The scientific name of Blepharis edulis : Utangan

Name of Abutilon in different languages:-

English: Utangan

Malayalam: Vellurana-വെള്ളുരണ

Sanskrit: Utingana 

Plant description:

Utangan or Aankuri, is a herbaceous plant native to various parts of Africa and Asia. It holds significance in traditional medicine systems, particularly in Ayurveda and traditional African medicine.

Key Characteristics:

– Leaves: Narrow, lance-shaped leaves with a rough texture.
– Flowers: Small, usually purple or blue, arranged in spikes.
– Habitat: Typically found in dry regions.

Traditional Uses:

1. Eye Health: In traditional medicine, Blepharis edulis is used for its purported benefits in treating eye conditions. The leaves and seeds are believed to have properties that support eye health.

2. Digestive Health: It may be used to address digestive disorders and promote overall gastrointestinal well-being.

3. Anti-inflammatory: Some traditional uses involve the plant as a natural anti-inflammatory agent.

4. Wound Healing: In certain traditions, Blepharis edulis is used topically for wound healing.

5. Anti-microbial: It is believed to have natural antimicrobial properties.

6. Laxative Properties: Some preparations may be used as a mild laxative.

7. Anti-diabetic (in certain traditions): It may be used to support blood sugar management.

8. Respiratory Health: In some cultures, it is employed for respiratory conditions.

Note: While Blepharis edulis has a history of traditional use, it is crucial to approach it with caution. Scientific studies on its efficacy and safety are limited, and it’s always advisable to consult a qualified healthcare professional or herbalist before using it for medicinal purposes. This is especially important if you have underlying health conditions or are taking other medications.

Useful plant parts: 

In India, the seeds, leaves, and roots of the plant are employed for diverse medicinal applications. The seeds are recognized as an aphrodisiac. Ground seed powder is used as a sexual enhancer, typically consumed in portions of 2 to 3 grams with lukewarm milk.

Chemical Constituents

This species contains phytochemicals like benzoxazine glucosides and banzoxazolone, along with antioxidants including phenolic acids and flavone glycosides (source needed). Additionally, the plant demonstrates confirmed anticancer activity.

Ayurveda Medicinal uses of  Utangan:

In Ayurveda, Utangan (Blepharis edulis) is recognized for its therapeutic properties. It is used in various formulations to address specific health concerns. Here are some of its traditional medicinal uses:

  1. Eye Health: Utangan is considered beneficial for the eyes. It is believed to help in improving vision and treating various eye disorders.
  2. Digestive Disorders: It is used to support digestive health, particularly in cases of indigestion, bloating, and irregular bowel movements.
  3. Anti-inflammatory: Utangan is known for its anti-inflammatory properties, which can be helpful in conditions involving inflammation.
  4. Wound Healing: It may be applied topically to promote wound healing and reduce inflammation in the affected area.
  5. Respiratory Conditions: Utangan may be used to manage respiratory disorders like cough, cold, and bronchitis.
  6. Anti-parasitic: It is believed to have properties that help combat intestinal worms.
  7. Laxative Properties: Utangan is used as a mild laxative in some formulations to help with constipation.
  8. Urinary Disorders: It may be employed in the treatment of urinary tract disorders.
  9. Diabetes Management: In certain traditions, it is used to help regulate blood sugar levels.
  10. Anti-microbial: Utangan is believed to have natural antimicrobial properties.
  11. Liver Support: It is used to support liver function and detoxification.
  12. Menstrual Disorders: Utangan may be used to regulate menstrual cycles and alleviate associated discomfort.
  13. Anti-diabetic (in certain traditions): It may be used to support blood sugar management.
  14. Skin Conditions: It may be used topically for skin conditions like wounds, sores, and skin infections.
  15. Anti-fever (in certain traditions): It may be used in the management of fever.

Utangan is used as an ingredient in the preparation of the Ayurvedic medicines like:


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