Yellow berried nightshade

The scientific name of yellow berried nightshade: Solanum Xanthocarpum 

Name of yellow berried nightshade in different languages:-

Sanscrit: Kantakari and Nidigadhika

Hindi: Kateli, Katai and Ringani

Malayalam: Kandakarichunda കണ്ടകാരിച്ചുണ്ട

Plant description:-

Kantkari or yellow-berried nightshade is a very spiny shrub, grows up to 1.3 m tall, commonly found in wastelands, roadsides, in plantations as a weed. Leaves are big, green and bottom part contain thrones, many branched, stem are green and spiny, flowers are seen in clusters at the end of branches, pale blue or white in color, seeds are dark green, in clusters orange-red when ripe, contain a number of seed inside the berries.

Useful plant parts:

Fruits, Whole Plant.

Medicinal uses:

Kantkari or Yellow-berried nightshade. is useful in treating worms, cold, hoarseness of voice, fever, dysuria, migraine, asthma enlargement of the liver, muscular pain, spleen and stone in the urinary bladder, irregular menstruation, cardiac diseases associated with edema etc. The juice of berries can be used in the treatment of sore throat. Roots and seeds are administered in asthma and cough. Stem, flowers, and fruits are prescribed for relief in burning sensation of feet. Leaves are applied locally to reduce pain. One of the Dasamula (ten roots) of Ayurveda.

Leaf Arrangement

Shape-Palmate Margin-Lobate Venation-Reticulate
 Palmate-resemble-a-hand  Margin_Lobate  Recticulate

Chemical contents:

 Carpesterol, potassium nitrate, fatty acid, diosgenin, solanocarpidine, sitosterol, isochlorogenic acid etc.

How to prepare medicines:

The decoction of the root is given with honey is useful in the treatment of the cough problems.

Yellow-berried nightshade is  used as one of the ingredients in:-


Dasamoolarishtam Indukantam Ghritam Parpatakarishtam
Ajamamsa Rasayanam Kumkumadi Tailam Pippalyadi Ghrita
Ashwagandha Tailam Maha Panchagavya Ghrita Rajanyadi Choornam
Brihat Dashamoola Tailam Maha Triphaladi Ghrita Sahajaradi Kuzhambu
Dasamoola Panchakoladi Kashayam Maha Vishagarbha Tailam Sukumara Ghrita
Dashamoola Ghrita Mahanarayan thaialam Vidaryadi Ghritham
Dashamoola Shatpala Ghrita Nirgundiyadi Ghritham Vishnu Thailam
Dhanwantharam Kuzhambu Panchatikta Ghrita Vyaghri Taila
Dhanwanthararishtam Panchatikta Guggulu Ghrita Yavanyadi Choornam

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