Betel pepper

Scientific name of Betel pepper: Piper betel Linn.

Name of Betel pepper in different languages:-

English: Chavica Betel

Sanskrit: Tambulavalli, Tambula

Hindi: Nimba, Paan, Nagavally

Malayalam: Vettilakodi വെറ്റിലക്കൊടി, Vettakody

Plant description:

Betel pepper vine (Piper betel Linn.) is a perennial climber vine found in tropical, Western Ghats, which grows with the support other trees, up to 20 m high, leaves are soft, glossy green, heart-shaped and nerved with tailed apex. Stem are purplish or reddish- brown, many branched, and contain single leaf in branch end.

Leaf Arrangement

Shape-Cordate Margin-Entire Venation-Arcuate

Useful plant parts:

leaf, fruit, root

Medicinal uses:

To reduce Vata, Kapha

Chemical content:

Antiseptic-chavicol,  alkaloid – Arakene

Medicinal properties: 

Antioxidant, Antifungal, Antiulcerogenic, Immunomodulatory, Anti-inflammatory, Antiplatelet, Antidiabetic.

How to prepare medicines:

Ingredient in the paan (Areca nut, betel leaf, tobacco and calcium carbonate) can reduce bad breath.

One of the ingredients in the Ayurveda medicines like-

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