Scientific name of Jivanti: Holostemna Annularis

Synonyms:  Holostemma annulare (Roxb) K.Schum., Holostemma rheedi Wall., Holostemma rheedianum auct non Spreng

Family:  Asclepiadaceae

Name of Jivanti in different languages:

English: Holostemma Creeper

Sanskrit: Arkapushpi, ksheerini, Payaswini, Nagavalli.

Hindi: Chareevela

Malayalam: Adapathiyan-അടപതിയൻ, Jivanti.

Gujarat: Khiravel

Tamil: Palay kirai

Telungu: Palagurugu

Plant description:

It is a medicinal herb, an evergreen vine with board leaves 7-15 cm in length and 5-10 cm in breadth, top of the leaf is smooth and the bottom part is hairy. It produces milky latex so it is called milk vine. The rhizome is the useful part that changes its weight according to its age and content of protein.

Leaf Arrangement

Shape-Triangle Margin-Entire Venation-Cross venulated
 triangle  Margin_Entire  Venation-Cross-venulate

Useful plant parts:

Rhizome, latex, Flower and Root

Medicinal uses:

Pregnancy care, Eye care, and Skin diseases, ulcers, wounds, gonorrhea, coughs, and stomachache. The milky Latex of the plant is applied to heal ulcers and wounds, It is useful in eye troubles, blood vomiting, decaying, and burning sensation, and removes deranged bile, fever, constipation, and cough.

Chemical contents:

Bark: alpha-Amyrin, beta-sitosterol, lupeol, alanine, aspartic acid, glycine, serine, threonine, and valine.

Medicinal Properties:

Cooling, digestive, alternate, aphrodisiac, emollient, expectorant, galactagogue, ophthalmic, refrigerant, anti-rheumatic, anti-diabetic, rejuvenating, sweet, and tonic.

 Propagations: The plant is propagated by stem cuttings, mainly by seeds.

How to prepare medicines:

Roots are cooked in milk and allowed to dry in sunlight and made as powder, this can be mixed with milk (6 grams) and have daily before bed. It is mainly used in medicine for eye diseases, and the immunity power increases. The milky Latex of the plant is applied to heal ulcers and wounds; the root paste is applied for eye inflammation and inflammation of the testes.


The plant is propagated vegetatively by stem cuttings, but mainly by seeds

Harvesting and Processing:  Harvesting can be done at the end of the second year when the vines start drying up. Roots are collected by deep digging and cleaned thoroughly in water. The tubers are cut into pieces of 10 cm length and dried in the sun before sale.

It is  one of the ingredients in the Ayurveda medicines like-

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