Sanskrit: Chirivilva, Pootikaranja
Hindi: chilbil, kanju, papri
English: Entire-leaved elm tree, South Indian elm, Jungle cork tree
Malayalam: Aaval- ആവൽ, Njettaval- ഞെട്ടാവിൽ
Indian Elm is a medium-sized deciduous tree, that grows up to 25 m in height, bark is whitish or yellowish-grey, with irregular flakes, and leaves are simple, alternate, elliptic, entire, and glabrous with base rounded and 5 to 7 pairs of main nerves; the flowers greenish yellow, short racemes or fascicles; fruits are flat, round margin with veined wings, single seed at center.
Useful plant parts:
Bark, seed and leaves
To treat severe conditions of kapha and pita, to treat rheumatism, inflammations, vomiting, skin diseases, leprosy, diabetes, flatulence, colic, and hemorrhoids.
Saponins, tannins, amino acids, flavonoids, astringent, thermogenic, carbohydrates, proteins, acrid.
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