Scientific name of Country kreat: Exacum bicolor
Name of Country kreat in different languages:-
English: Bicolor Persian Violet
Hindi: Avachiretta, Bara-charayatah
Malayalam: Kannanthali കണ്ണാന്തളി
Plant description of Country kreat:
Exacum bicolor, commonly known as Persian violet, is a species of flowering plant in the family Gentianaceae. This plant is native to Madagascar and is popular as a houseplant in many parts of the world due to its attractive flowers and relatively low maintenance requirements.
Here are some key characteristics and care tips for Exacum bicolor:
- Appearance: Exacum bicolor typically has dark green, glossy leaves and produces clusters of small, star-shaped flowers. The flowers are usually blue to purple in color with a yellow center, giving them a striking appearance.
- Light: It prefers bright, indirect light. Avoid placing it in direct sunlight for extended periods, as this can scorch the leaves.
- Watering: Keep the soil consistently moist but not waterlogged. Allow the top inch of soil to dry out before watering again. Ensure that the pot has good drainage to prevent water from accumulating at the roots.
- Temperature and Humidity: It thrives in average room temperatures (around 60-75°F or 15-24°C) and appreciates moderate humidity levels. If the air is dry, consider using a humidifier or placing the plant on a tray filled with water and pebbles.
- Fertilizer: Feed Exacum bicolor with a balanced, water-soluble fertilizer every 4-6 weeks during the growing season (spring and summer). Reduce or eliminate fertilizing in the fall and winter months when growth slows down.
- Repotting: Repot the plant when it becomes root-bound or outgrows its current container. This is typically done every 2-3 years in the spring.
- Pruning: Remove spent flowers to encourage new growth and extend the blooming period.
- Pests and Diseases: Keep an eye out for common houseplant pests like aphids, spider mites, and mealybugs. Treat infestations promptly with insecticidal soap or neem oil.
- Propagation: Exacum bicolor can be propagated through stem cuttings. Take a healthy stem cutting and plant it in well-draining soil. Provide appropriate care until it establishes roots.
- Blooming: With proper care, Exacum bicolor can bloom throughout the year, although it may have periods of more intense flowering.
Useful plant parts: Whole plant
Medicinal uses: Used as an ingredient in many of Ayurveda Kashayams, juice of plant pours in eyes to treat eye diseases, and also used to treat stomach disorders, urinary disorders,