Peacock Flower

Scientific name of Peacock Flower: Caesalpinia pulcherrima (Linn.) Swartz

Name of Peacock Flower in different languages:-

English: Poinciana, Red Bird of Paradise

Sanskrit: Sidhakya, Krishnamalli

Hindi: Guletura, Dasamantharam

Malayalam: Rajamalli രാജമല്ലി, Krishnamally-കൃഷ്ണമല്ലി, Dasamandaram-ദശമന്താരം

Plant description:

Peacock Flower – Caesalpinia pulcherrima (Linn.) Swartz – is a shrub growing to the height of 3 m tall, some are armed with thorns. The leaves are bipinnate, up to 40 cm long, bearing about 3 to 10 pairs of pinnae, leaflets 15 to 25 mm long. The flowers are in clusters are borne in racemes, length up to 20 cm, yellow, orange or red in colour. The fruit is a pod 6 to 12 cm long.

Useful plant parts:

Root, leaf, seed

Leaf Arrangement

Shape-Odd-pinnate Margin-Entire Venation-Reticulate
 Margin_Entire  Recticulate

Medicinal uses:

Anti-inflammatory and antiulcer, tonic, stimulant

Chemical content:

Diterpenoids, glycosides, Peltogynoids, sitosterol


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