English: Indian lotus, sacred lotus, bean of India
Sanskrit: Padma, Rajeevam, Ulpalam, Shathapatram
Malayalam: Thamara താമര
It is a water plant, leaves are big, about 60 cm in diameter, and ovate, heart-shaped, dark green, float on top of the water surface, the stem is round and long fixed to rhizomes in underwater soil, stem growing according to the water level. Flowers are pink, petals long, tapered on both ends, globose about 20 cm diameter, on thick stems rising over water surface about 30-35 cm above water level. It is the National flower of India.
Useful plant parts:
Rhizome, stem, flower
Thiamin, Nayasin, Riboflavin, alkaloids, nuciferine, and aporphine.
Used in cosmetic treatments, spleen, kidney, heart disorders, sexual weakness, leukorrhea in women, and diarrhea.
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