribhadra
Hyssopus Officinalis Hyssop Jupha 

 

NAMES OF THE PLANTS STARTING WITH – I
MEDICINALPLANT NAMES IN SCIENTIFIC NAMES – ENGLISH – SANSKRIT
SCIENTIFIC NAMES COMMON NAMES SANSKRIT NAMES
Ichnocarpus Frutescens (Linn.) Black Creeper Ulpalashariba- Palindi, Shyamala, Sariva, Krishna Sariva
Ichonocarpus Fruiticosa Milk vine Krishna Saripa
Illicium Verum Hook.F. Magnoliaceae Star Anise of China Takkolaka
Indicum Malvaceae Abutilon  Bala 
Indigofera Aspalathoides Vahl. Papilionaceae Indigo plant Shvetanirvisha- Nirvisha 
Indigofera Tinctoria Linn. Papilionaceae True Indigo, Dyer’s Indigo, Indian Indigo Nilini- Tutya, Radni, Kalika, Shyama, Shodhani 
Inula Helenium Linn. , Iris Florentina Compositae Elecampane Orris Root, Wild Sunflower Pushkaramula -Pushkara, Kaimavati, Shvetavaca 
Inula Racemosa Hook.F. Asteraceae Pushkar Paushkaram- Pushkaram
Ipomea Mauritiana Giant potato Vira
Ipomoea Batatas (Linn.) Lam. Sweet Potato Pindalu- Raktalu 
Ipomoea Digitata Linn. Convolvulaceae Wild Yam Vidari-Kshirakanda, Payasvini, Kshiravidari
Ipomoea Hederacea Auct. Non Jacq. Morning Glory, (Blue) Krishnabija- Kaladana 
Ipomoea Mauritiana Jacq., Paniculata R. Br. Giant Potato Kshiravidari 
Ipomoea Perscaprae (Linn.) R.Br, Biloba Forssk. Goat’s Food Creeper Maryadavalli- Sagaramekhala, Bastranti, Chagalantri
Ipomoea Reniformis Chois. Convolvulaceae Mouse Ear Wort Shubhashreni, Krushika, Dravanti,  Sukarni 
Ipomoea Sepiaria Roxb., Acut.Non (Linn.F.)  Heart leaf glory Lakshmana 
Ipomoea Turpethum Linn., Operculina Ipomoea  Indian Jalap, Turpeth Trivrit –  Kumbha, Triputa, Tamrapushpika, Kasanashika
Iris Vesicolor Thunb., Germanica Linn. Iridaceae Oris Root Haimavati Vaca- Haimavati Vaca, Parasikavaca 
Ixora Coccinea Linn. Rubiaceae Jungle Geranium, Sacred Ixora Parasika Yavani- Parasik Khurasani, Yavahva, 

 

NAMES OF THE PLANTS STARTING WITH – J
MEDICINALPLANT NAMES IN SCIENTIFIC NAMES – ENGLISH – SANSKRIT
SCIENTIFIC NAMES COMMON NAMES SANSKRIT NAMES
Jasmin Auriculata Vahl. Oleaceae Needle Flower Jasmine Yuthika-  Pushpagandha, Ganojjvala, Ganika 
Jasminum Angustifolium (Linn.) Willd. Oleaceae Wild Jasmine Asphota- Vanamallika, Priya, Supurja, Malati, Vanamalti 
Jasminum Arborescens Roxb. Oleaceae Tree Jasmine Nagamalli- Madhumadavi, Navakallika
Jasminum Grandiflorum Linn. Oleaceae Spanish Jasmine Jati- Jatik, Manognya, Sumana, Rajputri, Priyamvada,   
Jasminum Humile Linn., Chrysanthemum Roxb. Oleaceae Yellow jasmine Suvarnjuthica- Hemapushpika 
Jasminum Sambac Ait. Oleaceae Arabian Jasmine, Tuscan Jasmine Mallika- Varshiki, Vaarshiki 
Jatropa Multifida  Coral Plant, Coral bush Snuhi, Karikolpatta
Jatropha Curcas Linn. Euphorbiaceae Angular Curved Physic Nut, Purging Nut Dravanti – Kanana-Eranda, Parvata-Yeranda 
Juglans Regia Linn. Juglandaceae Walnut, Persian Walnut Akshoda-  Parvatiya, Kandaral,  Vrittaphala, Rekhaphala 
Juniperus Communis Linn. Cupressaceae, Coniferae Juniper (tree) Hapusha- Vapusha, Vistra, Para,  Plihahantri, Vishghni
Justica Adhatoda Linn. Acanthaceae Malabar Nut Vasaka – Vasa, Vasaka, Vasika, Vajidanta, Sinhasya 
Justicia Beddomei (Clarke) Bennet Acanthaceae Small Malabar nut Vasha 
Justicia Gendarussa Burm.F.  willow-leaved justicia Vataghni- Vataghni, Nila-Nirgundi, Krishna Nirgunda 

 

NAMES OF THE PLANTS STARTING WITH – K
MEDICINALPLANT NAMES IN SCIENTIFIC NAMES – ENGLISH – SANSKRIT
SCIENTIFIC NAMES COMMON NAMES SANSKRIT NAMES
Kaempferia Galanga Linn. Zingiberaceae Aromatic ginger,Kencur Shigru-  Haritshak, Danshamula, Shigruka, Laghupatra
Kaempferia Rotunda Linn.& K.Longa. Scitaminaceae Indian Crocus Bhumicampaka- Bhucampaka, Hallaka 
Kaempreria Galanga kencur,sand ginger (Kacholam) Gandhamoola 
Kalanchoe Pinnata  life plant, miracle leaf Parnabeeja
Kyllinga Nemoralis Dandy. Ex Hutch, Monocephala White water sedge Sarpakshi-  Nakuli, Dhavalavitapa, Sarpangi, 

 

