Family : Combretaceae
Sanscrit: Arjuna, Dhanvi, Indradruma, Kakubha, Karvirak.
Hindi: Arjun, Arjuna, Koha, Kahu, Arjan
Malayalam: Neermaruthu നീർമരുത്, Pulamatti പുലമാറ്റി.
English : Arjun, White murdah
Bengali : Arjun
Gujarat : Sadado, Arjunsadada
Kannada : Arjun
Punjabi : Arjan
Tamil : Attumaruthu
A large evergreen tree with buttressed trunk and spreading crown with drooping branches, bark smooth, grey out side and flesh coloured inside, flaking off in large flat pieces. Leaves simple, sub-opposite, oblong or elliptic, coriaceous, cordate, shortly acute or obtuse at the apex, pale dull green above, pale brown beneath. Flowers are white, arranged in panicled spikes with linear bracteoles. Fruits ovoid or ovoid oblong, 2.5-5.0 cm long, nearly glabrous, with 5-7 hard, winged angles, the lines on the wing oblique and curving upward.
Useful plant parts:
Bark (Arjuna twak), fruit
The bark is useful in fractures, ulcers, urethrorrhoea, leucorrhoea, diabetes, vitiated conditions of pitta, anaemia, cardiopathy, fatigue, asthma, bronchitis, tumours, internal and external haemorrhages, cirrhosis of the lever and hypertension. It is used in fractures and the powdered bark is taken with milk. The bark powder is diuretic and has a general tonic effect in cases of cirrhosis of liver. The bark has been considered by the ayurvedic physicians as well as by modern practitioners as a cardiac tonic. It is given as a decoction with milk
Fruits: Flavanones-arjunone and 5,7,2’,4’- tetramethoxy flavone and a chalcone- cerasidin. Other constituents are beta-Sitosterol, friedelin, methyloleanolate, gallic acid, ellagic acid and arjunic acid. Bark: Triterpene arjungenin, tri-terpene glucosides I, II and III, stem bark: flavones-baicalein and arjunolone characterised as 6, 4’-dihydroxy-7-methoxy flavone. Stem bark yields oxalic acid and tannins besides complex glycosides.
Medicinal Properties :
Bark is alexirtic, styptic, antidysenteric, astringent, antiasthmatic, febrifuge, hepatoprotective, uterine tonic, expectorant, cardiotonic, aphrodisiac and diuretic.
Fruit is deobstruent.
Stem-bark is CVS and neurotonic, diuretic and abortifacient.
Aerial part is semen coagulant.
It can be propagated by seeds and stump planting. The technique of arjun plants involves dipping the seeds in water for 96 hours. After the treatment, soaked seeds are kept in heaps covered with moist gunny cloth in shade, till germination. This method gives a germination of about 85 to 90% within a period of 20 days which permits to raise a stable planting stock material as against erratic and poor germination spreading for nearly two months under the conventional method.
How to prepare medicines with Arjuna:
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