Arrow-leaf Morning Glory

The Scientific name of Arrow-leaf Morning Glory: Xenostegia tridentata/Merrimia tridentata

Name of Arrow-leaf Morning Glory in different languages:-

English: African Morning vine

Malayalam: Prasarini-പ്രസാരണി, Talaneeli-താലനീലി.

Sanskrit: Prasarini.

Tamil: Thirippanpullu

Plant description

Arrow-leaf Morning Glory is a slender, perennial climbing vine, found throughout India,  found as a weed in abandoned areas, plane lands, ground areas, and deep sandy areas, spreading over other plants. It grows up to 2 meters long.  The leaves are linear, up to 10cm long and 1cm wide, tapered on both ends, arranged alternately and opposite and base arrow-shaped,  tooth-like base, margin three-lobed. The stem is pale brown and slender about 1 mm in diameter. The flowers are Small, pale yellow, up to 6 cm long stalks, with funnel-shaped with a maroon to brown center. The fruits are capsule-shaped, globose, and contain 2 to 4 seeds.

Leaf Arrangement of Thalaneely Plant

Shape-Hastate Margin-Entire Venation-Reticulate


Useful plant parts:

Whole plant

Medicinal uses: 

Used in the treatments of Vatha conditions such as ‘Amavata’, ‘Avabahuka’, to increase renal function and urinary-related diseases.

Ayurvedic uses of Merrimia tridentata

  1. Digestive Disorders: Merrimia tridentata is used in Ayurveda to address digestive issues like indigestion, stomachache, and diarrhea. It is believed to have properties that can help regulate bowel movements and soothe the digestive system.
  2. Anti-inflammatory Properties: It is thought to possess anti-inflammatory effects and may be used to reduce inflammation associated with various conditions.
  3. Wound Healing: Merrimia tridentata is applied externally in the form of poultices or pastes to promote wound healing. It is believed to have antimicrobial properties that can help prevent infections.
  4. Anti-microbial Properties: The plant is believed to have antimicrobial properties, which may help in preventing or treating infections.
  5. Respiratory Disorders: Some traditional Ayurvedic formulations use Merrimia tridentata for respiratory conditions like cough and asthma. It is believed to have properties that help in clearing respiratory passages.
  6. Urinary Disorders: It is used traditionally to support urinary health. Merrimia tridentata is thought to have diuretic properties that help in improving kidney function.
  7. Fever and Infections: It is used in Ayurvedic medicine to help reduce fever and combat infections. Some practitioners believe that it possesses properties that may boost the immune system.
  8. Anti-diabetic Properties: Some studies suggest that Merrimia tridentata may have potential benefits in managing diabetes. It is believed to help regulate blood sugar levels.
  9. Menstrual Disorders: Some Ayurvedic formulations may include Merrimia tridentata for its potential benefits in regulating menstrual cycles and alleviating menstrual cramps.
  10. Anti-cancer Potential: While more research is needed, there is some interest in the potential anti-cancer properties of Merrimia tridentata. Certain compounds found in the plant are being studied for their effects on cancer cells.

Chemical Constituents:

Flavanoidis-Lutedin,Diosmetion,  dissmetin – 7-O-β-D- Glucoside.

Medicinal Properties:

Anti-diabetic, Anti-lipid peroxidative, Analgesic, Anti-inflammatory.

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