English: Sponge gourd, Angled loofah, Ribbed gourd
Sanskrit: Tiktha koshathaki, Dharaphala, Garahari
Hindi: Jhimani, कड़वीतुरई – Karviturai
Tamil: Peyppirkam, Akacavenkkoti
Ribbed Gourd is a climber vine, lengthen up to 15 m., leaves are round, angled, lobed and covered with small hairs, up to 20 cm long, palmately 5 to 7 angled and scabrid. The flowers are yellow, five petalled both female and male flowers appear in the same plant, in axillaries. Fruits are long, ribbed, spongy, length up to 1 feet, used as a vegetable, ripen fruits contain fiber which is used as a washing brush, up to15 to 30 cm long, clavate-oblong, tapering to apex.
Useful plant parts:
Fruit, Leaf, root
Splenetic, hemorrhoids, ringworm, leprosy, purgative, emetic, seeds contain anthelmintic properties.
luffin, cucurbitacins, saponin glycoside, enzyme, amino acids, arginine, glycine, threonine, lysine, alanine, asparagines, aspartic, glutamic acids, oleanolic acid, and leucines.
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