NAMES OF THE PLANTS STARTING WITH – L
MEDICINALPLANT NAMES IN SCIENTIFIC NAMES – ENGLISH – SANSKRIT
SCIENTIFIC NAMES COMMON NAMES SANSKRIT NAMES
Laccifer Lacca Shell lac Laksha -Laksharasa  
Lagenaria Siceraria Standle. , Vulgaris Cucurbitaceae Bottle Gourd Ikshvaku- Katu Tumbi, Alabu, Tiktalabu, Ikshyaku 
Lannea Grandis Engl. , Odina Woodier Roxb. Wodier, Jhingam Jingini – Gudamanjari, Jaiasara,  Suniryasa, Ajashringi,   
Lantana Camara Linn. , Aculeata Verbenaceae Wild Sage, Lantana Weed Caturangi- Vanacchedi 
Lathyrus Aphaca Linn. Papilionaceae Yellow pea Kalaya – Khandika
Lathyrus Sativus Linn. Papilionaceae Chicken Vetch Triputa-Kshudra Khandika
Launaea Aspleniifolia Hook. Compositae Balrajkonda Gojika, Gobhi, Darvika, Svaraparnini
Lawsonia Alba Lam., Inermis Linn. Lythraceae Henna (Persian Red) Egyptian Priven Mendhi- Mendika, Raktagarba, Madayantika
Lens Esculenta Moench., Culinaris Medikus Lentils Masura- Bheda, Masurika, Mandukaparni
Lepidium Iberis Cruciferae Papergrass Todari- Kantavriksha, Laghuphala, Picchilbija, Masurbija
Lepidium Sativum Linn. Cruciferae Garden Cress , Water Cress Candrashura- Ahaliva, Candrika
Leptadenia Reticulata W&A. Asclepiadaceae Jivanti Jiva, Jivaniya, Yashaskari, Shakashreshtha, Jivabhadra, 
Leucas Cephalotus Spreng. Aspera Link Labiatae Thumbai plant Dronapushpi- Phalepushpa, Chota-Kalkusha
Limnophila Aromatica (Linn.) Merr. Rice paddy herb Amragandha 
Linum Usitatissimum Linn. Linaceae Flax Plant, Linseed Atasi- Picchila, Medagandha,  Masruna, Suvalkala
Lippia Nodiflora Mich , Phyla Nodiflora Linn. Purple Lippia Jalapippali- Toyapippali, Jalapippalika, Shakuladini
Liquid Amber Orientalis Mill. Hamamelidaceae Oriental Sweet Gum , Liquid Amber Sihlaka- Turushka
Litsea Chinensis Lam. Lauraceae Batikuling Medasaka-Karkameda, Medalakadi, Medalakavi, Meda
Lodoicea Sechellarum , Maldivica Pers. Arecaceae Sea Coconut Palm , Double Coconut Palm Arkaraga- Agnijara, Abdhinarikela
Ludwigia Octovalvis (Jacq.) Raven  Water-purslane, Primrose Willow Bhulavanga- Bhallavianga 
Luffa Acutangulata Linn. Cucurbitaceae Ribbed Gourd Koshataki-Dhamargava, Jhingaka, Koshavati, Karkoti 
Luffa Amara Roxb. , Plucketiana , Foetida Ridged gourd, Sponge gourd Katuki- Kratavedhana, Tiktakoshataki 
Luffa Cylindrica Linn. Cucurbitaceae Wash Sponge , Sponge Gourd  Dhamargava- Mahakoshataki, Mahajalini, Dhamargav
Luffa Echinata Roxb. Cucurbitaceae Bristly Luffa Jimutaka-  Kantaphala, Ghora, Karkati,  
Lycopersicum Esculentum Mill. Tomato Raktamaci
Lycopodium Clavatum Linn. Lycopodiaceae Clubmoss Spores Bendarli 

 

NAMES OF THE PLANTS STARTING WITH – M
MEDICINALPLANT NAMES IN SCIENTIFIC NAMES – ENGLISH – SANSKRIT
SCIENTIFIC NAMES COMMON NAMES SANSKRIT NAMES
Madhuca Indica Indian Butter Tree Madhuka- Tikshna, Sara, , Madhu Druma
Madhuca Longifolia Linn. , Bassia Longifulia South Indian Mahua Madhuka- Madhuk, Tikshnasar 
Malaxis Acuminata D.Don , Microstylis Wallichii Jivak Jivaka    
Mallotus Philippinensis Muell.-Arg. Euphorbiaceae Indian Kamala Kampillaka – Raktang, Rechi, Rechanak, Lohitanga,  
Malva Sylvestris Linn. Malvaceae Common Mallow Brahmasuvarcala
Mandragora Officinalum Linn. Mandrake, Devil’s Apples Putrada- Lakshamana, Raktavindu
Mangifera Indica Mango Seed,  Amra Amra- Bija Majja, Chootabija  
Mangifera Indica Linn. Anacardiaceae Mango, Spring Tree Amra-  Kamashar, Madhavdruma, Bhringubhishta, 
Manihot Esculenta Crantz, Utilissima Pohl Tapioca Darukanda- Kalpakanda 
Maranta Arundinacea Linn. Scitaminaceae Arrow Root Tavakshiri
Marsdenia Tenacissima Wight. & Am. Rajmahal hemb Murva- Madhusrava, Madhurasa 
Marselia Minuta Marsiliaceae Four-leaf clover, Pepperwort Sushena- Svastika, Tilaparnika, Sunishanna
Marsilea Quadrifolia Linn. Marsiliaceae Four Leaf Clover Sunishanna – Catushpatri
Melaleuca Leucadendron Linn. , Cajuputy , Minor Cajuput Tree Kayaputi (Hindi)
Mentha Arvensis Linn. Labiatae Corn Mint, wild mint Pudina- Puthea 
Mentha Piperita Linn. Labiatae Peppermint Phudina- Gamathi Phudra 
Mentha Spicia (Spicate), Viridis, Sylvestris Linn. Spearmint Putiha- Rocani Phudino
Merremia Emarginata (Burm.F.) Hall.F. Mouse Ear Wort Akhukarni-Mushika parni 
Merrimia Tridentata, Arrow-leaf Morning Glory Talanili or Prasarini 
Mesua Ferrea Linn., Nagassarium-Guttiferae  Iron Wood Tree, Cobra’s Saffron Nagakeshara –  Kinjalka, Nagakinjalka,  Nagapushpa,   
Mesua Ferrea Stamen Cylon iron wood Keshara  Nagakeshara 
Michelia Champaca Linn. Magnoliaceae Golden or Yellow Champa Champaka- Kusuma, Suvarna 
Microstylis Wallichii- Root Dubard Rishabhaka
Mimosa , Albizzia Amara Boivin. Bitter Albizia Krishna Sirish 
Mimosa Pudica Linn. Leguminosae Sensitive Plant Lajjalu-Shamipatra, Samanga, Anjalikarika, Namaskari
Mimosa Pudica, Biophytum Sensitivum Linn. Touch Me Not Plant   Samanga  
Mimusops Elengi Linn. Sapotaceae Bullet-Wood Tree Bakula- Sinhakesara 
Mirabilis Jalapa Linn. Nyctaginaceae Four O’clock Flower Sadapaha- Somalata
Mollugo Cerviana Ser. Ficoidaceae Slender Carpetweed Phanya- Grishmasundara, Parpataka 
Momordica Charantia Linn. Cucurbitaceae Bitter Gourd, Carilla Fruit Karavella- Karavellika, Sushavi, Angarvelli, Pacaru 
Momordica Cochinchinensis Spreng. Cucurbitaceae Gac Vandhya- Vandhyakarkotaki, Devi, Kumari 
Monochoria Vaginalus Oval Leaf Pondweed Neelolpala
Moringa Concanensis Moringaceae Drum stick  Madhushigru 
Moringa Oleifera Lam., Pterygosperma Gaertn. Horse Radish, Drumstick Plant Shritala 
Morus Alba Linn. Urticaceae White Mulberry Tuda- Tuta, Sthul, Brahmadaru, Madhupippali, Tula 
Mucuna Pruriens Dc.,  Dolicos Pruriens Papilionaceae Cow-itch Plant, Cow hage Kapikacchu –  Atmagupta, Markati, Durabhigraha, 
Muehlenbeckia Platy Clados Tapeworm Plant, Ribbon bush, Centipede Plant Vishaghni
Mukia Maderaspatana (Linn.) Roem. Rough Bryony Trikoshaki – Kritarandhra 
Murraya Koengii Nimba  Curry tree Surabhi  
Murraya paniculata Orange Jasmine Murraya Cambogia 
Musa Paradisiaca Linn. , Sapientum Scitaminaceae Plantain, Banana Kadali- Vana Lakshmi, Rambha, Mochaka, Svaduphala,  
Mussaendra Frondosa Linn. , Flavescens Rubiaceae Wild mussaenda Shankhapushpi – Kshirpushpi
Myrica Carifera Myricaceae Bayberry, Wax Myrtle Katuka – Katurohini, Cakrangi, Matsyapitta, Shataparva, Tikta, 
Myrica Nagi Thunb., Sapida, Cerifera Myricaceae Box Myrtle, Bayberry Katphala – Ramapatri, Katphala, Somavalka, Kumudika, 
Myristica Fragrans Houtt. Myristicaceae Nutmeg Jatiphala- Jatiphala, Jatikosha, Malatiphala, Shaluka, Majasar,  
Myristica Malabarica Lam. Myristicaceae Bombay Mace, False Nutmeg Gostani- Vanyajati, Kamuk, Malati 
Myxopyrum Serratulum A.W.Hill Oleaceae Myxopyrum,Chaturamulla Hemamalati- Caturdharalata 

