Gum arabic tree

Scientific name of Gum arabic tree: Acacia nilotica/ Acacia arabica

Name  of Gum arabic tree in different languages:

English: Prickly acacia, Rusty Acacia, Thorn tree, Egyptian mimosa, Egyptian thorn,  Babool, Babul.

Sanskrit: Arimedham, Babboola

Hindi: Babool

Malayalam: Karivelam കരിവേലം, Karuvelamകരുവേലം

Plant description:

Thorn Mimosa is a small or medium spiny tree, evergreen, grow 7 to 13 m tall,  stem diameter up to 30 cm. The crown is low, spreading  symmetrically, and rounded umbrella-shaped. The bark is  dark brown to black, A gum is presented in the bark, which is called ‘Gum Arabic’. The leaves are bipinnate, up to 7 cm long, with 2 – 14 pairs of pinnae, leaflets are 1.5 – 7 mm long. The flowers are bright yellow in color, borne on globe-shaped heads, sweetly scented.  Fruits are pods contain  8-16 seeds.

Leaf Arrangement

Shape-Bi-pinnate Margin-Entire Venation-pinnate

Useful plant parts:

Leaf, root, stem, and  gum (Gum arabic).

Medicinal uses of Gum arabic tree:

To treat Gonorrhea, dysentery,  diarrhoea, diabetics, to stop bleeding, breast milk increase, the bark is chewed to protect against scurvy.

Chemical content:


Medicinal Properties: 

Antiseptic  expectorant

How to prepare medicines:

The root of the plant is used to treat tuberculosis; wood is used to treat smallpox, crushed leaves are poultice and used to treat ulcers.

Gum arabic tree is the one of the ingredients in the Ayurveda medicines like-

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