Java wood

The scientific name of Java wood: Bischofia javanica

Name of Java Wood in different languages:-

English: Bishop wood, Bischofia, Toog, Autumn Maple

Hindi: Bhillar, पनियाला Paniala

Malayalam: Cholavenga, Chorakkali

Tamil: Thondi, Milachityan

Plant description:

It is a Western Ghats deciduous tree, grows up to 30 m high; bark brown, branches spreading. Leaves tri-foliate, 4 to 8 inches in size, alternately arranged, up to 18 cm and 9 cm broad, elliptic, elliptic-ovate, orbicular, base round, apex acuminate, margin serrate, glabrous, slender, prominent, reticulated and faint. Flowers are green, born in the axillary. Fruit is a berry,  globose, reddish-brown in color, 1.3 cm across; 6 to 8 seeded, oblong, trigonous, borne in clusters.

Leaf Arrangement

Shape-Oblong Margin-Entire Venation-Reticulated
 oblong  Margin_Entire  Recticulate

Useful plant parts:

leaf, root, bark, and fruits

Medicinal uses:

To treat Blood cancer, inflammation, sore throat, burns, tuberculosis, diarrhea, allergies, pharyngitis, tonsillitis and skin problems.

Chemical content:

Ursolic acid, β-sitosterol, tannin, ellagic acid, fredelin.

Medicinal properties:


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