English: Wild wheat
Hindi: Guru samkru
Malayalam: Kakkappalunku, Poochakkuru
It is an erect perennial grass, found throughout India, growing up to 1.5 m high with basal rooting nodes, internodes smooth, and polished. Leaves, narrowed from a broad cordate base to an acuminate tip, smooth on both surfaces, with slender nerves and spinulose serrate margins; midrib stout; sheaths long, smooth; ligule a very narrow membrane. Racemes nodding or drooping from long peduncles; rachis within the bract slender, above the bract stout, notched at the nodes. Male spike lets 10 – 13 mm long, subsequent, imbricating. Lower involucral glume 10 mm long, elliptic-lanceolate, acute, concave, many nerved. upper involucral glume similar to the lower but not winged, 5-9 nerved; lower floral glume oblong-lanceolate, hyaline, paleate, triandrous, 3-5 nerved; upper floral glume similar, paleate, triandrous or empty. Anthers are 5 mm long, and orange. Fruit subglobose or ellipsoid, bluish grey, 6-10 mm long, smooth, polished.
Useful plant parts: Roots and seeds
Medicinal uses: Strangury, pneumonia, diet drinks for invalids and pectoral diseases
Chemical content: Leucine, tyrosine, histidine, lysine, arginine, and coicin.
Medicinal properties: Diuretic, cathartic, depurative
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