English: Indian crocus, Peacock ginger, Round-rooted galangal
Sanscrit: Bhoomi champa भूमी चम्पा, Bhucampakah
Hindi: Bhoomi champa भूमी चम्पा, Abhuyichampa
Malayalam: Chenganeer kizhangu-ചെങ്ങനീർകിഴങ്ങ് / Malankoova-മലങ്കൂവ
Peacock ginger or Blackthorn (Kaempferia rotunda) plant grows wild in shaded areas that are wet or humid, especially in forests in South India. It grows in gardens and is known for its beautiful flowers and foliage. It is an annual herb, growing up to 2 feet tall, it belongs to the ginger family, The flowers are white and red very attractive, and emerge from the ground so it is called Bhoomi Chamba in Sanskrit, which means flower of the earth. Rhizomes lay underground in the winter season and reappear and blossom for two or three days.
Useful plant parts: Rhizome
Medicinal uses: used to treat itch, scabies, blood clots and malignancy, tumors, swellings, and wounds.
Medicinal properties: Antioxidant, acrid, thermogenic, aromatic, stomachic, anti-inflammatory, emetic, anti-tumor, anti-rheumatic
Chemical content: Toxin, benzyl benzoate, The tubers contain crotepoxide and beta-sitosterol. Tuber contains essential oil, and benzoic acid on hydrolysis.
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