The Scientific name of Citron: Citrus medica Linn

Name of Citron in different languages:-

English: Citron, wild lemon

Sanskrit: Matulunga, Madiphalam, vetas-वेतस

Hindi: Baranimbu, Bijaira

Tamil: Elumiccai-எலுமிச்சை, kommatti-matulai-கொம்மட்டிமாதுளை.

Malayalam: Ganapatinarakam-ഗണപതിനാരകം 

Plant description:

It is a shrub or small tree, a slow-growing, evergreen tree, reaching up to 15 ft., with stiff branches, twigs, and long spines in the leaf axils. The leaflets are leathery, ovate-elliptic, dark green with a citron scent. The flower buds are white or purplish. The flowers are fragrant, up to 5 petals, pinkish or purplish. The fruit is green and turns yellow when ripe, fragrant, oblong, rough, and bumpy outer which is thick and contains numerous seeds.

Useful plant parts:

Fruit, Root, Leaves

Medicinal uses:

To treat pulmonary disorders, digestive disorders, intestinal problems, expel intestinal worms, improve appetite, antispasmodic, the antidote for poison, abdominal colic, piles Antibiotics, jaundice, and skin diseases.

  1. Digestive Aid: Citron’s sour taste stimulates digestion, aiding in conditions like indigestion and flatulence.
  2. Antibacterial Properties: It possesses natural antibacterial agents, beneficial for combating infections.
  3. Immune Booster: Citron is rich in Vitamin C, enhancing immune function and supporting overall health.
  4. Detoxification: It aids in detoxifying the body, eliminating toxins, and promoting liver health.
  5. Cardiovascular Health: Citron may help regulate blood pressure and cholesterol levels.
  6. Respiratory Health: It is used for respiratory conditions like coughs and congestion.
  7. Skin Care: Citron’s juice and extracts are applied topically for skin conditions, offering antibacterial and rejuvenating properties.
  8. Antioxidant-Rich: It’s abundant in antioxidants, protecting cells from oxidative stress.
  9. Stress Reduction: Citron’s aroma may promote relaxation and reduce stress levels.
  10. Balances Pitta Dosha: In Ayurvedic terms, it helps balance the Pitta dosha, associated with digestion and metabolism.

Always consult with a qualified Ayurvedic practitioner or healthcare professional for personalized advice on using citron for medicinal purposes.

Chemical contents:

Abscisic Acid, Abscisin II, Citric acid, Limonene, Limocitrol, Sulphuric acid, glucose, and Rutin

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