English: Saffron crocus, Saffron Flower
Sanskrit: Vahlika, Kashmirajanman-कश्मीरजन्मन
Hindi: Kesar केसर
Malayalam: Kumgumapoo- കുങ്കുമപൂ, Kashmiram-കാശ്മീരം.
Saffron plant is found in Kashmir in India, it is a perennial plant, grow up to 30 cm in height and normally it bears four flowers, the leaves are vertical, narrow, commonly 5 to 11 leaves in a plant; grow up to 40 cm long, afar a long period of hibernation, a purple bud appears, it blooms in October, petals are five, violet to purple in color. The corm of Saffron is small brown, globules, up to 4.5 cm in diameter, it survives for one season and reproducing via division, that corm-part give rise to new plants. It is the most expensive spice of the world.
Useful plant parts:
To treat asthma, whooping-cough, as an expectorant, insomnia, cancer, shock, hemoptysis, pain, heartburn, atherosclerosis, flatulence, depression, Alzheimer’s disease, and skin problems.
Picrocrocin, kaempherol, crocins and safranal, niacin, folic acid, and riboflavin.
Antiseptic, anti-oxidant, anti-convulsant, anti-depressant, digestive.
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