 

NAMES OF THE PLANTS STARTING WITH – N
MEDICINALPLANT NAMES IN SCIENTIFIC NAMES – ENGLISH – SANSKRIT
SCIENTIFIC NAMES COMMON NAMES SANSKRIT NAMES
Naravelia Zeylanica (Linn.) Dc. Naravelia Dhanavalli 
Nardostachys Jatamamsi Dc Indian Spikenard, Musk Root Jatamamsi – Bhutajata, Sulomasha, Nalada,
Naregamla Alata W&A. Meliaceae Goanese Ipecac Amlavalli- Triparnika 
Nelumbium Speciosum Willd. , Nucifera Nymphaeaceae Sacred Lotus Kamala- Svetakamala, Pankaja, Shatapatra, Padma, Bisa
Nelumbo Nucifera Druce Nymphaeaceae Sacred Lotus, Indian Lotus, Chinese Lotus Padma-Kamalam, Pathoj, Kamal, Padma, Nalin, Ambhoj 
Neptunia Oleracea Lour. Mimosaceae Sensitive Water Plant Alambusha 
Nerium Indicum Mill. , Odorum Soland. Apocynaceae Indian Oleander, Rose Berry Karavira-Hyamaar, Ashvamaar,  Hayaghna,
Nervilia Aragoana Gand Tall Shield Orchid Padmacharini
Nicotiana Tabacum Linn. Solanaceae Tobacco Tamakhu 
Nigella Sativa Linn. Ranunculaceae Small Fennel, Nigella Seed, Black Cumin Upakuncika- Dipya, Kali, Manodnya  
Nilgirianthus Ciliatus (Nees) Bremek. Acanthaceae Sahachara, kurinji Shivanil 
Nyctanthes Arbor-Tristis Linn. Oleaceae Night Jasmine, Coral Jasmine Paripela- Parijata, Plava, Vanya, Shukahva, Paripelaka
Nymphaea Alba Linn.Castalia Alba Nymphaeaceae White Water Lily Kairavini- Kairavini, Kumudvati, Kumuda, Kairvini,  
Nymphaea Stellata, Euryale Ferox Nymphaeaceae Water-Lily Kumuda- Kalhar,  Vajimar,  Shatakunda, Nilotpala 

 

NAMES OF THE PLANTS STARTING WITH – O
MEDICINALPLANT NAMES IN SCIENTIFIC NAMES – ENGLISH – SANSKRIT
SCIENTIFIC NAMES COMMON NAMES SANSKRIT NAMES
Ochrocarpus Longifolius Benth. & Hook. F. Guttiferae Alexandrian Laurel Surpunnag- Nameru, Sureshta,Surtunga, Punnaga
Ocimum Gratissimum Linn., Frutescens Labiatae Shrubby Basil Ajeka- Vantulasi 
Ocimum Sanctum Linn. Labiatae Holy Basil, Tulsi Tulasi-Vrinda, Svarasa, Bhutabhni, Gouri, Manjari 
Oldenlandia Corymbosa Linn. , Biflora, Herbacea Two-Flowered Indian Madder Kshetra Parpata  Kshetra Parpata
Oldenlandia Herbacea Linn. Rubiaceae Hedyotis Chayaparpatika  
Onosma Bracteatum Wall. Boraginaceae Lesanusour Gojihva- Kharapatra, Karvipatra, Vrishajihva, Gajaban, 
Operculina Turpethum   St. Thomas Lidpod  Root Trivrit, Tigade, Nishotha 
Ophiorrhiza Mungos Linn. Rubiaceae Mongoose Plant Saptala- Satala, Carmasahva, Sarpakshi
Opuntia Dillenii Haw. , Cactus Indicus Cactaceae Prickly Pear, Indian fig opuntia, barbary fig Vidara Vishvasaraka  Round
Orchis Mascula Linn., Latifolia Orchidaceae Salep Orchid Shyonaka-  Aralu, Shukanasa, Ruksha, Katvanga, Katanbhar, 
Oroxylum Indicum Vent. Bignoniaceae Indian Trumpet Tree Sauvira- Anjana, Krishna, Kalanila, Suviraja
Oryza Sativa Linn. , Plena Chowdhury Poaceae Rice (Husked), Paddy (Unhusked) Dhanya- Shali,  Dirghashuka, Vrihibheda,  Dardura
Ougenia Dalbergioides Benth., Oojeinensis Sandan Tinisha- Syandan, Rathadru 
Oxalis Corniculata Linn. Geraniaceae Indian Sorrel Cangeri- Amlaparnika, Triparni 

