Arjuna Tree

The Scientific name of Arjuna Tree: Terminalia Arjuna

Family :  Combretaceae

Name of Arjuna in different languages:-

Sanscrit: Arjuna, Dhanvi, Indradruma, Kakubha, Karvirak.

Hindi: Arjun, Arjuna, Koha, Kahu, Arjan

Malayalam: Neermaruthu നീർമരുത്, Pulamatti പുലമാറ്റി.

English :  Arjun, White murdah

Bengali :  Arjun

Gujarat :  Sadado, Arjunsadada

Kannada :  Arjun

Punjabi :  Arjan

Tamil :  Attumaruthu

Plant Description

A large evergreen tree with a buttressed trunk and spreading crown with drooping branches, bark smooth, grey outside and flesh-coloured inside, flaking off in large flat pieces. Leaves simple, sub-opposite, oblong or elliptic, coriaceous, cordate, shortly acute or obtuse at the apex, pale dull green above, pale brown beneath. Flowers are white, arranged in panicled spikes with linear bracteoles. Fruits are ovoid or ovoid oblong, 2.5-5.0 cm long, nearly glabrous, with 5-7 hard, winged angles, the lines on the wing oblique and curving upward.

Useful plant parts:

Bark (Arjuna twak), fruit

Leaf Arrangement

Linear-parallel Margin-denticulate Venation-pinnate

Medicinal uses:

The bark is useful in fractures, ulcers, urethrorrhoea, leucorrhoea, diabetes, vitiated conditions of pitta, anemia, cardiopathy, fatigue, asthma, bronchitis, tumors, internal and external hemorrhages, cirrhosis of the lever and hypertension. It is used in fractures and the powdered bark is taken with milk. The bark powder is a diuretic and has a general tonic effect in cases of cirrhosis of the liver. The bark has been considered by ayurvedic physicians as well as by modern practitioners as a cardiac tonic. It is given as a decoction with milk

Chemical content:

Fruits: Flavanones-arjunone and 5,7,2’,4’- tetramethoxy flavone and a chalcone- cerasidin. Other constituents are beta-Sitosterol, friedelin, methyloleanolate, gallic acid, ellagic acid, and arjunic acid. Bark: Triterpene arjungenin, tri-terpene glucosides I, II and III, stem bark: flavones-baicalein and arjunolone characterised as 6, 4’-dihydroxy-7-methoxy flavone. Stem bark yields oxalic acid and tannins besides complex glycosides.

Medicinal Properties :

The bark is alexirtic, styptic, antidysenteric, astringent, antiasthmatic, febrifuge, hepatoprotective, uterine tonic, expectorant, cardiotonic, aphrodisiac, and diuretic.

Fruit is deobstruent.

Stem-bark is CVS and neurotonic, diuretic and abortifacient.

The aerial part is semen coagulant.

Propagation :

It can be propagated by seeds and stump planting. The technique of Arjuna plants involves dipping the seeds in water for 96 hours. After the treatment, soaked seeds are kept in heaps covered with moist gunny cloth in the shade, till germination. This method gives a germination of about 85 to 90% within a period of 20 days which permits to raise a stable planting stock material against erratic and poor germination spreading for nearly two months under the conventional method.

How to prepare medicines with Arjuna:

  • Daily use of 3-6 gm of dried bark powder of Arjuna can reduce heart diseases, prevent heart attack possibility, reduce cholesterol levels, and heal wounds.
  • Dried bark powder is used in the treatment of Asthma and related disorders.
  • The bark is mixed with honey and is applied on bone fractures to cure and strengthen quickly.
  • Consuming 15 to 30 grams of bark powder made into a liquid is helpful in curing dysentery and diarrhea.
  • Fresh juice of tree leaves can be used for relieving earache.
  • Bark decoction is used as an astringent to clean syphilitic sores, ulcers, and sores.
  • Regular intake of bark powder with milk is helpful to stimulate sexual power.

Arjuna Tree is used as an ingredient in the Ayurveda medicines like:-

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