Madagascar periwinkle

The scientific name of Madagascar periwinkle- Catharanthus roseus

Name of Madagascar periwinkle in different languages:-

English: Cape Periwinkle, Rose Periwinkle, Rosy Periwinkle

Sanskrit: Ushamalry, Nithyakalyani

Hindi: Sadabahar सदाबहार

Malayalam: Nithyakalyani-നിത്യകല്യാണി, Shavakkottappacha- ശവക്കോട്ടപ്പച്ച, Ushamalari- ഉഷമലരി, Adam-Hawa chedi

Tamil: Nithyakalyani – நித்திய_கல்யாணி

Plant description:-

Madagascar periwinkle or Adam Hawa chedi (Catharanthus roseus) is an evergreen shrub or herbaceous plant, which grows up to 1 m tall. Leaves are glossy green, ovate-oblong, oppositely arranged, flowers are white to red, and five petals; the basal tube is 2.5 to 3 cm long and a corolla is 2 to 5 cm in diameter. Fruits are pairs of follicles 2 to 3.5 cm long and 2.5 mm wide; seeds are brown and small and contain 10-15 capsules. The roots and shoots are the useful plant parts. This is a toxic plant.

Useful plant parts:

Leaf, root, the whole plant

Leaf Arrangement

Shape-ovate-oblong Margin-Entire Venation-Pinnate
 oblong  Margin_Entire  Venation-pinnate


Medicinal uses:

To treat cancer, especially in leukemia treatment (Chemotherapy medicine) (vinblastine and vincristine), blood pressure, diabetes, pita, Kapha.

Chemical content:

Rosinidin, Vinca alkaloid, Ajmaclin, Alkaloids such as vinblastine, vindoline & vincristine.

How to prepare medicines:

It is a toxic plant.

It is used in the preparation of cancer medicine

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