 

NAMES OF THE PLANTS STARTING WITH – P
MEDICINALPLANT NAMES IN SCIENTIFIC NAMES – ENGLISH – SANSKRIT
SCIENTIFIC NAMES COMMON NAMES SANSKRIT NAMES
Paederia Foetida Linn. Rubiaceae Chinese Flower Plant Gandhaprasarini-Prasarani
Pandanus Tectorius Auct.Non Soland.  Screw Pine Ketaki- Tikshnapushpa, Vikala, Medhya, Shivdvishta 
Panicum Sumatrense Roth Ex. Roem. Et Schult Little Millet Satyanasi –  Kancanakshiri, Pitadhattur, Hemakshiri
Papaver Somniferum Linn. Papaveraceae Opium, Poppy Ahiphena- Aphuk, Ahifen, Aphan, Niphen, Nagaphen
Parmelia Perlata Rock fungie Shaileya  
Parmelia Perlata (Huds.) Ach. Lichenes Stone Flower Shami- Shankuphala, Keshahantri, Shivaphala 
Paspalum Scrobiculatum Linn. Poaceae Kodo Millet Kodrava – Uddalaka, Koradusha
Passiflora Incarnata Passifloraceae Passion Flower Krishna Kamala 
Pavonia Indica Pavonia Udichya  
Pavonia Odorata Fragrant Swamp Mallow Jala  Sugandhabala  
Pavonia Odorata Willd. Malvaceae Hribera- Iruveli Balaka-Hrivera- Balaka-Hrivera, Balaka, Hrivera
Pedalium Murex Linn. Pedaliaceae Large caltrops Sthulgokshura- Tiktagokshura
Pergularia Daemia Chiov. Pergularia Phala-Kantaka – Kurutaka, Uttamarani, Vrishcikali 
Peristrophe Paniculata Panicled Peristrophe Kakajangha    
Phaseolus Aconitifolius Jacq. Papilionaceae Kidney Bean,Tapery  Beans Makushtha- Makushthaka
Phaseolus Mungo Linn., Vigna Mungo Hepper Green Gram, Black Gram Mashaparni 
Phaseolus Trilobus Leguminosae Wild Bean Mudgaparni – Kshudrasaha, Suryaparni, Kurangini, Vanaja,
Phoenix Sylvestris Roxb. Palmae Wild Date, Date Sugar Palm Kharjuri- Kharjura, Kharaskandha, Dushpradharsha,
Phyllanthes Embilica Amla, Indian Gooseberry Amalaki
Phyllanthus Niruri Linn., Amarus Webster Euphorbiaceae Feather Foil Plant Bhumyamalaki- Vrishya, Bhudhatri, Vvishvaparni, Shiva 
Physalis Minima Linn. Solanaceae Country Gooseberry Mridukuncika 
Picrorrhiza Kurroa Royle Ex Benth. Hellbore, Kutki Kankola- Gandhamarich, Kritaphala, Katukphala, Dvip,
Pimenta Dioica Allspice Tree Sarvasugandhi
Pinus Longifolia Long Leaved Pine Sarala- Putikashtha, Pittadrum, Dipvriksha, Snigdhadaru 
Pinus Roxburghi Chir pine, Long leaved pine Shrinivasaka  
Piper Betel Linn. Piperaceae Betel, Betel Leaf, Betel Pepper Tambulavalli, Tambula 
Piper Brachystachyum, Piper Spp. Aranya pippaly Chavya   
Piper officianalis Pepper vine Shreyasi  
Piper Chaba  Fruit Java Long Pepper   Gajapippali  
Piper Cubeba Linn. , Cubeba Officinallis Miq. Piperaceae Cubeb, Tailed Pepper, Java Pepper Kankushtha- Kakakushtha,  Jalavaluka, Hemakshiri 
Piper Longum Linn. Piperaceae Pepper, Indian Long pepper Pippali – Magadhi, Krishna, Vaidehi, Capala, Kana 
Piper Mullesva Hill  pepper Aranya Pippali 
Piper Nigrum Linn. Piperaceae Pepper, Black Marica- Maricha, Palita,Shakanga, Krishna, Krimihara 
Pipper longum Long Pepper Root Krishnamoola  
Pistacia Chinensia , Integerrima Stewart. Chinese pistache Karkatashringi- Kulirashringi 
Pistacia Integerrima Zebrawood Karkatashrungi  
Pistacia Lentiscus Linn. Anacardiaceae Mastiche Tree Rumamastaki- Mastagi, Alakrimi, Kundarrumi, 
Pistia Stratiotus Linn. Araceae Tropical Duck Weed Kumbhika-Variparni, Varimuli, Jalakumbhi 
Pisum Sativum Linn. Fabaceae Pea, Garden Pea Kalaya  Satina, Harenu 
Pittosporum Tetraspermum Kachapatta Vishadhani
Plantago Psyllium, Ovata Forsk. Plantaginaceae Psyllium (Seed) Indian plantago Snigdhajira- Snigdhabija, Shigdhajiraka, Sat Isobgol
Pluchea Lanceolata Rasna, Camphorweeds Yukta 
Plumbago auriculata Blue plumbago, Cape leadwort Neela koduvely
Plumbago Indica Linn., Rosea Linn. Plumbaginaceae Rosy-Flowered Leadwort, Fire Plant Citraka – Raktacitraka, Rata-Shikja, Ushana, Agni,  Dvipi 
Plumbago Rosea Red plumbago, Tree orchid Rakta Chitrak, 
Plumbago Zeylanica Linn. Plumbaginaceae White Leadwort Citrak, Agni, Shardul, Citrapali, Krishnanudahan, 
Plumeria Rubra Linn., Acutifolia Poir.  Pogodo Tree Kshiracampaka- Shvetacampaka
