Spinous Kino Tree

The scientific name of Spinous Kino Tree: Bridelia retusa Spreng.

Name of Spinous Kino Tree in different languages:-

English: Spinous Kino Tree.

Sanskrit: Kaja, Kassi, Bahukandaki, Asana, Kandakasana.

Hindi: Kaja, Kassi

Malayalam: Mulluvenga, Mukkaini, Kaini, Mullankaini.

Plant description:

It is a medium tree, found throughout south India, commonly in deciduous forests, growing up to 20 meters in height. Leaves are simple, alternately arranged, ovate to oblong, acuminate, pubescent. Stems are armed with sharp spines, woody. Flowers are small, born in axillary spikes. Fruits are drupes, about 5 mm in diameter, and with a single seed.

Useful plant parts: Bark, leaf, Root

Medicinal uses:

To treat vitiated vatha, pitta, diabetes, diarrhea, leucorrhea, hemorrhoids, hemorrhage, dysentery, arthritis, poison bites, wounds, ulcers, menorrhagia. Root and bark are used as an astringent and as a liniment with gingelly oil in rheumatic problems.

Chemical content: gallic acid and ellagic acid.

Medicinal properties: Antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory.

Ayurveda uses

The Spinous Kino Tree, scientifically known as Pterocarpus marsupium, holds significant importance in Ayurvedic medicine. It is known for its potent medicinal properties, particularly in managing diabetes. The tree’s resin, known as ‘Kino,’ is utilized in various Ayurvedic formulations to support blood sugar regulation and promote overall health. Additionally, it is employed for its anti-inflammatory and wound-healing properties.


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