Bullet wood Tree

The scientific name of Bullet wood: is Mimusops Elengi Linn

Name of Bullet Tree wood in different languages:-

Sanscrit: Elanji

Hindi: Maulsari

Malayalam: Elanji-എലഞ്ഞി, Elanji-ഇലഞ്ഞി

Plant description

Bulletwood is an evergreen tree growing at a height of 16 m tall. Leaves are dark green, glossy, and oval-shaped, it has 5 to 14 cm long and 2.5 to 6 cm wide, the blossom season is in April, and fruits occur in June. Flowers are cream in color and fragrant. The bark is dark brownish-black in color and thick.

Leaf Arrangement

Shape-lanceolate Margin-Undulate Venation- Reticulate

Traditional uses of Mimusops elengi in Ayurvedic medicine:

  1. Dental Health: The bark of the Bakul tree is traditionally used for its astringent and antimicrobial properties. It is believed to be beneficial for oral health, helping to treat issues like gum inflammation, toothaches, and bad breath.
  2. Respiratory Conditions: The flowers of Mimusops elengi are used in Ayurveda to address respiratory issues. They are believed to have expectorant properties, which can help in conditions like cough and bronchitis.
  3. Skin Conditions: The bark and leaves of the Bakul tree are used in traditional Ayurvedic formulations for their potential to soothe skin irritations, treat wounds, and alleviate skin conditions like eczema and psoriasis.
  4. Antimicrobial Properties: Various parts of the Mimusops elengi tree, including its bark and leaves, are believed to have antimicrobial properties. They may be used to treat various infections.
  5. Astringent Properties: The bark is known for its astringent properties, which means it can help in toning tissues and providing support for conditions characterized by excessive discharge or bleeding.
  6. Stress and Anxiety: In some traditional practices, Mimusops elengi is used for its potential to calm the mind and reduce anxiety. It is believed to have a soothing effect on the nervous system.
  7. Anti-inflammatory Properties: The tree’s various parts may have anti-inflammatory properties, which can be beneficial for conditions characterized by inflammation.
  8. Menstrual Health: Some traditional uses suggest that Mimusops elengi may have benefits for women’s health, particularly in regulating menstrual cycles and alleviating menstrual discomfort.
  9. Fever Management: In certain traditional practices, the bark and leaves of the Bakul tree are used to help manage fevers.

Useful plant parts:

Seeds, bark, flowers

Medicinal uses:

It is mainly used in dental treatments like gum bleeding; Extracts of flowers are used in many treatments like heart diseases, strong fever, headache, neck ache, shoulder ache, and other parts of the body.
The ripe fruit pounded and mixed with water is given to promote delivery in childbirth. The powdered dried flower is a brain tonic and useful as a snuff,  to relieve head-ache. The decoction of the bark is used as an antiseptic, so it is used to wash the wounds.

Chemical content:

Anti-toxin, Anti-duretic.

Used as an ingredient in the Ayurveda medicine:

Baladhatryadi Thailam


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