English: Stone apple, wood apple, Bengal quince, golden apple
Sanscrit: Vilva, Vilwa, Bilwa-बिल्व
Hindi: बेल Bhel, Sirphal
Malayalam: Koovalam കൂവളം, Shivamalli ശിവമല്ലി, Shivadrumam-ശിവദ്രുമം
It is found through out India, in deciduous forests and dry areas, it grows up to 15 meters tall, it is an armed tree with sharp thorns, the leaves are pale green, trifoliate, alternately arranged, terminal leaflet, about 6 cm long and 2.8 cm wide, and with two lateral leaflets, ovate to cuneate. Stem and branches bear thorns. Flowers are greenish white and fragrant, stalked with 8 mm long, commonly in a cluster of 10 flowers are born in the leaf axil. The fruits are greenish white, globose, woody outer
Useful plant parts:
Root, Leaf, Fruit
It is used to treat constipation and other gastrointestinal problems. To treat Kapha, Vata, cough diabetic, dysentery, Constipation,Jaundice, Leucorrhoea, Diarrhea, Bronchitis, Wound, inflammation and pain, Menstrual disorders, and used as a brain tonic.
Alkaloids, Triterpenes, Tannins, Coumarins, Marmoset, Imperatorin, Iso-Imperatorin, Marnelide and many of alkaloids, skimmianine, Anthraquinones, marmelosin, marmelide,psoralen, umbelliferone, scopoletin, xanthotoxin, dimethoxy coumarin, glucosides, luvangetin, tannins, lupeo and beta-sitosterol.
Anti-bacterial, Anti-cancer, Antimicrobial, Hypoglycemic, Anti-diarrhea, and Anti-inflammatory.
How to prepare medicines with Bael tree
To increase Semen
Bark juice is ground with cumin seed and mixed in cow milk, drink for one week regularly
To cure piles (അര്ശസ് )
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