Scientific name of Lotus: Nelumbo nucifera

Name of Lotus in different languages:

English: Indian lotus, sacred lotus, bean of India

Sanskrit: Padma, Rajeevam, Ulpalam, Shathapatram

Hindi: Kanwal

Malayalam: Thamara താമര

Plant description:

It is a water plant, leaves are big, about 60 cm in diameter, and ovate, heart-shaped, dark green, float on top of the water surface, the stem is round and long fixed to rhizomes in underwater soil, stem growing according to the water level. Flowers are pink, petals long, tapered on both ends, globose about 20 cm diameter, on thick stems rising over water surface about 30-35 cm above water level. It is the National flower of India.

Leaf Arrangement

Shape-Round Margin-Crenate Venation-Dichotomous

Useful plant parts:

Rhizome, stem, flower

Chemical content:

Thiamin, Nayasin, Riboflavin, alkaloids, nuciferine, and aporphine.

Medicinal uses:

Used in cosmetic treatments, spleen, kidney, heart disorders, sexual weakness, leukorrhea in women, and diarrhea.

It is one of the ingredients in Ayurveda medicines like-


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