Pogostemon Pachouli Pachouli Pacholi
Polyalthia Longifolia (Sonn.) Thwaites Mast Tree, Cemetery Tree Ulkata- Kashtadaru
Polygonatum Cirrhifolium (Wall.) Royle Solomon’s seal Meda
Pondias Pinnata    Wild Mango, Indian hog plum Aamraata, Swarasa 
Pongamia Glabra Linn., Pinnata, Galedupa Indica Indian Beech Karanja,- Naktamal,  Ghrutpur, Snigdhapatra
Portulaca Oleraceae Linn. Portulacaceae Indian Parselane, pigweed, little hogweed Brihat Loni- Brihat Loni, Ghotika Yellow flower
Portulaca Quadrifida Linn. Portulacaceae Pigweed, little hogweed Kutira- Laghu, Lonika, Upadyki, Kutinjara, Jivalonika
Pothos Scandens Climbing Aroid Vrikshadani, Vasuka  
Premna Corymbosa (Burm.F) Merr Munnai Vikranta  
Premna Integrifolia Linn. , Obtusifolia Verbenaceae Arani, Munja, Kattappa Agnimantha – Shriparna, Ganikarika, Asvarika, Vataghni,
Prosopis Specigera Linn. Mimosaceae Sponge Tree Shardunika –  Meshashringi, Vishani, Ajashringika, 
Prunus Cerasoides- Stem Wild Himalayan Cherry Padmaka
Prunus Dulcis Badam Badam
Prunus Mahalab Mahaleb cherry Priyangu  
Prunus Persica Stokes Rosaceae Peach Aruka- Aruka 
Pseudarthria Visccida Moovila Sali Parni
Psolliota Campestris (Linn.) Fr. Agaricaceae Mushroom, Touchwood Chatraka- Sansvedajashak, Bhumicchatra, Shilindhrak 
Psoralea Corylifolia Linn. Papilionaceae Purple Fleabane, Babchi Seeds Bakuci- Somarekha, Somaragi, Somavalli 
Pterocarpus Marsupium Indian Kino, Malabar Kino Beejasara, Asana – Bijaka, Pitasala, Asana 
Pterocarpus Santalinus   Red Sandalwood   Raktha Chandana  
Pterospermum Suberifolium Lam Cork-leaved bayur, Chemplavu Mucakunda- Kshatravriksha, Citrak, Prativishnuk, 
Pueraria Tuberosa Leguminosae Indian Kudzu Vidari  Sita, Ikshugandha, Payasvini, Vrishykanda  
Punica Granatam Linn. Punicaceae Pomegranate Dadima- Lohitapushpaka, Suphala,  Shukavalabha
Putranjiva Roxburghii Wall.  Lucky Bean Tree Putranjivaka- Pavitra, Garbhad, Sutajivak, Kutajiva 
Pyrus Communis Linn. Rosaceae Pear Amritaphala – Nasapati, Tanka
NAME OF THE PLANTS STARTING WITH R
MEDICINALPLANT NAMES IN SCIENTIFIC NAMES-ENGLISH AND SANSKRIT
SCIENTIFIC NAMES COMMON NAMES SANSKRIT NAMES
Randia Dumetorum Lam., Xeromphis Spinosa Emetic Nut, indigoberry Madana Phala- Madana, Vishapushpaka, Golaphala 
Ranunculus Sceleratus Linn. Ranunculaceae Cursed Buttercup Kandira – Kandir, Kandakatuka, Ugrakanda, Katilla, Nasalivedan
Raphanus Sativus Linn. Cruciferae Radish Mulaka- Mulahva, Kandamula, Hastidanta, Tikshna, Mishra, 
Rauwolfia Serpentina Benth. Serpentina Root Saptaparna- Yugmaparna, Munichad, Bahuparna 
Rhaphidophora Laciniata (Burm.F.) Merr.  Devil’s ivy, golden pothos Sphotyabujangam 
Rhinacanthus Communis Snake Jasmine, Dainty Spurs Yuthi Parni
Rhus Odina, Odina Wodier Roxb. Anacardiaceae Wodier Jingini- Ajashringi, Netrashuddhi  
Rhus Parviflora Roxb. Anacardiaceae Small Flowered Poison Sumac Tintidi -Tintidika, Vrikshamla, Amla Padapa
Rhus Succedanea Linn. Anacardiaceae Crab’s Claw, Gall’s Ajashringi- Karkatashringi, Shringi,  Kalinga, Arthacampika
Ricinus Communis Linn. Euphorbiaceae Castor oil Plant Eranda – Vyaghra, Hastikarna, Nagakarna, Karaparna 
Rosa Centifolia Linn. Rosaceae Rose, Cabbage Rose, Pale Rose Taruni- Shatapatri, Saumyagandha 
Rosa Moschata Mill, Pubescens, Glandulifera Musk-Scented Rose Kubjaka- Bhadra Taruni, Brihat Pushpa
Rosa Sinensis Hibiscus  Japa 
Roscoea Purpurea Royle. , Prucera Wall. Brown Peacock Kakoli- Madhura, Vira, Kayastha, Kshirashuklika, 
Cucumis melo var. Snake cucumber Karkati- Lomashi, Vyalapatra, Ervaru, Brihatphala, Cinaka 
Rubia Cordifolia Linn. Rubiaceae Indian Madder Manjishtha-  Harini, Rakta, Rohini, Vijaya, Jvarahantri
Rumex Vesicarius Linn. Polygonaceae Country Sorrel, Bladder Dock Cukra- Ckurika, Patramla, Shatavedhini-Sahasravedhi, 
Ruta Graveolens Linn. , Chalepensis Rutaceae Garden Rue Shirish- Sahasraki, Prithushrangi 

 

