Pointed gourd

Scientific name of Pointed gourd: Trichosanthes dioica

Name of Pointed gourd in different languages:-

Sanskrit: Patola, Tikta, Rajiphala

Hindi: Paraval

Malayalam: Kattu Padavalam കാട്ടുപടവലം

Plant description:

The Pointed gourd plant is a perennial herb as a vine, commonly found in wasteland, roadsides, abandoned places, etc., The stem is dark green and thin, round, and spread over thee, walls with the help of tendrils, leaves are ovate, oblong, not lobed. Flowers are white, small, and tubular, fruits are round, and dark green with white stripe lengths up to 8 cm. Roots are tuberous with a long tap root system.

Leaf Arrangement

Shape-Cordate Margin-Entire Venation-palmate


Useful plant parts: 

Whole plant, including flower, seeds, and leaf.

Medicinal uses:

Fruit juice is used as a Virechana medicine, the decoction of the stem is used to treat Kapha (Expectorant), and also used to treat leprosy, and smallpox.

Ayurveda medicinal uses of Pointed Gourd

Ayurveda recognizes the Pointed Gourd (Parwal) for its therapeutic properties. It is used to:

  1. Digestive Aid: Eases digestion, alleviating issues like flatulence and indigestion.
  2. Blood Sugar Management: Helps regulate blood glucose levels.
  3. Respiratory Support: Relieves respiratory conditions like asthma and cough.
  4. Anti-inflammatory: Reduces inflammation in the body.
  5. Detoxification: Assists in eliminating toxins from the body.
  6. Skin Health: Treats skin disorders and promotes a healthy complexion.
  7. Weight Management: Aids in weight loss due to its low calorie and high fiber content.
  8. Anti-Microbial: Exhibits antimicrobial properties.
  9. Urinary Health: Supports kidney and urinary functions.
  10. Cardiovascular Health: Helps in maintaining healthy blood pressure levels.

Always consult an Ayurvedic practitioner or healthcare professional for personalized advice.

Chemical contents:

Tannins, saponins, alkaloids

How to prepare medicines:

The pointed gourd is one of the ingredients in Ayurveda medicines like-

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