English: Thyme-leaved bacopa, water hyssop, Herb of grace
Sanskrit: Seetakamini, Trayanthi, Bhekaparni
Malayalam: Neerbrahmi-നീർബ്രഹ്മി, Brahmi-ബ്രഹ്മി.
It is a perennial herb, commonly grown in wetland or swampy area like paddy field, it is a creeping herb, branching, and grow at an altitude above 1200 meter from sea level, leaves are succulent, oblong-ovate, 4 to 6 millimeter in size, arranged oppositely. The flowers are small, pale blue or white, with five petals, about 8 mm in diameter. Propagation is through cutting stems. It is an important medicinal plant in Ayurveda used as an ingredient in medicine to enhance memory power.
The plant is propagated through stem cuttings. Plow the area 2 or 3 times and prepare the land for sowing. Two to three tonnes/ha of cow dung or compost is applied and the field is again plowed and leveled. Stem cuttings, 10 cm long are spread at a spacing of 20 cm. Water logging to a height of 30 cm is always required. Rooting may start within 15-20 days. It will spread over the field within 6 months.
Useful plant parts:
Brahmi or Thyme-leaved gratiola is an important drug in Ayurveda for the improvement of intelligence and memory and revitalisation of sense organs. It is suggested against dermatosis, anemia, diabetes, cough, dropsy, fever, arthritis, anorexia, dyspepsia, emaciation, and insanity. It dispels poisonous affections, splenic disorders, and impurity of blood. It is useful in vitiated conditions of kapha and vata, biliousness, neuralgia, ascites, flatulence, leprosy, leucoderma, syphilis, sterility, and general debility.
Leaves contain the alkaloids brahmine and herpestine. Mannitol and saponins were reported later. A systematic examination has resulted in the isolation and identification of two saponins designated as bacosides A and B. The mixture of bacosides A and B on hydrolysis gives four sapogenins, glucose, and arabinose.
Barbiturate, stomachic, expectorant, anti-inflammatory, cardiotonic, diuretic, hypnosis potentiation effect
How to prepare medicines:
The whole plant is fried in ghee and used every day to improve memory power.
Whole plant juice mixed with jaggery can be given to newborn babies who suffer from constipation.
It is one of the ingredients in the Ayurveda hair oils to enhance hair growth and prevent hair loss, An equal amount of coconut oil and Brahmi plant juice boiled well and can be applied on the head before bath, is helpful to grow hair
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