English: Golden Champa, Joy Perfume Tree
Sanskrit: चम्पकः Champaka
Hindi: चम्पा Champa, सोन चम्पा Sona champa
Malayalam: Chembakam- ചെമ്പകം, Sworna chembakam- സ്വർണ ചെമ്പകം
Champa is an evergreen or semi-deciduous tall tree that grows up to 50 m., The leaves are elliptic or ovate, 10 to 20 cm and 4.5 to 10 cm wide, young leaves are velvet-hairy and blades are pale yellow, Leaf-stalks are 2 to 4 cm. Flowers are orange in color and fragrant, tepals are 15 to 20, inverted-lance shaped, 2-4 x 0.4-0.5 cm, flowering in June-September. Fruit is found in clusters of 7 to 15 cm; obovoid-ellipsoid, 1 to 1.5 cm, tuberculat, seeds occurs from September to October. Flowers are useful for making fragrant oils.
Useful plant parts:
Flowers, Bark, flower buds, Root skin
To treat cardiac disorders, malaria, inflammation, amenorrhoea, cough, dyspepsia, worm infestation, burning sensation, gout, ulcers, and wounds.
Iiriodenine, Macheline, Lanuginosine, Polyisoprenoid, Saponins,B- sitosterol, Liridenine, Champakin, Liriodenine, Micheliolide, Essential oil, tannins, Champacene, Linalool, triterpenoids, steroids, carbohydrates, Glycosides, and Resins.
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