African Coriander

The scientific name of African coriander: Eryngium foetidum L.

Name of African coriander in different languages:-

English: Mexican coriander, Long coriander, Fitweed.

Hindi: Ban-daniya-बन्धनिय  (Wild cilantro)

Malayalam: African malli-ആഫ്രിക്കൻ മല്ലി

Tamil: biriyani lai

Plant description:

It is an annual biennial herb, pungently scented, and grows to 15 to 45 cm tall with the taproot. In India, it is reported to be perennial. The leaves are arranged in a basal rosette form, leaf blades are lanceolate to oblanceolate or spatulate in shape, and margins are spinous toothed. Flowering shoots divaricately branched, and bear more deeply toothed leaves. Flowers are white in cylindrical heads, subtended by a whorl of about 2-3 cm long, with 5-6 unequal bracts resembling the upper leaves. Calyx teeth are ridged and acute. Petals are white or greenish, and fruits are ellipsoid or subglobose and greenish. Seeds are semiterete.

Leaf Arrangement

Shape-Lanceolate Margin-Dentate Venation-pinnate
 lanceolate-ointed-at-both-ends  Margin_Dentate-with-symetrical-teeth  Venation-pinnate


Useful plant parts:

leaf and root.

Medicinal uses:

The leaves and roots are used to prepare as tea, which will stimulate appetite, improve digestion, combat colic, soothe stomach pains, and eliminate gases and as an aphrodisiac.

The decoction of leaf and root is used in the treatments of Pneumonia, fever, dysentery, constipation, diabetes, and vomiting.

Chemical content:

Oil contains linalool, decanal, mesit aldehyde, 2-dodecenal, trans-2-dodecenal, and trans-2-tridecenal.

Medicinal properties:

Pungent, anti-clastogenic, anti-carcinogenic, stimulating appetite,   anti-diabetic, aphrodisiac, stomachic, analgesic, anti-convulsant, and anti-bacterial.

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