Indian Elm

The Scientific name of Indian Elm: Holoptelea integrifolia

Name of Indian Elm in different languages:-

Sanskrit: Chirivilva, Pootikaranja

Hindi: chilbil, kanju, papri

English: Entire-leaved elm tree, South Indian elm, Jungle cork tree

Malayalam: Aaval- ആവൽ, Njettaval- ഞെട്ടാവിൽ

Plant description:

Indian Elm is a medium-sized deciduous tree, that grows up to 25 m in height, bark is whitish or yellowish-grey, with irregular flakes, and leaves are simple, alternate, elliptic, entire, and glabrous with base rounded and 5 to 7 pairs of main nerves; the flowers greenish yellow, short racemes or fascicles; fruits are flat, round margin with veined wings, single seed at center.

Leaf Arrangement

Shape-Elliptic Margin-Entire Venation-pinnate
 longitudinal  Margin_Entire  Venation-pinnate


Useful plant parts:

Bark, seed and leaves

Medicinal uses:

To treat severe conditions of kapha and pita, to treat rheumatism, inflammations, vomiting, skin diseases, leprosy, diabetes, flatulence, colic, and hemorrhoids.

Chemical contents:

Saponins, tannins, amino acids, flavonoids, astringent, thermogenic, carbohydrates, proteins, acrid.

It is used as an ingredient to prepare the Ayurveda medicines like:

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