English: Velvet-leaf, Abuta
Sanskrit: Ambashtha, Piluphala, Ekashthila, Dipani, Varatiktata, Tiktapushpa, Atisaranashani, Ambashtaki, Pracchina, Shreyasi.
Hindi: Leghu patha, Akanadi, Pada
Malayalam: Malathangi-മലതാങ്ങി, Vattavally-വട്ടവള്ളി
Tamil: Vatta thiruppi-வட்டத்திருப்பி
Abuta (Cissampelos pareira), also known as velvetleaf or false pareira brava, is a climbing shrub native to tropical regions of Asia, Africa, and the Americas. It has a history of traditional use in Ayurveda and other traditional medicine systems.
It is an annual climber shrub, tomentose, spreading over trees, fences, etc., commonly found in tropical sub-tropical, forest areas, plane lands, in Western Ghats area, etc., the leaves are dark green, hairy, ovate or heart-shaped, about 4 to 10 cm in diameter. Flowers are small, dioecious, light green in color, found in clusters in the leaf axis. The fruits are berries, many, small, and round, born in clusters, green in color turn to red when ripe. Flowering and fruiting April to October.
Useful plant parts:
Root, leaf, Whole plant
It is mainly used in folk medicine to treat rheumatic disorders, coughing, and colds, to increase breast milk, and urinary disorders, to treat cobra bites, anti-malarial. It is an important herb in feminine diseases. It is known as the midwife plant because it is used in women’s ailments such as uterine hemorrhages, miscarriage, urogenital disorders, etc., and also useful in intestinal worms, wounds, ulcers, indigestion, asthma, arthritis, and muscle cramps. To treat malaria and fever, and also used in the treatment of sexually transmitted diseases (VD).
Alkaloid (Pelocin), Saponin, flavanol, and sterol
Astringent, anti-inflammatory, Antinociceptive, and antiarthritic.
Antimalarial, Antioxidant, Antifertility, Anti-inflammatory, and immunomodulatory activity
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