Yellow snake tree

Scientific name of yellow snake tree: Stereospermum colais

Family: Bignoniaceae

Name of Yellow snake tree in different languages:-

English: yellow snake tree, Fragrant Padiry tree, Trumpet flower tree

Sanskrit: पाटल patal, पाटला patala, पाटलि patali

Hindi: पारल paral, पारोली paroli, पाटल patal

Malayalam: കരിങ്ങഴ karingazha, പാതിരി-Pathiry, പൂപ്പാതിരി Puppaathiri,

Tamil:  பாடலம் patalam, பாதிரி patiri, புன்காலி punkali

Plant description:

Yellow snake tree is a deciduous tree growing to 18-30 m in height with a straight trunk and fairly smooth yellowish-brown bark. It is found throughout India, in deciduous forests up to 1,200 m. altitude; the bark is light brown or dark with corky lenticels. leaves are bi-pinnately arranged and very large, and about 90-180 cm. The leaflets are 2 to 4 pairs, ovate or elliptic, and glabrous. The flowers are reddish purple outside, and pale pinkish yellow inside, fruits are flat capsules, length up to 1, tapered at both ends, woody, seeds very many, flat, and white-winged, which is helpful to fly in the wind to get germinate.

Leaf Arrangement


Shape-Oblong Margin-Entire Venation-Reticulated
 longitudinal  Margin_Entire  Recticulate

Useful plant parts:

The roots, leaves, fruit, flowers and seeds.

Medicinal uses:

To treat Vata, Kapha, cardiac disorders, inflammations, dropsy, hiccough, cough, asthma, bronchitis, anorexia, diarrhea, dysentery, gout, vomiting, sprain, wounds, stomachic, and flatulence.

The roots are useful in dyspepsia, diarrhea, strangury, renal and vesical calculi, cough, asthma, hiccough, dyspepsia, hemorrhoids, hyper acidity, vomiting, dropsy, fever, and general debility. The leaves are useful in otalgia, odontalgia, rheumatalgia, malarial fever, and wounds. The flowers are useful in burning sensation, cardiopathy, hiccough, and general debility. The fruits are useful in vata and pitta. The seeds are useful for external application in hemicrania

Medicinal Properties:

The roots are bitter, acrid, anti-inflammatory, anti-rheumatic, aphrodisiac, cardio-tonic, astringent, anodyne, appetizer, constipating, diuretic, lithontriptic, expectorant, antibacterial, febrifuge and tonic. The fruits and flowers are sweet, cooling and astringent

Copy rights 2013-2024 Medicinal Plants India : All rights reserved.