Indian Kino

The Scientific name of Indian Kino: Pterocarpus maruspium

Name of Indian Kino in different languages:

English: Indian Kino Tree, Malabar kino, Gummy Kino, Benga

Sanskrit: Bijaka, Pitasala, Asana

Hindi: Vijayasara

Malayalam: Venga വേങ്ങ, Bijaka ബിജക

Plant description:

Venga-vithuIndian Kino or Venga (Pterocarpus maruspium) is a tropical forest, Western Ghats deciduous tree, up to the altitude of 1000m., it grows to 30m tall, leaves are green, ovate, tapered apex, is hard, and sized up to 13 cm long and 5 cm wide, flowers are yellow borne in clusters, fragrant, found in branch ends, fruits is single and winged, bark is grey, rough, produced a red resin.

Leaf Arrangement

Shape-Oblong Margin-Entire Venation-pinnate
 longitudinal  Margin_Entire  Venation-pinnate


Useful plant parts:

Heartwood, leaves, flowers

Medicinal uses:

Treatment of inflammation and diabetes, dysentery, removal of fat from blood, and antibiotics. 
Chemical content: 

Astringent, pterostilbene, epicatechin, pterostilbene, kinotannic acid, beta-eudesmol, liquiritigenin, isoliquiritigenin, isoliquiritigenin, Pterostilbene, Alkaloids, Tannins, marsupol, kinoin, kino-red liquiritigenin, pterosupin.

How to prepare medicines for Indian Kino:

Heartwood decoction is useful in treating diabetic problems.

Indian Kino is one of the ingredients in the Ayurveda medicines like-

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