White Chaste Tree

The Scientific name of White Chaste Tree: Vitex negundo

Name  of White  Chaste Tree in different languages:-

Sanskrit: nirgundi, nirgudi, sinduvarak, shephali, suvaha, bhutkeshi, nilsinduk, pushpanilak, shitbhiru, vanak

Hindi: निर्गुंडी-Nirgundi, Nisinda, Sambhalu, Sawbhalu

Malayalam: Venochi – വെൺനൊച്ചി

Tamil: Nocchi நொச்சி

Plant description:

Venochi-Vitex-negundoFive-Leaved Chaste Tree – Vitex negundo – is a small tree or shrub, an erect, grow up to 8 m tall. The leaves are pale green and young leaves are purple, leaf margin toothed and covered in hair on upper area, leaflets are five lanceolate, center leaflet is largest, in a stalk, about 10 cm in length. The flowers are many, borne in panicles; white to pale blue, up to 20 cm long. The bark is brown. The fruit is a drupe, ovate, purple in color, 4 mm in diameter, when ripe.


Useful plant parts:

Whole plant, root, leaf

Leaf Arrangement

Shape-Lanceolate Margin-Entire Venation-Reticulate
 lanceolate-ointed-at-both-ends  Margin_Entire  Recticulate

Medicinal uses:

Roots and leaves of Five-leaved chaste are used in the treatment of eczema, ringworm, and other skin disorders, it is also used to treat liver problems, spleen enlargement, rheumatic pain, backache, gout, abscess etc. , and seeds can be used as a vermicide. It controls mosquitoes.

Medicinal properties:

Anti-inflammatory, Analgesic, Antiandrogenic,  Antibacterial,  Antiedemic,  Antipyretic,  Antiseptic

Chemical content:

Casticin, isoorientin, Essential oil,  negundoside, cineol acid, camphene, delta-3- carene,chrysophanol D, phenolic, aucubin, Sabinene, linalool, terpinen-4-ol, β-caryophyllene, luteolin, hydroxybenzoic acid, p–hydroxybenzoic acid and α-guaiene, geraniol, eugenol, casticin, orientin, pinene acid, dipentene, citronellol,  tannic acid, nishindine, hydrocotylene, glucononitol,  iridoidglycoside-nishindaside,  agnuside,  isoorientin

How to prepare medicines:


The juice of the Nirgundi leaves are mixed with mustard oil and boiled,  the medicated oil is dropped into the ear two times daily.

Rhumatic pain of joints:-

A bunch of Leaves boiled in water and took in the time of bath.

White Chaste Tree is one of the ingredients in Ayurveda medicines like-

Amruthadi kashayam Dasamoolarishtam Nirgundi Tailam  
Anthrakutharam Gulika Kutajashtaka Kashaya Nirgundiyadi Ghrita
Anuphala capsules Maha Vishagarbha Tailam Panchgun Tailam  
Arkadi kashayam Mukkamukkutukadi Gulika Prameha Mihira Taila  
Ashtavargam Kashyam Neelikadi Tailam Rheumallin tablet  
Brihat Dashamoola Tailam Nirgundi Ghrita Vachadi Taila


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