English: Black Sapote, Indian Ebony, Ceylon Ebony, East Indian Ebony, Persimmon Ebony
Tamil: Vellathovarai, Thumbi, Karai
Malayalam: Karimaram, Katupanachi, Vayari and Karu
It is found in the forests of Kerala, Tamilnadu, and Karnataka areas; it is a large evergreen tree, that grows to 15 m high, the bark is rough, black or grey-black, the leaves are simple, alternately arranged, and the petiole 0.4 to 0.8 cm long, glabrous, elliptic or oblong, apex acuminate, obtuse. flowers solitary, very shortly peduncled, larger than the male ones. The fruits are berries, globose, size 2 cm across; seeds 3-8, calyx persistent and hard.
Useful plant parts:
Heartwood, wood oil, Unripe fruit, leaf, fruit, bark
To treat snake bites, diarrhea, biliousness, ulcers, epistaxis, burns, and scabies.
Lupeol, Betulin, Betulinic acid, Ursolic acid, Bauerenol, β-sitiosterol, Stigmasterol etc.
Carminative, astringent, laxative, aphrodisiac, and anti anemic.
Ebony, known as “Tendu” in Ayurveda, is a hardwood tree native to several regions including India. While it is not a commonly used medicinal plant in Ayurveda, some parts of the tree have been mentioned for certain therapeutic purposes:
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