NAMES OF THE PLANTS STARTING WITH – S
MEDICINALPLANT NAMES IN SCIENTIFIC NAMES – ENGLISH – SANSKRIT
SCIENTIFIC NAMES COMMON NAMES SANSKRIT NAMES
Saccharum, Erianthus Arundinaceum Retz. Devil Sugarcane, Reedy Sugarcane Munja- Kshura, Sthula Darbha, Banahva, Brahma Mekhala
Saccharum Arundinaceum Hardy Sugar Cane Shara Moola  
Saccharum Munja Roxb. Gramineae Roofing grass Shatapushpa – Shatahva,Suvakpushpi, Sanghatpatrika,  
Saccharum Officinarum Linn. Gramineae Sugar Cane, Sucanat, Turbinado  Shyamaka Shyamantaka 
Saccharum Spontaneum Linn. Gramineae Thatch Grass , Wild Sugarcane Kasha- Kandekshu, Shvetacamar, Ishika, Sharad
Salacia Reticulata Marking Nut Tree Peetikapatra  
Salacia Reticulata Wight Salaretin Vairi-  Pitika
Salix Caprea Linn. Salicaceae Willow Bark, Sallow Vetasa – Vanjula,  Vanira, Dirghapatraka, Nadeya
Salix Tetrasperma Roxb. Salicaceae Indian Willow Jalavetasa- Kalaukasambhrita, Ambhoja, Nicula )
Salmalia Malabarica,Bombax Malabaricum  Red Silk-Cotton(Elavu) Mocharasa, Shalmali veshtaka,Veshtaka 
Salvadora Oleoides Dene. Salvadoraceae Vaan, Peelu Pilu- Tikshna, Karabhapriya, Sahasrangi, Gudaphala
Salvia Aegyptiaca Linn. Labiatae Egyptian sage Tukhm-Malanga
Salvia Haematodes W. Labiatae Blood-Veined Sage Lal-Bahamana
Salvia Plebeia R. Br. Labiatae Sage weed Shilajita-  Shilajatu, Shilabhid,Ushnaja, Shailaniryasa
Samadera Indica / Quassia Indica Gaertn.  Neipa Bark Tree Gucchakaranja, Neela Vruksha
Sambucina Linn. Leeaceae Leea Indica Chatrii- Kukkurajihva 
Santalum Album Sandalwood, Chandana Swetha Chandana  
Sansevieria Zeylanica , Roxburghiana Schult. Devil’s tongue, Bow string hemp Murva- Madhurasa, Snigdhaparni,Prithakparni, Morati, 
Santalum Album Linn. Santalaceae White Sandalwood Candana, Shrikanda, Gandhasara, Candradyuti 
Sapindus Trifoliatus Linn., Laurifolia Vahl Indian Filbert , Soapnut Tree Arishtaka- Rithkaranj, Gucchapushpak, (CMS college)
Saraca Indica Linn , Asoka Wilde Caesalpiniaceae Ashoka Tree Ashoka – Hemapushpa,Shokanash, Karnapurak, 
Sarcostemma Acidum Moon plant, Moon creeper Somavalli  
Sarcostemma Acidum Voigt , Brevistigma W&A. Mood Plant , Moon Creeper Soma- Soma, Somavalli
Sarcostigma Kleinii W&A. Icacinaceae Monkey’s bridge Ingudi 
Saussurea Lappa Kuth Root , Costus Amaya,  Kushta  
Schleichera Trijuga Willd. Sapindaceae Ceylon Oak Koshamra-  Ghanaskandha, Vanamra, Kshudramra, Raktamra
Schrebera Swietenioides Roxb. Oleaceae Weaver’s Beam Tree Mushka – Mokshakaka, Ghunti, Shikhari, Kshudra Patala
Scindapsus Officinalis Schott. Araceae Elephant pepper,Galapippaly Gajapippali- Cavya Pippali, Shreyasi, Hastimagadha
Scirpus Grossus Linn. Cyperaceae Kok saamliam Kaseru-  Svalpa Kanda, Brihad Raja, Kaseruja
Scirpus Kysoor , Grossus Linn. Cyperaceae Water Chestnut Kasheru- Gunthakanda, Kaseruka, Sugandhi, Sukanda, Gandha
Selaginella rupestris Resurrection plant Amritachada, Garudi, Sarpadani
Selinum Tenuifolium Njara, Selinum Mura-Gandhavati, Daitya, Gandhadhya, Surabhi, Katu 
Semecarpus Anacardium Linn. F. Anacardiaceae Marking Nut, Oriental Cashew Bhallataka- Agnimukha, Krimighna, Bhallata, Aruka 
Serratophyllum Submersom Lemanaceae Duckweed , Vallisnaria,Soft hornwort Shara- Bann, Ikshu, Sayak, Kshur
Sesame Indicum Sesame Oil Gingery Oil 
Sesamum Indicum Linn. Pedaliaceae Sesamum , Sesame ,Gingelly Seed Tila – Snehaphala, Tilaha
Sesbania Grandiflora (Linn.) Pior. Papilionaceae Hummingbird tree , Sesban Agastya- Agasti, Shighrapushpa,  Madhuryati
Setaria Italica Beauv. Gramineae Foxtail Millet , Italian Millet Poaceae Priyangu- Phalini, Shyama, Kantahva, Mandani, Lata 
Shorea Robusta Sal, Sala tree Rala  Shala, Sharapunkha- Sarparnukhi, Indupushpika  
Sida Cordata Borssum , Veronicaefolia Lam. Snake mallow Nagabala, Bhumibala 
Sida Cordifolia Linn. Malvaceae Indian Country Mallow Bala – Odanika, Bhadra, Samanga, Baladhya, Vatika,
Sida Humilis Willd., Acuta , Shinosa Long-stalk Sida Mahabala- Jyesthabala, Katambhara, 
Sida Retusa Linn Common sida Bala
Sida Rhombifolia Linn. Malvaceae Country Mallow , Yellow Barleria Katphala-Kumuda, Kumbha, Shriparni, Somapadapa 
Sida Spinosa Linn., Alba , Alinifolia Malvaceae Prickly Sida Nagabala- Gangeruki, Vishvedeva, Gavedhuka, 
Silicum Mica Abhraka Bhasma- Svaccha, Akasha, Patola, Varapitaka
Sisymbrium Irio Cruciferae Hedge-Mustard,London rocket Khubakalam
Smilax China Linn., Glabra Liliaceae China Root Copcini-  Dvipantarvaca, Topcini, Madhusnuhi  
