Coromandal gooseberry

The scientific name of Coromandal gooseberry: Averrhoa carambola Linn.

Name of Coromandal gooseberry in different languages:-

English: Carambol, Carambola apple, Karazola, Star fruit

Sanskrit: Karmaranga, Karuka

Hindi: Kamarang

Malayalam: Chaturappuli-ചതുരപ്പുളി , Irumbanpuli, Karappola-കാരപ്പോള

Plant description:

Carrom ball or Starfruit (Averrhoa carambola) is an attractive, branching, with a short trunk, small evergreen tree, slow-growing tree, the branches drooping, and many branches make a broad, rounded crown with heavy foliage. The leaves are simple, compound, soft, medium-green, arranged spirally on branches, alternate and arranged pinnately, single terminal leaflet and 5-11 nearly opposite leaflets, each leaf up to 20 cm long, and up to 9 cm long, leaflets are ovate or oblong-ovate. Flowers born in branches, lilac or purple, downy, produced in leaf axils at the end of twigs, arranged in clusters at branch ends, or sometimes found on stems and trunk. The fruits are born in clusters, pale green, showy with an oblong shape, longitudinally 5 to 6 angled and up to 15 cm long and 9 cm wide, outer skin waxy orange-yellow colored when ripe, in cross-section they are in a star-shaped. seeds are flat, thin, and brown colored

Useful plant parts:

Root, fruit, bark

Medicinal uses:

To treat psoriasis, the roots of the tree is used to heal the swelling due to the bite of Russell’s viper.

Chemical Constituents:  

Fruits are rich source of oxalic acid, caramboxin (toxic)

It is used as an  Ingredient in the Ayurveda medicine like-

Kayasthadi Varti

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