English: Cape Periwinkle, Rose Periwinkle, Rosy Periwinkle
Sanskrit: Ushamalry, Nithyakalyani
Hindi: Sadabahar सदाबहार
Malayalam: Nithyakalyani-നിത്യകല്യാണി, Shavakkottappacha- ശവക്കോട്ടപ്പച്ച, Ushamalari- ഉഷമലരി, Adam-Hawa chedi
Tamil: Nithyakalyani – நித்திய_கல்யாணி
Madagascar periwinkle or Adam Hawa chedi (Catharanthus roseus) is an evergreen shrub or herbaceous plant, which grows up to 1 m tall. Leaves are glossy green, ovate-oblong, oppositely arranged, flowers are white to red, and five petals; the basal tube is 2.5 to 3 cm long and a corolla is 2 to 5 cm in diameter. Fruits are pairs of follicles 2 to 3.5 cm long and 2.5 mm wide; seeds are brown and small and contain 10-15 capsules. The roots and shoots are the useful plant parts. This is a toxic plant.
Useful plant parts:
Leaf, root, the whole plant
To treat cancer, especially in leukemia treatment (Chemotherapy medicine) (vinblastine and vincristine), blood pressure, diabetes, pita, Kapha.
Rosinidin, Vinca alkaloid, Ajmaclin, Alkaloids such as vinblastine, vindoline & vincristine.
How to prepare medicines:
It is a toxic plant.
It is used in the preparation of cancer medicine
Copy rights 2013-2023 Medicinal Plants India : All rights reserved.