Synonyms: Achyranthes lanata Linn., Aerva floribunda Wight
Sanskrit: Astmabayda, bhadra, Barduka
Hindi: Chaya, Gorakhbuti or Kapuri jadi.
Malayalam: Cheroola ചെറൂള, Balippovu ബലിപ്പൂവ്
Mountain knotgrass (Aerva lanata (Linn.) Juss.ex Schultes) is an annual, erect, branching herb, grows up to 1 m tall, commonly found in plane areas, roadsides as a weed. Leaves are alternately arranged, ovoid and 4 cm long. Flowers are dull white and grow in the leaf axils, as tiny clusters and sized 2.5 mm long and covered all part of the stem, flowering is May to October. The root of the plant is aromatic like camphor. This is one of ten sacred flowers of Kerala (Dasapushpam).
Useful plant parts: Whole plant
Medicinal uses: to treat the cough problems, burn, Pita, bleeding, worm infestation, kidney stone, one among Dasapushpam group.
Alkaloids – ervine, methylervine, methylaervine, aervoside, ervoside, aervine, ervolanine, and aervolanine
Flavanoids-kaempferol, quercetin, persinosides A and B and isorhamnetin, persinol.
methyl grevillate, β-sitosteryl acetate and tannic acid and lupeol, lupeol acetate benzoic acid, .
Anti-diabetic, anti parasitic, anti fertility , antimicrobial, diuretic, hypolipidemicanti-inflammatory, hypoglycemic, hepoprotective, anti-urolithiasis and anti asthmatic.
It is one of the ingredients in the Ayurveda medicines like-
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