The scientific name of Henbane: Hyocyamus niger

Name of Henbane in different languages:-

English: stinking nightshade, Devils Eyes

Sanskrit: Kunturushka, Parseek yawani

Hindi: Khurasani ajwain

Tamil: Kurasani Yomam

Malayalam: Kusharani- കുശറാണി

Plant description:

Henbane is a deadly poisonous plant, that belongs to Solanaceae family, found all over the world, it is a biennial herb that grows up to 1 meter tall, leaves are arranged alternately, with irregular lobs, and covered with hair, the flowers are big, veined, yellow and large. The whole plant has an unpleasant smell, sometimes causing nausea.

Useful plant parts: Leaves, Flower, Seed

Medicinal uses: To treat mental disorders, relieve rheumatic pains.,local pains of gout or neuralgia.

Chemical contents: scopolamine, atropine, and alkaloid-Hyoscyamine

Ayurveda uses of Henbane

Henbane (Hyoscyamus niger) is a toxic plant that has been used in traditional medicine practices, including Ayurveda, although its use is not recommended due to its potentially dangerous effects. In Ayurveda, Henbane is known as “Vatsanabha” or “Brahmadandi.”

However, it’s important to note that the use of Henbane is highly discouraged in modern herbal medicine and is considered unsafe for consumption. The plant contains tropane alkaloids, including hyoscyamine, scopolamine, and atropine, which can be toxic and potentially lethal in high doses.

Historically, Henbane has been used for various purposes in traditional medicine, including:

  1. Pain Relief: In very small quantities, Henbane was used to alleviate pain, but this practice is extremely risky due to the high toxicity of the plant.
  2. Sedation: It was sometimes used as a sedative, but again, this is not recommended due to the high risk of toxicity.
  3. Respiratory Conditions: In the past, it was used to treat respiratory conditions like asthma and bronchitis, but safer and more effective alternatives are available today.
  4. Psychotropic Effects: Some cultures historically used Henbane for its hallucinogenic properties, but this is highly dangerous and not recommended.

Due to its high toxicity and the potential for serious side effects or overdose, Henbane is not considered a safe or appropriate herbal remedy in modern healthcare. It’s crucial to consult with a qualified healthcare professional before using any herbal remedy, and in the case of Henbane, it’s best to avoid its use altogether. Always rely on safer and more well-studied alternatives for any health concerns you may have.


Henbane is used as an ingredient to prepare the Ayurvedic medicines like:

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