Lodh tree

The Scientific name of the Lodh tree: is Symplocos cochinchinensis

Name of Lodh tree in different languages:-

English: Chunga, Symplocos tree.

Sanskrit: Lodhra, Mahalodhra, Bhillataru

Hindi: Bholiya, Sodha

Malayalam: Pachotti-പാച്ചോറ്റി, Parala

Tamil: li lotai, Velli leti

Plant description:

The Lodh tree is an evergreen tree, that grows up to 15 m high, the bark is smooth creamy white, light grey, and thin, the leaves are simple, arranged alternately, estipulate; petiole up to 15 mm, slender, glabrous, elliptic, elliptic- elliptic-oblong, base and apex acute. Flowers are white, born in axillaries, simple and 7 cm long, corolla 1 cm across, five-lobed, ovate. Fruit is a drupe, glabrous, 8 mm across, globose ribbed, purple; seeds are oblong up to 3 numbers.

Leaf Arrangement


Shape-Elliptic-oblong Margin-Denticulate Venation-Reticulated
 longitudinal  Recticulate

Useful plant parts:

Bark, leaf.

Medicinal uses:

To heal wounds; treat Kapha disorders, leucorrhoea, stop bleeding, inflammations and swellings, excessive bleeding, asthma, cough, ulcers,  arthritis, leucorrhoea, diarrhea, and skin diseases.

Chemical contents:

Symposide, loturine, colloturine loturidine

Ayurveda medicinal uses of Lodh Tree

  1. Fertility and Reproductive Health: Used to support female reproductive health and address issues like irregular menstruation.
  2. Anti-inflammatory: Alleviates inflammation, making it useful for conditions like arthritis.
  3. Gynecological Disorders: Addresses conditions like excessive bleeding and uterine fibroids.
  4. Wound Healing: Applied topically for its wound-healing properties.
  5. Digestive Aid: Supports healthy digestion and relieves gastrointestinal discomfort.
  6. Anti-diabetic: Helps regulate blood sugar levels.
  7. Respiratory Health: Used in conditions like cough and asthma.
  8. Dysentery Relief: Traditionally used to alleviate symptoms of dysentery.
  9. Skin Disorders: Applied topically for conditions like eczema and dermatitis.
  10. Antimicrobial Properties: Contains properties that may help combat infections.

As with any herbal remedy, it’s crucial to consult with a qualified Ayurvedic practitioner before using the Lodh Tree for medicinal purposes. They can provide personalized advice based on individual health conditions and potential interactions with other medications or treatments. Additionally, it’s important to note that the Lodh Tree should be used with caution and under professional guidance, especially for pregnant or breastfeeding individuals.

It is used as an ingredient to prepare the Ayurveda medicines like:

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