English: Indian hemp, Madras hemp, Sunn hemp
Hindi: San सन
Tamil: வாக்குன்னார் Vakkunnar
Malayalam: Kilukiluppa-കിലുകിലുപ്പ, Chanaka-ചനക
Brown hemp is an Annual herb, erect, commonly found as a weed in the waste land, road sides etc. It grows up to 1 meter tall, branches many, ascending, pubescent, the leaves are simple, arranged alternately, about 2.5 to 10.5 cm long, and 6–20 mm broad, oblong, obtuse or sub-acute, pubescent on both sides, leaves and young branches covered with white soft hairs, and with a silky peripheral. Flowers are small, yellow, Inflorescence an erect terminal and lateral raceme, up to 30 cm long. Fruits are pods, 2.5 to 3.2 cm long, sessile, pubescent,10 to 15-seeded commonly found in the fruit, flowering period is May to September.
Useful plant parts:
Roots, seeds, leaves.
Anti-ulcerogenic, to treat arthritis it is Toxic, Roots are astringent, Leaves are considered cooling, demulcent, purgative, emetic, emmenagogue and abortive.
In Ayurveda, Crotalaria juncea is not a prominent herb and is not extensively documented in traditional Ayurvedic texts.
That being said, some traditional and folk practices might utilize certain parts of the plant for specific purposes:
1. Fertility and Green Manure: In agriculture, Crotalaria juncea is valued for its ability to improve soil fertility. Its fast-growing nature and nitrogen-fixing properties make it a popular choice as a green manure crop.
2. Fiber Production: The plant’s fiber has been used traditionally for making ropes, twine, and coarse fabrics.
3. Animal Fodder: The leaves and young shoots of Crotalaria juncea may be used as fodder for livestock in certain regions.
It’s important to note that while Crotalaria juncea may have historical uses in various traditional and folk practices, scientific research on its potential therapeutic properties for human consumption or medicinal use is limited.
If you are considering using Crotalaria juncea for any purpose, it is crucial to consult with a qualified herbalist, Ayurvedic practitioner, or healthcare provider. They can provide guidance on its safe and appropriate use, potential interactions with medications or existing health conditions, and ensure that it aligns with your specific health needs. Additionally, due to its agricultural importance, it’s essential to ensure that any use of Crotalaria juncea is in compliance with local regulations and best practices.
Glycosides, Steroids, Triterpenes, Flavonoids, and Phenolics
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