Scientific name of Blackthorne: Kaempferia rotunda

Name of Blackthorne in different languages:-

English:  Indian crocus, Peacock ginger, Round-rooted galangal

Sanscrit: Bhoomi champa भूमी चम्पा, Bhucampakah

Hindi: Bhoomi champa भूमी चम्पा, Abhuyichampa

Malayalam: Chenganeer kizhangu-ചെങ്ങനീർകിഴങ്ങ് / Malankoova-മലങ്കൂവ

Tamil:  Nerppicin

Plant description-Blackthorn

Peacock ginger or Blackthorn (Kaempferia rotunda)  plant grows wild in shaded areas that are wet or humid, especially in forests in South India. It grows in gardens and is known for its beautiful flowers and foliage.    It is an annual herb, growing up to 2 feet tall, it belongs to the ginger family, The flowers are white and red very attractive, and emerge from the ground so it is called Bhoomi Chamba in Sanskrit, which means flower of the earth. Rhizomes lay underground in the winter season and reappear and blossom for two or three days.

Leaf Arrangement

Shape-lanceolate Margin-Entire Venation- Reticulate

Useful plant parts: Rhizome

Medicinal uses of Blackthorne  

used to treat itch, scabies, blood clots and malignancies, tumors, swellings, and wounds.

Kaempferia rotunda, commonly known as “Krachai Dum” or “Black Ginger,” is a medicinal plant native to Southeast Asia. It has a long history of traditional use, particularly in Thai and Ayurvedic medicine. Here are some of the Ayurvedic uses of Kaempferia rotunda:

  1. Aphrodisiac Properties: In Ayurveda, Kaempferia rotunda is believed to have aphrodisiac properties, which may help enhance sexual desire and performance.
  2. Digestive Health: It is used to support digestive health and is believed to aid in the digestion and absorption of nutrients.
  3. Anti-inflammatory: Kaempferia rotunda is considered to have anti-inflammatory properties, which may help reduce inflammation in the body.
  4. Anti-oxidant: Some studies suggest that Kaempferia rotunda contains antioxidants that may help protect cells from damage caused by free radicals.
  5. Arthritis and Joint Health: It is used traditionally for its potential to alleviate symptoms of arthritis and improve joint health.
  6. Respiratory Health: It may be used in Ayurvedic medicine to support respiratory health, potentially helping with conditions like asthma or bronchitis.
  7. Nervous System Support: Some traditional practices believe that Kaempferia rotunda can have a calming effect on the nervous system, potentially reducing stress and anxiety.
  8. Cardiovascular Health: It may be used to support heart health and improve circulation.
  9. Skin Conditions: In some traditional practices, Kaempferia rotunda is used topically for its potential to treat skin conditions, including acne and inflammation.
  10. Menstrual Disorders: It is believed to have properties that can help regulate menstrual cycles and alleviate menstrual pain.
  11. Anti-microbial Properties: Some studies suggest that Kaempferia rotunda may have antimicrobial properties, which may help prevent or treat bacterial and fungal infections.
  12. Weight Management: It is believed to have properties that can support healthy metabolism and weight management.

While Kaempferia rotunda has been used in traditional medicine for its medicinal properties, it’s important to note that it should be used under the guidance of a qualified healthcare practitioner. Excessive or improper use can lead to adverse effects. Always consult a healthcare professional before starting any new herbal treatment. Additionally, some individuals may be allergic to certain plants, so it’s important to perform a patch test before using topically.

Medicinal properties: Antioxidant, acrid, thermogenic, aromatic, stomachic, anti-inflammatory, emetic, anti-tumor, anti-rheumatic

Chemical content: Toxin, benzyl benzoate, The tubers contain crotepoxide and beta-sitosterol. Tuber contains essential oil, and benzoic acid on hydrolysis.

Used as an ingredient in the Ayurvedic medicines like:-


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