Black pepper plant

Scientific name of Black pepper plant: Piper nigrum

Name of Black pepper in different languages:-

Sanscrit: Maricham

Hindi: Kalamirchi

Malayalam: Kurumulak കുരുമുളക്

Tamil: மிளகு-Milaku

Plant description:

Black pepper plant – Piper nigrum is a climber vine of the tropical area commonly in South India. Leaves are dark green and pointed at the end, climbing with the support tree grows up to 30 m. tall. Flowering is in June and seeds are green with leaf buds, which grow like a spike called peppercorn in clusters, Seeds are dark green and it turn orange-red when ripe. Dried fruits are called Black pepper which is medically important in Ayurveda treatments.

Ripe fruits Dried Fruits

Useful plant parts: Seed, root

Medicinal uses:

Black pepper is used to treat rheumatism, flu, colds, increase blood circulation, muscular aches, stimulates appetite, tones the colon muscles, vertigo, paralytic, arthritic disorders and digestive tonic.

Chemical content: piptigrine, piperine, dipiperamides

Medicinal properties: Antibacterial, Anti-inflammatory, Antilarval, Gastrointestinal effects, bacteriostatic, fungi static.

Different type of Peppers under various process

Black pepper – Half boiled and dried unripe fruit

White pepper – Ripe fruit pealed and dried

Green pepper – Unripe fruit dried fruit

Red pepper –  Ripe drupes preserved in brine and vinegar to keep the redness

How to prepare medicines:

Black pepper is the one of the ingredient in the Ayurveda medicines like-

 Avipathi choornam  Guduchyadi Tailam  Nasya choornam
Abhraloha Tablets Himguvachadi Choornam Nayanasukha varthi 
Ashta choornam Kallyanaksharam Poothivalkasavam
Ashtachoornam  Kankayan Vati  Pranada Gutika 
Astabeeja varti Karpooradi choornam Punarnava Mandur gulika 
Brihat Marichadi Taila  Karpuradi Kuzhambu Punarnavasavam
Cheriya Karpooradi Choornam Kayasthadi Varti Rasnadi Choornam
Chitrakadi Vati  Kombanchadi Gulika Shanmakshika Varthi 
Chukkumthippalyadi choornam Kurinji Kuzhambu Srikhandasavam
Clearout Tablets Kutajashtaka Kashaya Sudarsana Choornam
Dainik Tablet Lasunadi Vati  Suran Vatak 
Danta Varti  Lavangadi Vati  Talisapatradi Vatakam 
Dasanakanthi Choornam Lohasavam Tar Mandoor Gud 
Dhanwanthararishtam Maha Vishagarbha Tailam Thaleesapathradi Choornam
Diarotap Tablet  Maharajaprasarini Thailam Valiya Karpooradi Choornam
Draksharishtam Marichadi Choornam Vasachandanadi Taila
Em Gesta Tablets Marichadi Thailam Vettumaran Gulika
Gandhak Vati Masik Tablet  Vilwadi Gulika
Gastrex Tablets Mrita Sanjivani Gulika  Vimalavarti
Gojihwadi Kwatha Muktadi Mahanjana thilam  

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