Scientific name of Sappanwood: Caesalpinia sappan

Name of Sappanwood in different languages:-

English: Japan wood, Brazel wood, sappan wood, Patanga.

Sanskrit: Kuchandana, Lohita, Patanga, Ranjana, Patranga.

Malayalam: Changappam-ചപ്പങ്ങം, Kuchandanam കുചന്ദനം, Pathimukam- പതിമുകം,പതിമുഖം.

Plant description:

Sappan wood -Caesalpinia sappan- is a shrubby or small sized tree, grows up to 10 m tall and the trunk is 14 cm diameter; bark is covered with many prickles, grayish brown in color. Leaves are dark green, arranged alternately, bipinnate and 20 to 45 cm long and 10 to 20 cm and wide, rounded at apex. Flowers are borne in terminal clusters. Seeds contain in a bean or pod which is ellipsoid and flattened, tapered at the apex, 18-20 mm long and 10-12 mm broad. The powdered or small piece of heartwood is boiled in water is used as drinking water.

Useful plant parts:


Leaf Arrangement


Shape-Bipinnate Margin-Entire Venation-Pinnate
 Bipinnate-Leaflet-also-pinnate  Margin_Entire  Venation-pinnate

Medicinal uses:

Wounds, skin disorders, diabetes, pita disorders

How to prepare medicines:

It is one of the ingredients in the Ayurveda medicines like:-


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