Saffron Plant

Scientific name of Saffron  Plant: Crocus sativus

Name of Saffron in different languages:-

English: Saffron crocus, Saffron Flower

Sanskrit: Vahlika, Kashmirajanman-कश्मीरजन्मन

Hindi: Kesar केसर

Tamil: Kumkumapoo

Malayalam: Kumgumapoo- കുങ്കുമപൂ, Kashmiram-കാശ്മീരം.

Plant description of Saffron plant

Saffron plant is found in Kashmir in India, it is a perennial plant, grow up to 30 cm in height and normally it bears four flowers, the leaves are vertical, narrow, commonly 5 to 11 leaves in a plant; grow up to 40 cm long, afar a  long period of hibernation, a purple bud appears, it blooms in October, petals are  five, violet to purple in color. The corm of Saffron is small brown, globules, up to 4.5 cm in diameter, it survives for one season and reproducing via division,  that corm-part  give rise to new plants. It is the most expensive spice of the world.

Useful plant parts:


Medicinal uses:

To treat asthma, whooping-cough, as an expectorant, insomnia, cancer,  shock, hemoptysis, pain, heartburn, atherosclerosis, flatulence, depression, Alzheimer’s disease, and  skin problems.

Chemical contents:

Picrocrocin, kaempherol, crocins and safranal, niacin, folic acid,  and riboflavin.

Medicinal Properties

Antiseptic,  anti-oxidant,  anti-convulsant, anti-depressant, digestive.

Saffron  flower is used as an ingredient to prepare the Ayurvedic medicines like:

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