Valerian plant

Scientific name of Valerian Plant: Valeriana wallichi

Name of Valerian in different languages:-

English: Indian Valerian, Valerian Jatamansi, Taggar

Sanskrit: Kalanusari, Nata

Hindi: Takaram- तगरम्

Tamil: Tagarai

Malayalam: Takaram- തകരം, Jadamanchi-ജടാമാഞ്ചി

Plant description:

It is an erect, perennial plant, found in the Himalayas region of India, it grows up to four feet tall, with leaves arranged pinnately, divided, and heart-shaped, Flowers are pink or white born on the leaf top as clusters. The roots are brown, hairy, and spindly mass. The rhizomes are the useful plant part used as medicines in Ayurveda, which is greenish-brown in color and hard.

Leaf Arrangement

Shape-Cordate Margin-Entire Venation-Arcuate
 Margin_Entire  Arcuated

Useful plant parts:

Root, rhizome

Medicinal uses:

To reduce high BP, stress, and anxiety, to cure muscle spasms and menstrual cramps, nervous, and eye disorders, asthma, menstrual disorders, muscle cramps, and blood and liver problems.

Chemical contents:

Alkaloids (Chatarine and Valerianine, valerenic acids), Arginine, hydroxy valerenic acid, acethoxy valerenic acid, Tyrosine, and Glutamine.

Valerian is used as an ingredient to prepare the Ayurvedic medicines like:

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