Indian Banyan tree

Scientific name of Indian Banyan tree: Ficus benghalensis lin

Name of Indian Banyan tree in different languages:

English: Indian fig

Sanskrit: Nyagroda

Hindi: Vad vruksha, Bodhi vrukha

Malayalam: Peral പേരാൽ

Plant description:-

The Indian Banyan tree, scientifically known as Ficus benghalensis, is a large and iconic tree species native to the Indian subcontinent and parts of Southeast Asia. It belongs to the mulberry family (Moraceae) and is renowned for its massive size, unique growth habit, and cultural significance.

Appearance: The Indian Banyan is a deciduous tree with a wide, spreading canopy that can cover a large area. It has a prominent and extensive root system that gives rise to aerial roots, which hang down from its branches and eventually grow into secondary trunks. These aerial roots help support the tree and contribute to its striking appearance. The leaves are elliptical in shape and have a glossy green color.

Growth and Propagation: The Indian Banyan tree typically starts its life as an epiphyte, germinating on a host tree or structure. As it grows, it sends down aerial roots that establish contact with the ground and grow into additional trunks, eventually enveloping and often strangling the host tree. This growth habit gives the Indian Banyan its characteristic “strangler fig” reputation.

Cultural and Spiritual Significance: The Indian Banyan tree holds immense cultural and spiritual significance in various Asian religions and is often considered sacred. It is associated with Lord Shiva in Hinduism and is considered a symbol of longevity and immortality. Many temples and sacred sites are located under the shade of these majestic trees, and people often offer prayers and seek spiritual solace near them.

Overall, the Indian Banyan tree is a majestic and culturally important species that serves as a symbol of interconnectedness and vitality in the diverse landscapes of South Asia and Southeast Asia.

Leaf Arrangement

Shape-Oblong Margin-Entire Venation-pinnate


Useful plant parts:

Bark, flower, leaf, and seed.

Medicinal uses:

To treat vomiting, VD, skin disorders, loose motion, diabetes, ulcers, allergy etc.

Ayurveda uses of Indian Banyan tree

The Indian Banyan tree (Ficus benghalensis) holds a special place in Ayurveda, the traditional system of medicine in India. Various parts of the tree, including its bark, leaves, roots, and latex, have been used for their medicinal properties. Here are some of the Ayurvedic uses of the Indian Banyan tree:

  1. Digestive Health:
    • The bark of the Indian Banyan tree is known for its digestive properties. It is used to treat conditions like diarrhea and dysentery.
    • A decoction made from the bark is believed to help in improving digestion and relieving gastrointestinal discomfort.
  2. Wound Healing:
    • The latex of the Banyan tree has been used topically to help heal wounds and injuries. It is believed to have antimicrobial properties.
  3. Respiratory Disorders:
    • The leaves and bark of the tree have been used in traditional remedies for respiratory issues like coughs, colds, and bronchitis.
  4. Oral Health:
    • The twigs of the Banyan tree have been traditionally used as toothbrushes. Chewing on these twigs is believed to help maintain oral hygiene and prevent dental problems.
  5. Urinary Disorders:
    • Various parts of the Banyan tree have been used to treat urinary problems and disorders.
  6. Antimicrobial and Anti-inflammatory Properties:
    • Compounds found in different parts of the tree, including the leaves, have demonstrated antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties in scientific studies.
  7. Antioxidant Activity:
    • Some studies have suggested that extracts from the Indian Banyan tree possess antioxidant properties, which can help protect the body from oxidative stress.
  8. Skin Conditions:
    • The latex and extracts from the tree have been used in traditional remedies for skin conditions like eczema and psoriasis.
  9. Hemorrhoids:
    • The bark of the Indian Banyan tree has been used in Ayurveda to address hemorrhoids.
  10. Menstrual Disorders:
    • Some traditional Ayurvedic formulations include components from the Banyan tree to help regulate menstrual cycles.

It’s important to note that while the Indian Banyan tree has a long history of use in Ayurvedic medicine, scientific research on its specific medicinal properties and efficacy is ongoing. Always consult with a qualified healthcare practitioner or an Ayurvedic expert before using any herbal remedies for therapeutic purposes.

It is one of the ingredients in Ayurveda medicines like-

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