Black Cardamom

The Scientific name of Black Cardamom: Amomum subulatum

Name of Black Cardamom in different languages:-

English: hill cardamom, greater cardamom, winged cardamom, brown cardamom

Sanskrit: aindri, bahula, tridivodbhava, triputa

Hindi: बड़ी इलायची Badi ilaichi, Elabary

Tamil: periya-elattari

Malayalam: Perelam-പേരേലം

Plant description:

Black Cardamom Black Cardamom is an evergreen plant found in the forest area at the high altitude of 500 to 2000m, that grows up to 5 ft tall. Leaves are long, sword-shaped, arranged oppositely, 50 cm long, and 3 cm wide with a sword-like smooth green, on the upper portion of the stem. Flower buds appear in the base of the rhizome. Its seeds contained in a pod have a strong camphor-like flavor, which is used as a spice like green cardamom pods.

Leaf Arrangement

Shape-Cordate Margin-Entire Venation-parallel


Useful plant parts:


Medicinal uses:

Digestive disorders such as indigestion, astringent, antibilious, and antiemetic flatulence stomach disorders, malaria, and kidney stones

Ayurveda Medicinal Uses of  Black Cardamom

In Ayurveda, Black Cardamom (Badi Elaichi) is valued for its medicinal properties:

1. Digestive Aid: Eases indigestion, bloating, and flatulence.
2. Respiratory Support: Helps with coughs and colds.
3. Detoxification: Assists in eliminating toxins.
4. Oral Health: Aids in gum and dental issues.
5. Anti-inflammatory: Alleviates joint pain and inflammation.
6. Diuretic: Promotes healthy urine flow.
7. Aphrodisiac: Enhances sexual health.
8. Relieves Nausea: Useful for alleviating nausea and vomiting.

Consult an Ayurvedic expert for appropriate usage and dosages.

Chemical content:

α-pinene, β-pinene α-terpineol and terpinen, Spathulenol.

Black Cardamom is used as an ingredient to prepare Ayurvedic medicines like:-

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