Smilax Zeylanica Linn. Liliaceae Smilax Ushaba- Ushaba, Vanamadhusnahi, Kalika, Kalashak  
Solanum Anguivi Lan African eggplant. Bruhati
Solanum Indicum Linn., Anguivi Lam. Solanaceae Indian Nightshade , Poison Berry Brihati- Mahati, Bahupatri, Bahupatra, Kantatani, 
Solanum melangona Brinjal, Eggplant Vartaka 
Solanum Melongena Linn. Solanaceae Eggplant Vrintaki- Vartiki, Bhantaki, Bhantika, Vartaku, Bartaku, Pitaphala
Solanum Nigrum Linn. Solanaceae Black Night Shade Kakamaci- Vayasavha, Vayasi, Sarvtikta, Bahuphala, 
Solanum Torvum Turkey Berry Brihati
Solanum Xanthcarpum Yellow Berried Nightshade Dusparsha  
Solena Amplexicaulis Creeping Cucumber, Diversely-leaved melothria Amlavetasa  
Soymida Febrifuga Adr. Juss. Meliaceae Indian Red Wood Mamsarohini- Praharvalli, Vikasha, Kasha,
Spermacoce Hispida Linn. , Borreria Hispida K.Schum.  Shaggy Button-weed Vasuka- Buka 
Sphaeranthus Indicus Linn., Hirtus Willd. East Indian Globe Thistle Munditika- Mundi, Shravani, Brahmicarini, Kulahala 
Spilanthes Calva Toothache plant Akara Karaba
Spondias Pinnata , Mangifera Willd. Anacardiaceae Indian Hog Plum , Wild Mango Amrata- Amrataka, Amravata, Phali, Moda, Phala, Kapi 
Stannum Tin Ranga- Tin: Vanga, Rangaka, Tiraka, Trapu, Karati, Ghana
Sterculia Foetida Linn. Sterculiaceae Peon, Poon Tree, Wild Indian Almond Putidaru- Vitkhadira 
Stereospermum Chelonoidcs Fragrant padri tree Patala
Stereospermum Suaveolens , Colais Ham. Ex.  Trumpet Flower Tree , Yellow Snake Tree Panduraphali- Panduraphali, Bhuriphali
Streblus Asper Linn. Urticaceae,Moraceae Siamese Rough-Bush, Sand Paper Tree Shringtaka
Strobilanthes Ciliatus Sahachara Karimkurrinji 
Strobilanthus Heynianus  Strobilanthus Sahacharam 
Strychnos Nuxvomica Linn. Loganiaceae Nux vomica, Poison nut Kupilu- Kuchala, Karaskara, Vishatinduka, Kunchvriksha 
Strychnos Potatorum Loganiaceae Clearing Nut Kataka- Ambuprasad, Jalada, Cakshushya, Nirmali
Sulfur Sulfur Gandhaka- Saugandhaka, Lekhi, Gandhashma
Swertia Chirata Buch-Ham Gentianaceae Chireta Kiratatikta- Kiratikta, Kairat, Ramsenak, Naditikta, 
Symplocos Cochinchinensis Parala, Kamblivetti Chunga 
Symplocos Racemosa Roxb. Styraceae Lodh Tree Lodhra – Shabar, Galav, Lodhraka, Hema,Tilvaktaru, Akshi Bhesaja
Synantherias Sylvatica, Amorphophallus Wild Suran Vajrakanda 
Syzygium Aromaticum Merr , Myrtus Caryophyllus Clove Lavanga- Devkusum, Candanpushpa,  Divyagandha, Jalaji 
Syzygium Cumini Black Plum Jambu
NAMES OF THE PLANTS STARTING WITH – T
MEDICINALPLANT NAMES IN SCIENTIFIC NAMES – ENGLISH – SANSKRIT
SCIENTIFIC NAMES COMMON NAMES SANSKRIT NAMES
Tabernaemontana Divaricata R.Br.Ex Roem.& S Indian Rosebay, Pinwheel flower Nandivriksha  
Tacca Aspera Roxb. T. Lavis Taccaceae Bat flowers Varahi – Magadhi, Grishti, Varahi Kanda, Saukara, Koti
Tagetus Erecta Linn. Compositae French Marigold Genda- Zandu, Salpushpa, Zenduk, Jhandu 
Tamarindus Indica Linn. Leguminosae Tamarind Amlika- Cinca, Cukrika, Cukra, Amlica, Shkcukrika, Amli 
Tamarindus Indicus Veins Of Tamarind Leaves  Tintrini Dalasira  
Tamarix Gallica Linn., Indica Tamaricaceae Manna Jhavuka- Shavaka, Macika  
Taraxacum Officinalis Weber Euphorbiaceae Dandelion, Blow Ball Dughdapheni- Dugdhika, Rajakshava, Dugdhanika,  Shitambu
Taxus Baccata Linn. Coniferae Himalayan Yew  Talisha Patra – Manduparni, Barahmi, Talispatra
Tecomella Undulata  Honey Tree, Desert Teak Rohitaka – Rohit, Kushalmali, Sadaprasun,
Tectona Grandis Linn. F. Verbenaceae Teak Shringataka- Jalaphal, Trikonphali, Shringriha, Jalavalli
Tephrosia Purpurea Wild Indigo, Fish Poison Sharapunkha  
Teramnus Labialis Spreng. Papilionaceae Wild blackgram Mashaparni – Masha Parui, Krishnavrinta, Kamboji,  Mamsamasha
Terminalia Arjuna Wight. & Am. Combretaceae Arjuna Myrobalan Arjuna – Dhawal, Kakubha, Indradu 
Terminalia Belerica Roxb. Combretaceae Beleric Myrobalan Bibhitaka- Karshaphala, Aksha, Kalidrum,  
Terminalia Chebula Retz. Combretaceae Chebulic Myrobalan Haritak- Pathya, Haimamati, Shiva, Pathya,  Abhaya
Terminalia Crenulata Roth Combretaceae Black Murdah Chagakarna- Asana 
Terminalia Paniculata Roth Combretaceae Flowering Murdah Ashvakarna 
Thespesia Populnea Corr. Malvaceae Portia Tree, Tulip Tree Paris – Phalish, Kapichudha, 
Tinospora Cordifolia Miers Menispermaceae Heartleaf Moonseed Guduci- Madhuparnika, Chinnodbhava, Amrita, 
Toddalia Asiatica (Linn.) Lam. , Aculeata Pers. Forest Pepper, Wild Orange Tree Tikshnaksha- Kancana, Dahana
