Family : Bixaceae
English: Annatto plant, Aploppas, Achiote
Hindi: लटकन Latkan, Sinduriya
Malayalam: Kurangumanjal കുരങ്ങുമഞ്ഞൾ, Kuppamanjal.
Sanskrit : Sinduri
Tamil : Sappira virai, Uragumanjal
Useful plant parts:
Leaf, flower, powder of seeds and leaf, oil
Bixa orellana- lipstick tree is a fruiting shrub, that grows up to 20 feet tall. Leaves are large 5 to 15 cm long, 4 to 11 cm broad, pointed, and dark green. Flowers are pink, and 5 cm broad; occur in clusters with five petals above the foliage, flowering starts in October to December. Fruit are spiny, ovoid, red, and 2.5 to 5 cm long, Seeds contained in the pod contain 500 seeds inside, ovate, with a scarlet covering.
leaves used to treat malaria and Leishmaniasis, blood purifiers, jaundice, in dysentery, and used against intermittent fevers, gonorrhea, and dysentery. Annatto dye used for coloring edible material
Bixin, Norbixin, Methylbixin, Tomentosic acid, Bixa ghanene, Bisulphates of Apigenin, Luteolin, Hypolaetin, Ishwarane (in seed oil). Seeds: Methyl 9’ Z-apo- 6’- lycopenoate, Apocarotenoid-bixin, Norbixin, Methyl bixin. Leaves: Bixaghanene (Ishwarane)
diuretic, laxative, astringent agents, antibilious, antiemetic
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