Fish Poison Plant

Scientific name of Fish poison: Tephrosia purpurea

Name of Fish poison in different languages:-

English: Wild indigo

Sanskrit: Matsyavisha

Hindi: Sarphonk, Sharpunkha

Malayalam: Kozhinjil-കൊഴിഞ്ഞിൽ

Plant description:

Wild Indigo (Tephrosia purpurea) is a flowering perennial herb ( or shrub) that grows to 50 cm in height, commonly in agricultural fields, watery areas and roadsides, deciduous forests, and grasslands upto500m altitude, it belongs to pea family, leaves are pinnate, alternately arranged, ovate, oblong and pale green, flowers are blue or purplish and seeds are contained in the flat hairy pods, downy-pubescent. Fruits can be seen throughout the year. The plant contains a toxic chemical called ‘tephrosin’, which is harmful to fish.

Leaf Arrangement

Shape-Odd-pinnate Margin-Entire Venation-Reticulate
 Margin_Entire  Recticulate

Useful plant parts:

Whole plant, leaf, seed

Medicinal uses:

To treat Vata and Kapha disorders, stomach pain, piles, blood purification, dyspepsia, diarrhea, rheumatism, asthma, and urinary disorders.

Chemical contents:

Tephrosin, antipyretic

It is one of the ingredients in Ayurveda medicines like-

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