Toona Ciliate Roem., Cedrela Toona Roxb. Red Cedar, Indian Mahogany Tree Nandivriksha-Ashvattha Bheda, Prarohi, Gajapadapa, Tuna
Trachispermum Amami Linn. Sprague. Umbelliferae Kings’ Cumin, Bishop’s Weed Yavani – Vatari, Shulhantri, Agnigandha, Agnivardha  
Tragia Involucrata, Cannabina Linn. Euphorbiaceae Indian Stinging Nettle Dusparsha- Duralabha 
Trapa Natans Linn.  , Bispinosa Roxb. Trapaceae,  Indian Water Chestnut, Caltrop Shati- Kachur, Gandhamul, Dravida, Sati, Gandha
Trcahyspermum, Carum Roxburghianum Ajwain Ajmoda Dipyaka  
Tribulus Terrestris Linn. Zygophyllaceae Puncture Vine, Small Caltrops Gokshura – Gokantak, Svadamshtra, Trikantak, Vanasharungat 
Trichodesma Indicum R. Br. Boraginaceae Indian Borage Addhahpushpi, Avakpushpi
Trichopuszeylanicus Sage food, Jivani Varahi
Trichosanthes Anguina Snake Gourd Cicinda 
Trichosanthes Dioica, Lobata Roxb. Wild finger Gourd Patola- Patol, Tikta, Rajiphal, Rajey, Kushtha, Amritphal
Trichosanthes Lobata, Luffa Acutangula Ribbed Gourd Patola   
Trichosanthes Tricuspidata Lour., Bracteata Voigt  Bitter snake-gourd  Kakanasa -Dhvamshanasa 
Trichosanthus Palmata  Bitter snake-gourd Swethapushpi,  
Trigonella Foenum-Graecum Linn.  Fenugreek Medhika- Methini, Dipani, Mishrapushpa, Kairavi, Pitbija
Triticum Aestivum Linn. Gramineae Wheat, Beardless Wheat Godhuma- Yavanaka, Madhulika, Nistusa
Turmeric-Curcuma Longa Wet Turmeric Paimanjal  
Tylophora Asthmatica W&A., Indica Merrill Country Ipecacuanha, Emetic Swallow-Wory Arkaparni- Svasaghni, Anthrapachaka, Latakshiri 
Typha Elephantina Elephant cattail Potagala Moola 
NAMES OF THE PLANTS STARTING WITH – U
MEDICINALPLANT NAMES IN SCIENTIFIC NAMES – ENGLISH – SANSKRIT
SCIENTIFIC NAMES COMMON NAMES SANSKRIT NAMES
Uraria Picta Dabra, Indian Uraria Prishniparni  
Urginea Indica Kunth Liliaceae Indian Squill Vanapalandam 
Utilissimus Cucumis (Roxb.) Cucurbitaceae Snake Cucumber Ervaru- Bahukanda, Brhatphala, Hastipani, Karkati 
Uvaria Narum  Wall.Ex. Wight, Unona Narum Dun. South Indian Uvaria Nilavalli-Vallishakhota 
NAMES OF THE PLANTS STARTING WITH – V
MEDICINALPLANT NAMES IN SCIENTIFIC NAMES – ENGLISH – SANSKRIT
SCIENTIFIC NAMES COMMON NAMES SANSKRIT NAMES
Vaanila Planifolia Vanila Vanila
Valerian Wallichi Dc. Valerianaceae Indian Valerian Tagara- Vakra, Kutila, Vinamra, Shatha, Nihusha 
Valliaris Solan Acea Bread flower Ajasringi
Vanda Roxburghii R Br. Orchidaceae Vanda, Acampe Orchid Rasna
Vateria Indica Linn. Dipterocarpaceae White Dammer Tree, Indian Copal Tree Saptacakra- Vakramula, Svarnamula, Saptakapi 
Verbascum Thapsus Linn. Scrophulariaceae Great Mullein Gidar-Tamaku
Vernonia Cineria Less. Compositae Ash-Colored Fleabane Shleshmataka- Selu, Bahuvara, Picchil 
Vetiveria Zizanioides Nash Gramineae Khaskhas Grass, Vetiveria Ushira- Usheer, Samagandhak, Javavasa, Veerana 
Vigna Pilosa Cow pea Mashaparni  
Vigna Radiata Black Gram   Masha  
Vigna Unguiculata (Linn.) Walp. Cow Pea Rajadana- Rajadani
Vigna Vexillatta Isikhwali Sooryaparni
Viola Odorata wood violet, sweet violet Vanapsa 
Vitex Negundo Linn. Verbenaceae Five-Leaved Chaste Tree Nirgundi – Nirgudi, Sinduvarak, Shephali, Sambhalu  
Vitex Trifolia Linn. Verbenaceae Three-Leaved Chaste Tree Sinduvara- Shephalika 
Vitis Vinifera Linn. Vitaceae Grapes Draksha –  Rasala, Amritphala, Phalottama, Madhurasa 
NAMES OF THE PLANTS STARTING WITH – W
MEDICINALPLANT NAMES IN SCIENTIFIC NAMES – ENGLISH – SANSKRIT
SCIENTIFIC NAMES COMMON NAMES SANSKRIT NAMES
Wedelia Chinensis  Merrill, Calendulacea Less. Chinese Wedelia Pitabhringaraja- Pitabhringa 
Withania Somnifera-Winter Cherry (L.) Dunal. Winter Cherry, Indian Ginseng Hayagandha, Ashwagandha  
Woodfordia Fruticosa, Floribunda Lythraceae Fire Flame Bush, Downy Grislea Dhataki- Vahnipushpi, Tamrapushpi, Dahani, Parvati 
Wrightia Tinctoria (Roxb.)R.Br. Apocynaceae Pala Indigo Plant, Sweet Indrajao Sarpakshi- Sarpari, Nagasugandha, Patalbhedi
NAMES OF THE PLANTS STARTING WITH – Z
MEDICINALPLANT NAMES IN SCIENTIFIC NAMES – ENGLISH – SANSKRIT
SCIENTIFIC NAMES COMMON NAMES SANSKRIT NAMES
Zanthoxylum Alatum Roxb., Armatum Dc. Prickly Ash, Toothache Tree Tejasvini – Tumburu, Tejovati, Tumbaru, Tumbul
Zea Mays Linn. Poaceae Corn, Indian Corn, Maize Makaya – Mahakaya 
Zingiberis, Zingiber Officinalis Ginger Ardraka – Vishva, Nagar, Vishvabheshaj 
Zizigium Camini  Water cherry, Bell cherry Jambu
Zizyphus Jujuba Lam. Jujube (Fruit), Chinese Date Unnava – Badara, Karkandhu, Gudaaphala, Kola

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