English: Rough chaff, Devil’s horsewhip
Sanskrit: अपामार्ग Apamarga, Aghata
Hindi: Chirchira; Latjira, Onga
Malayalam: Kadaladi കടലാടി
Apamarga or Prickly chaff flower is an erect, annual herb grow up to about 1 to 1.5 meter in height, and with a woody base. Stems are simple, angular, ribbed, or branched from the base, often with a purple color, quadrangular, pubescent, leaves are thick sized 3.8 to 6.3 long and 2.5 to 4.5 cm wide, ovate – elliptic or rounded,, flowers greenish white, numerous in axillaries or terminal spikes long up to 75 cm, seeds are cylindrical, truncate at the apex, rounded at the base, reddish brown in color.
Useful plant parts:
To treat Vata, Kapha diseases, malaria, used as an abortifier, relieving acidity, their seed are used in easy and painless delivery( ground with water and applied on belly and pubic area).
Saponins, hydro carbons, oliyanic acid.
How to prepare medicines:
Ash made from whole plants with mixed honey is helpful to relieving cough.
Leaf juice is applied on fresh wounds and cuts to cure easily.
The ash made from the herb is used for removing warts and ulcers.
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