Malabar Nut

Scientific name of Malabar Nut: Adhatoda vasica / Adhatoda beddomei

Synonyms:  A. zeylanica Medicus

Family:  Acanthaceae

Name  of Malabar Nut in different languages:

English:  Malabar nut

Punjabi:  Bhekar

Tamil:  Adatodai

Telungu:  Addasaram

Sanskrit: Vasa, Vasaka

Hindi: Adusa, Arusha

Malayalam: Adalodakam-ആടലോടകം, Chittadalodakam-ചിറ്റാടലോടകം.

Plant description:

Malabar nut or Vasaka is an evergreen/ perennial shrub that has leathery leaves, it grows up to 8 feet tall, commonly found in normal climates of India, leaves are dark green in color and size 10 cm to 15 cm in length and 3 cm to 5 cm wide with lance-shaped, they are bitter in taste. The trunk has many ascending branches, the bark is yellowish in color, the flowers are white and the fruits are with club-shaped capsules.

Useful plant parts:

Leaf, bark, root, and flower.

Leaf Arrangement

Shape-Lanceolate Margin-Entire Venation-Reticulate
 Margin_Entire  Recticulate

Medicinal uses:

To treat bronchial problems like cough, cold, whooping cough, asthma, and bronchitis, prevent bleeding, Fever, Tuberculosis, Chest pain, and heal wounds.

Chemical content:

Root: vasicoline, adhatodine and anisotine besides vasicine, vasicinone, and vasicinol.

Leaves: pyrrolo (2, 1b) quinazoline alkaloids, 1-vasicine, 1-vasicinone, vasicol, anisotine, 3-hydroxy-anisotine and vasnetineCarotene and Vitamin-C, vasisen ( increase platelet count).

Medicinal Properties:

Expectorant, diuretic, alterative, ophthalmic

How to prepare medicines:

The root is ground well to pulp and applied on the bottom belly of pregnant ladies to make delivery easily. One tablespoon leaf juice mixed with one tablespoon honey and drink thrice a day can cure the chronic-cough. Using as an ingredient in many of Ayurveda medicines for the treatments of cough.

Crushed leaves can applied  skin ailments, it is beneficial to treat worms and Rheumatoid Arthritis (Amavatam). It is also effective to relive the rheumatic pain of dislocated joint.


Propagation is done by seeds and vegetative propagation(Cutting stem).

Malabar Nut is one of the ingredients in Ayurveda medicines like-

Vasachandanadi Taila

Vyaghri Tailam

Maha Vishagarbha Tailam

Prameha Mihira Taila 






Patoladi Ghrita

Vajraka Ghrita

Tonset Capsule

Balajeerakadhi Kashyam

Darvyadi Kashaya

Elakanadi Kashayam

Gojihwadi Kashaya

Jeevanthyadi Kashayam

Kutajashtaka Kashaya

Mahatiktam kashayam

Patoladi Kashayam

Rasnairandadi Kashayam

Vasaguluchyadi Kashayam

Vajrakam Kashayam 

Prameha Mihira Taila

Maha vishagarpha Thailam

Dadhika Ghrita

Maha Triphaladi Ghrita

Mahatiktaka Ghrita 

Panchatikta Guggulu Ghrita

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