Scientific name of Bael: Aegle marmelos

Name Bael in different languages:-

English: Stone apple, wood apple, Bengal quince, golden apple

Sanscrit: Vilva, Vilwa, Bilwa-बिल्व

Hindi: बेल Bhel, Sirphal

Malayalam: Koovalam കൂവളം, Shivamalli ശിവമല്ലി, Shivadrumam-ശിവദ്രുമം

Plant description

It is found through out  India, in deciduous forests and dry areas, it grows up to 15 meters tall, it is an armed tree with sharp thorns, the leaves are pale green, trifoliate, alternately arranged, terminal leaflet, about 6 cm long and 2.8 cm wide, and with two lateral leaflets, ovate to cuneate. Stem and branches bear thorns. Flowers are greenish white and fragrant, stalked with 8 mm long, commonly in a cluster of 10 flowers are born in the leaf axil. The fruits are greenish white, globose, woody outer

Leaf Arrangement

Shape-Cuneate Margin-Crenat Venation-Reticulate


Useful plant parts:

Root, Leaf, Fruit

Medicinal uses:

It is used to treat constipation and other gastrointestinal problems. To treat Kapha, Vata, cough diabetic, dysentery, Constipation,Jaundice, Leucorrhoea, Diarrhea, Bronchitis, Wound, inflammation and pain, Menstrual disorders, and used as a  brain tonic.

Chemical content:

Alkaloids, Triterpenes, Tannins, Coumarins, Marmoset, Imperatorin, Iso-Imperatorin, Marnelide and many of alkaloids, skimmianine, Anthraquinones, marmelosin, marmelide,psoralen, umbelliferone, scopoletin, xanthotoxin, dimethoxy coumarin, glucosides, luvangetin, tannins, lupeo and beta-sitosterol.

Medicinal Properties:

Anti-bacterial, Anti-cancer, Antimicrobial, Hypoglycemic, Anti-diarrhea, and Anti-inflammatory.

How to prepare medicines with Bael tree

To increase Semen

Bark juice is ground with cumin seed and mixed in cow milk, drink for one week regularly

To cure piles (അര്‍ശസ് )

Intake of the decoction of bael fruit juice,  Ginger (Zingiber officinale), and Dill (anethum graveolens L)

Bael is used as an ingredient in the  preparation of Ayurveda medicines like:-






Ajamamsa Rasayanam


Brihat Chagaladya Ghrita

Changeri Ghrita

Mustakaranjathi Kashayam

Dashamoola Ghrita


Dhanya Panchak Kashayam

Dusparsakadi Kashayam

Vatsakadi Kashayam

Asanavilwadi Velichenna

Dhanvantaram Ghritam




Diarotap Tablet


Darvyadi Kashaya

Dasamoola Panchakoladi Kashayam

Lashunadi Ghrita

Maha Panchagavya Ghrita


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