Aloe Vera

The Scientific name of Aloe vera: Aloe

Name in different languages:-

English: Indian aloe

Sanskrit: Kumari, Ghrtakumari

Hindi: Kumari, Gritkumari

Malayalam: Kattarvazha കറ്റാർവാഴ, Kumari കുമാരി

Tamil: Sirukattali

Plant description

Aloe vera, commonly known as Kumari or Kattarvazha is a stemless, perennial, Acaulescent herb, with a short stem and shallow root system. Leaves radical, 30-60 cm long, fleshy, in rosettes, sessile, glaucous-green, often crowded with horny prickles on margins, narrowed from base to apex, surface pale green color with irregular white blotches, inside of the leaf contain a white jelly-like substance. Inflorescence 90-135 cm long, simple or few branched, racemes terminal, up to 40 cm long. The flowers are yellow or orange, about 2.5 cm long, produced on a spike up to 90 cm tall. Fruits loculicidal capsules, 1.5×1.0 cm, cylindrical or ellipsoid-oblong.

Dried pulp of leaves(Eliyo) – ‘Angady’ medicine is available in the market named ‘Chenninayakam-ചെന്നിനായകം’ which can be used instead of fresh leaves, which is a bitter taste, black in color when dried. this is medically important in Ayurvedic treatments.

Useful plant parts:

Whole Plant, Leaf, Leaf juice, Elio-dried gum

Shape-Tapered Margin-Spiny Venation-Parallel

Medicinal uses of Aloe Vera-Kumari: 

To treat skin disorders, to treat dandruff, arthritis, scalp, diabetics, high cholesterol, Wounds, cuts, liver, and kidney bladder disorders.

Ayurvedic uses of Aloe Vera

  1. Digestive Health: Aloe Vera is considered a natural digestive aid. It is used to soothe and cleanse the digestive tract, and it may be helpful in conditions like indigestion, constipation, and irritable bowel syndrome.
  2. Skin Health: Aloe Vera is well-known for its benefits to the skin. It is used to treat various skin conditions such as burns, wounds, eczema, psoriasis, acne, and insect bites. It’s believed to have wound-healing and anti-inflammatory properties.
  3. Hair Health: Ayurveda suggests that Aloe Vera can nourish and strengthen hair, promoting healthy growth and reducing dandruff.
  4. Anti-inflammatory Properties: Aloe Vera is considered to have anti-inflammatory properties, which can be beneficial for reducing inflammation in the body.
  5. Detoxification: It is used as a detoxifying agent, helping to cleanse the body of toxins and promoting overall health.
  6. Immune System Support: Ayurveda suggests that Aloe Vera may help boost the immune system, potentially making the body more resistant to infections.
  7. Joint Health: Aloe Vera is used to reduce inflammation and pain in conditions like arthritis.
  8. Menstrual Irregularities: In some Ayurvedic practices, Aloe Vera is used to regulate menstrual cycles and alleviate menstrual discomfort.
  9. Weight Management: Some Ayurvedic practitioners use Aloe Vera to aid in weight loss, as it is believed to help improve digestion and metabolism.
  10. Liver Health: It may be used to support liver function and detoxification processes.
  11. Circulatory Health: Aloe Vera may be used to improve blood circulation.
  12. Oral Health: It is used in Ayurveda to promote oral health. Aloe Vera juice may be used as a mouthwash to help with conditions like gingivitis.
  13. Diabetes Management: Some studies suggest that Aloe Vera may help regulate blood sugar levels, which can be beneficial for individuals with diabetes. However, more research is needed in this area.

Chemical content:

Mucopolicaride, Barbaloin, beta-barbaloin, capalo-resino-tannol combined with p-coumaric acid.

Medicinal Properties:

Anti-aging, Anti-Inflammatory, Anthelmintic, purgative, carminative, hair tonic, hepatoprotective, diuretic, ophthalmic, uterine tonic, antidermatitic

How to prepare medicines

Dandruff – Apply jelly of aloe vera leaves on the head keep it for half an hour and wash out, repeat this for three days.

Wounds – The juice of leaves is mixed with turmeric powder and applied on wounds.

Leucorrhea – to treat white discharge in women- take leaf juice with cow milk or goat milk.

Ayurveda properties

Rasa (Taste) Tikta (Bitter)
Guna (Physical Property) Guru, Snigdha, Pichhila (heavy, Unctuous, Sticky)
Virya (Potency) Sheeta (Cold)
Vipaka (Metabolic Property) Katu (Pungent)

Kumari is used as an ingredient in Ayurvedic medicines like:-


Yakratankush Tablet

Asana Manishtadi Oil

Kumary Asavam

Manjishtadi Thailam




Vanga Bhasmam


Chukkumthippaliyadi Gulika 

Dainik Tablet


Mukkamukkutukadi Gulika

Normen Tablets

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